Elections in Italy

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Italy elects, at the national level, a Parliament consisting of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members; and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 elected members, plus a few senators for life. The President of the Republic is elected for a seven-year term by the two houses of Parliament in joint session.

Italy has historically had many political parties, both national and regional, with different party systems.

The most recent Italian general election was held on 24 and 25 February 2013.

2013 election

A snap general election was held in Italy on 24 and 25 February 2013, after President Giorgio Napolitano dissolved parliament few months before, due to the resignation of the Prime Minister Mario Monti and his technocratic government. No absolute winner emerged from the election; the votes were divided into three parts: the centre-left alliance, Italy Common Good, whose major party was the Democratic Party, led by Pier Luigi Bersani, the Centre-right coalition, led by Silvio Berlusconi with his People of Freedom party, and the anti-establishment Five Star Movement, whose leader was Beppe Grillo. On 24 April 2013, Napolitano, gave the task to form a new government to the Deputy-Secretary of the Democratic Party, Enrico Letta. On 28 April he sworn in as Prime Minister.[1]

Chamber of Deputies

Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Pier Luigi Bersani:
Italy. Common Good
Democratic Party8,644,18725.42292
Left Ecology Freedom1,089,4423.2037
Silvio Berlusconi:
Centre-right coalition
The People of Freedom7,332,66721.5697
Lega Nord1,390,1564.0818
Brothers of Italy666,0351.959
Beppe Grillo: Five Star Movement8,689,16825.55108
Mario Monti:
With Monti for Italy
Civic Choice2,824,0018.3037[lower-alpha 1]
Union of the Centre608,1991.788
Antonio Ingroia: Civil Revolution765,1722.250
Oscar Giannino: Act to Stop the Decline380,9371.120


Coalition Party Votes % Seats
Pier Luigi Bersani:
Italy. Common Good
Democratic Party8,400,25527.43105
Left Ecology Freedom912,3742.977
Silvio Berlusconi:
Centre-right coalition
The People of Freedom6,829,37322.3098
Lega Nord1,328,5554.3317
Brothers of Italy590,0831.920
Beppe Grillo: Five Star Movement7,285,85023.7954
Mario Monti: With Monti for Italy2,797,4869.1318
Antonio Ingroia: Civil Revolution549,9871.790

Voter Turnout

Year Voter Turnout Voters Register Voters Population Invalid Votes Compulsory voting
2013 75.‌19% 35,271,541 46,905,154 61,482,297 3.‌59% No
2008 80.‌54% 37,954,253 47,126,326 58,147,733 5.‌10% No
2006 83.‌62% 39,298,497 46,997,601 58,103,033 2.‌90% No
2001 81.‌44% 40,195,500 49,358,947 57,684,294 7.‌20% No
1996 82.‌91% 40,496,438 48,846,238 57,239,000 7.‌80% No
1994 86.‌14% 41,461,260 48,135,041 57,049,000 5.‌90% No
1992 87.‌44% 41,479,764 47,435,964 56,859,000 5.‌40% Yes
1987 88.‌86% 40,599,490 45,689,829 57,345,000 4.‌90% Yes
1983 89.‌02% 39,114,321 43,936,534 56,836,000 5.‌70% Yes
1979 90.‌35% 38,112,228 42,181,664 56,292,000 3.‌90% Yes
1976 93.‌37% 37,741,404 40,423,131 55,701,000 2.‌70% Yes
1972 93.‌18% 34,524,106 37,049,654 54,410,000 3.‌20% Yes
1968 92.‌79% 33,003,249 35,566,681 52,910,000 3.‌60% Yes
1963 92.‌88% 31,766,058 34,201,660 50,498,000 3.‌20% Yes
1958 93.‌72% 30,399,708 32,436,022 49,041,000 2.‌80% Yes
1953 93.‌87% 28,410,851 30,267,080 47,756,000 4.‌30% Yes
1948 92.‌23% 26,854,203 29,117,554 45,706,000 2.‌20% Yes
1946 89.‌08% 24,947,187 28,005,449 44,994,000 7.‌70% Yes

