Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant

Voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant
IPA number 183
Entity (decimal) ʑ
Unicode (hex) U+0291
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
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The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʑ ("z", plus the curl also found in its voiceless counterpart ɕ), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is z\. It is the sibilant equivalent of the voiced palatal fricative.

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative does not occur in any major dialect of English. However, it is the usual realization of /ʒ/ (as in vision) in the Ghanaian variety.[1]


alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ажьа [aˈʑa] 'hare'See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe жьау [ʑaːw] 'shadow'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[2] ajut [əˈʑut] 'help' (n.) See Catalan phonology
Chinese Jiangshan dialect of Wu [ʑyœʔ] 'ten'
Southern Min 今仔日/kin-á-ji̍t [kɪn˧a˥ʑɪt˥] 'today'
English Ghanaian[1] vision [ˈviʑin] 'vision' Educated speakers may use [ʒ], to which this phone corresponds in other dialects.[1]
Japanese 火事/kaji [kaʑi] 'fire' Found in free variation with [d͡ʑ] between vowels. See Japanese phonology
Kabardian жьэ [ʑa] 'mouth'
Luxembourgish[3] héijen [ˈhəi̯ʑɵ̞n] 'high' Allophone of /ʁ/ after phonologically front vowels; some speakers merge it with [ʒ]. Occurs only in a few words.[3] See Luxembourgish phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect ميږ [miʑ] 'we'
Polish[4] źrebię  [ˈʑrɛbjɛw̃]  'foal' Also denoted by the digraph zi. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[5][6][7] magia [maˈʑi.ɐ] 'magic' Also described as palato-alveolar [ʒ].[8][9] See Portuguese phonology
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[10] gea [ʑanə] 'eyelash' Realized as [d͡ʒ] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian Conservative Moscow Standard[11] езжу [ˈjeʑːʊ] 'I drive' Somewhat obsolete; most speakers realize it as hard [ʐː].[11] Present only in a few words, usually written жж or зж. See Russian phonology
Sema[12][13] aji [à̠ʑì] 'blood' Possible allophone of /ʒ/ before /i, e/; can be realized as [d͡ʑ ~ ʒ ~ d͡ʒ] instead.[13]
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[14] пуж ħе / puž će [pûːʑ t͡ɕe̞] 'the snail will' Allophone of /ʒ/ before /t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ/.[14] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Sorbian Lower[15] źasety [ʑäs̪ɛt̪ɨ] 'tenth'
Xumi Upper[17] [Hʑɜ] 'beer, wine'
Yi /yi [ʑi˧] 'tobacco'

See also



This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/7/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.