Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant

Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant
IPA number 182
Entity (decimal) ɕ
Unicode (hex) U+0255
Kirshenbaum S;
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
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The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɕ ("c", plus the curl also found in its voiced counterpart ʑ). It is the sibilant equivalent of the voiceless palatal fricative.

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative does not occur in any major dialect of English. However, it is the usual realization of /ʃ/ (as in ship) in the Ghanaian variety.[1]


alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe щы  [ɕə]  'three'
Assamese ব্ৰিটি [bɹitiɕ] 'British'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[2] caixa [ˈkaɕə] 'box' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin 西安/Xī'ān  [ɕí.án] 'Xi'an' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Chuvash çиçĕм [ˈɕiɕ̬əm]'lightning' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl [ɕeˀl] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Dutch Some speakers sjabloon [ɕäˈbloːn] 'template' May be [ʃ] or [sʲ] instead. See Dutch phonology
English Ghanaian[1] ship [ɕip] 'ship' Educated speakers may use [ʃ], to which this phone corresponds in other dialects.[1]
Guarani Paraguayan che [ɕɛ] 'I'
Japanese[3] /shio [ɕi.o] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian щэ  [ɕa]  'hundred'
Korean /si [ɕi] 'poem' See Korean phonology
Luxembourgish[4] liicht [liːɕt] 'light' Allophone of /χ/ after phonologically front vowels; some speakers merge it with [ʃ].[4] See Luxembourgish phonology
Norwegian Standard Eastern[5] kjekk [ɕɛ̝kː] 'handsome' Typically transcribed in IPA with ç; less often realized as palatal [ç]. Younger speakers in Bergen, Stavanger and Oslo merge it with /ʂ/.[5] See Norwegian phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect لښکي [ˈləɕki] 'little, slight'
Polish[6] śruba  [ˈɕrubä]  'screw' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[7][8][9] mexendo [meˈɕẽd̪u] 'moving' Also described as palato-alveolar [ʃ].[10][11] See Portuguese phonology
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[12] ce [ɕɛ] 'what' Realized as [] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian счастье  [ˈɕːæsʲtʲjə]  'happiness' Also represented by щ. Contrasts with /ʂ/, /s/, and /sʲ/. See Russian phonology
Sema[13][14] ashi [à̠ɕì] 'meat' Possible allophone of /ʃ/ before /i, e/.[13][14]
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[15] miš će [mîɕ t͡ɕe̞] 'the mouse will' Allophone of /ʃ/ before /t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ/.[15] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Some speakers of Montenegrin śutra [ɕutra] 'tomorrow' Phonemically /sj/ or, in some cases, /s/.
Sorbian Lower[16] pśijaśel [ˈpɕijäɕɛl] 'friend'
Swedish Finland sjok [ɕuːk] 'chunk' Allophone of /ɧ/.
Sweden kjol  [ɕuːl]  'skirt' See Swedish phonology
TibetanLhasa dialect བཞི་ [ɕi˨˧] 'four' Contrasts with /ʂ/.
Xumi Lower[18] [RPd͡ʑi ɕɐ] 'one hundred'
Upper[19] [RPd͡ʑi ɕɜ]
Yi /xi [ɕi˧] 'thread'

See also



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