According to an article written in Bloomberg news, voters are tired of the candidates, that is why voter turnout has been drastically reduced since the 1970s, along with the fact that there is no longer a compulsory voting system. The voter turnout in 2013 explains how the people of Italy really feel about the instability of their government.[4][5]

Graph of general election results

This graph shows the results of elections held in Italy from 1946 to today, with the percentages of consensus gathered by the various parties and movements displayed by color. Passing your mouse over the different colored sections will display the name of the grouping and the percentage in the corresponding election. Clicking on a region will direct you to the article on the party or election selected.

Birth of the Italian Republic#Referendum Italian general election, 1946 Italian general election, 1948 Italian general election, 1953 Italian general election, 1958 Italian general election, 1963 Italian general election, 1968 Italian general election, 1972 Italian general election, 1976 Italian general election, 1979 Italian general election, 1983 Italian general election, 1987 Italian general election, 1992 Italian general election, 1994 Italian general election, 1996 Italian general election, 2001 Italian general election, 2006 Italian general election, 2008 Italian general election, 2013 Italian Communist Party 18,93 Italian Socialist Party of Proletary Unity 20,68 Action Party 1,45 Italian Republican Party 4,36 Others Christian Democracy 35,21 National Democratic Union 6,78 National Bloc of Freedom 2,77 Uomo Qualunque Front 5,27 Popular Democratic Front 30,98 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 7,07 Italian Republican Party 2,48 Others Christian Democracy 48,51 National Bloc 3,82 Monarchist National Party 2,78 Italian Social Movement 2,01 Italian Communist Party 22,6 Italian Socialist Party 12,7 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,52 Italian Republican Party 1,62 Christian Democracy 40,1 Italian Liberal Party 3,01 Monarchist National Party 6,85 Italian Social Movement 5,84 Italian Communist Party 22,68 Italian Socialist Party 14,23 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,55 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 42,36 Italian Liberal Party 3,54 People's Monarchist Party 2,63 Monarchist National Party 2,23 Italian Social Movement 4,76 Italian Communist Party 25,26 Italian Socialist Party 13,84 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 6,10 Italian Republican Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 38,29 Italian Liberal Party 6,97 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,75 Italian Social Movement 5,11 Italian Communist Party 26,91 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 4,45 Others Unified Socialist Party 14,48 Italian Republican Party 1,97 Christian Democracy 39,12 Italian Liberal Party 5,82 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,30 Italian Social Movement 4,45 Manifesto 0,67 Italian Communist Party 27,15 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 1,94 Italian Socialist Party 9,61 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 5,14 Italian Republican Party 2,86 Christian Democracy 38,66 Italian Liberal Party 3,88 Italian Social Movement-National Right 8,67 Proletarian Democracy 1,51 Italian Communist Party 34,37 Italian Socialist Party 9,65 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,37 Radical Party 1,07 Italian Republican Party 3,09 Christian Democracy 38,71 Partito Liberale Italiano 1,30 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,11 Proletarian Unity Party 1,37 Italian Communist Party 30,38 Italian Socialist Party 9,81 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,84 Radical Party 3,45 Italian Republican Party 3,03 Christian Democracy 38,30 Italian Liberal Party 1,94 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,26 Proletarian Democracy 1,47 Italian Communist Party 29,89 Italian Socialist Party 11,44 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,09 Radical Party 2,19 Italian Republican Party 5,08 Christian Democracy 32,93 Italian Liberal Party 2,89 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,81 Proletarian Democracy 1,66 Italian Communist Party 26,57 Italian Socialist Party 14,27 Green Lists 2,51 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,96 Radical Party 2,56 Italian Republican Party 3,70 Christian Democracy 34,31 Italian Liberal Party 2,10 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,91 Communist Refoundation Party 5,62 Democratic Party of the Left 16,11 Italian Socialist Party 13,62 Greens 2,79 Others The Net 1,86 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,71 Lista Pannella 1,24 Italian Republican Party 4,39 Christian Democracy 29,66 Lega Nord 8,65 Italian Liberal Party 2,86 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,37 Communist Refoundation Party 6,05 Democratic Party of the Left 20,36 Italian Socialist Party 2,19 Greens 2,70 Democratic Alliance 1,18 The Net 1,86 Others Patto Segni 4,68 Italian People's Party 11,07 Lista Pannella 3,51 Lega Nord 8,36 Forza Italia 21,01 National Alliance 13,47 Communist Refoundation Party 8,6 Democratic Party of the Left 21,1 Greens 2,5 List Dini - Italian Renewal 4,3 Popular for Prodi 6,8 Others Lega Nord 10,1 Lista Pannella - Sgarbi 1,9 CCD - CDU 5,8 CCD - CDU 5,8 Forza Italia 20,6 National Alliance 15,7 Tricolour Flame 0,9 Communist Refoundation Party 5,03 Party of Italian Communists 1,67 Democrats of the Left 16,57 The Daisy 14,52 The Sunflower 2,17 Lista Di Pietro - Italy of Values 3,89 Lista Bonino 2,24 European Democracy 2,39 Others New Italian Socialist Party 0,95 Lega Nord 3,94 Whiteflower 3,22 Forza Italia 29,43 National Alliance 12,02 Tricolour Flame 0,39 Communist Refoundation Party 5,84 Party of Italian Communists 2,31 L'Ulivo 31,27 Greens 2,05 Rose in the Fist 2,59 Italy of Values 2,29 UDEUR Populars 1,39 Others of Union Others Others of House of Freedoms Lega Nord 4,58 Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 6,76 Forza Italia 23,71 National Alliance 12,33 Social Alternative 0,66 Tricolour Flame 0,60 Workers' Communist Party 0,57 Critical Left 0,45 The Left – The Rainbow 3,08 Democratic Party 33,17 Italy of Values 4,37 Socialist Party 0,97 Others Union of the Centre 5,62 Movement for Autonomy - Alliance for the South 1,12 Lega Nord 8,29 The People of Freedom 37,38 The Right–Tricolour Flame 2,428 Democratic Party 25,52 The People of Freedom 21,37Graph of Italian general elections
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Past elections and referendums

