Voiced bilabial implosive

Voiced bilabial implosive
IPA number 160
Entity (decimal) ɓ
Unicode (hex) U+0253
Kirshenbaum b`
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
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A voiced bilabial implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɓ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b_<.


Features of the voiced bilabial implosive:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Ega[1] [ɓá] 'send away'
English Southern American[2] boy [ɓɔɪ̯] 'boy' Possible realization of word-initial /b/.[2] See English phonology
Fula[3] fulɓe [fulɓe] 'Fulbe person' (g.)
Goemai as [ɓas] 'to fetch'
Hausa ɓaɓewa [ɓaɓɛua] 'quarreling'
Jamaican Patois[4] beat [ɓiːt] 'beat' Allophone of /b/ in the onset of prominent syllables.
Kalabari[5] á [ɓá] 'kill'
Khmer បី [ɓəj] 'three'
Mono[6] ‘balœ [ɓálə́] 'at'
Seereer-Siin[7] [ɓood] 'to crawl' Contrasts phonemically with voiceless implosive
Sindhi ٻر [ɓaˑrʊ] 'child'
Tera[8] ɓala [ɓala] 'to talk' Contrasts phonemically with palatalized implosive, /ɓʲ/
Tukang Besi [aɓa] 'previous'
Vietnamese[9] bạn [ɓan̪˧ˀ˨ʔ] 'you' In free variation with [ʔb]. See Vietnamese phonology
Zulu ubaba [uˈɓaːɓa] 'my father'

See also



  • Connell, Bruce; Ahoua, Firmin; Gibbon, Dafydd (2002), "Ega", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 32 (1): 99–104, doi:10.1017/S002510030200018X 
  • Devonish, H.; Harry, Otelamate G. (2004), "Jamaican phonology", in Kortman, B; Shneider E. W., A Handbook of Varieties of English, phonology, 1, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, pp. 441–471 
  • Harry, Otelamate G. (2003), "Kalaḅarị-Ịjo", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 33 (1): 113–120, doi:10.1017/S002510030300121X 
  • Keer, Edward (1999), Geminates, The OCP and The Nature of CON, Rutgers University 
  • Mc Laughlin, Fiona (2005), "Voiceless implosives in Seereer-Siin", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 35 (2): 201–214, doi:10.1017/S0025100305002215 
  • Olson, Kenneth S. (2004), "Mono" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 34 (02): 233–238, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001744 
  • Tench, Paul (2007), "Tera", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 37 (1): 228–234, doi:10.1017/s0025100307002952 
  • Thompson, Laurence (1959), "Saigon phonemics", Language, 35 (3): 454–476, doi:10.2307/411232, JSTOR 411232 
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English, 3: Beyond the British Isles, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-24225-8 
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