Voiced alveolar lateral affricate

Voiced alveolar lateral affricate
IPA number 104 (149)
Entity (decimal) d͡ɮ
Unicode (hex) U+0064U+0361U+026E
source · help

The voiced alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is d͡ɮ (often simplified to ).


Features of the voiced alveolar lateral affricate:


Voiced alveolar lateral affricates are rare. Sandawe has been transcribed with [dɮ], but the sound is more post-alveolar or palatal than alveolar. Consonants written dl in Athabaskan and Wakashan languages are either tenuis affricates, [t͜ɬ] (perhaps slightly voiced allophonically), or have an approximant release, [tˡ] or [dˡ]. In Montana Salish, /l/ may be prestopped, depending on context, in which case it may be realized as [ᵈl] or as an affricate [ᵈɮ̤].[1] In the Nguni languages [d͡ɮ] occurs after nasals: /nɮ̤/ is pronounced [nd͡ɮ̤], with an epenthetic stop, in at least Xhosa[2] and Zulu.[3]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Montana Salish p̓əllič̓č [pʼəd͡ɮɮít͡ʃʼt͡ʃ] 'turned over' Positional allophone of /l/
Xhosa indlovu [ind͡ɮ̤ɔːv̤u] 'elephant' Allophone of /ɮ̤/ after /n/


  1. Flemming, Ladefoged & Thomason (1994) "Phonetic structures of Montana Salish", UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics 87: 7
  2. Scarraffiotti (2011) Parlons Xhosa p. 13
  3. Rycroft & Ngcobo (1979) Say it in Zulu, p. 6
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/30/2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.