Presidential appointment


Main article: Referendums in Italy

The constitution of Italy provides for two kinds of binding referendums.

A legislative referendum can be called in order to abrogate a law totally or partially, if requested by 500,000 electors or five regional councils. This kind of referendum is valid only if at least a majority of electors goes to the polling station. It is forbidden to call a referendum regarding financial laws or laws relating to pardons or the ratification of international treaties.

A constitutional referendum can be called in order to approve a constitutional law or amendment only when it has been approved by the Houses (Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic) with a majority of less than two thirds in both or either House, and only at the request of one fifth of the members of either House, or 500,000 electors or five Regional Councils. A constitutional referendum is valid no matter how many electors go to the polling station. Any citizen entitled to vote in an election to the Chamber of Deputies may participate in a referendum.

See also


  1. Incl. the Union for Trentino (UPT) party leader Lorenzo Dellai, who decided not to submit his own party list for the Monti-coalition, but opted to be a direct part of the Civic Choice list.[2][3]
  1. Frye, Andrew (24 April 2013). "Letta Named Italian Prime Minister as Political Gridlock Eases". Bloomberg.
  2. "List Monti in Trentino: Lorenzo Dellai and candidates from Societa' Civile" (in Italian). l'Adige. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  3. "Regional elections, the idea of coalition wins" (in Italian). l'Adige. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  4. Frye, Andrew. "Italy Voters Stay Home as Turnout on Pace for Post-WWII Low". Bloomberg.Com. Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  5. "World Development Indicators". Databank.Worldbank.Org. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
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