Politics of Umbria
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politics and government of
The Politics of Umbria, one of the twenty regions of Italy, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Assembly of Umbria, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Cabinet led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute, which regulates the functioning of regional institutions, has been in force since 2005.
After World War II Umbria became a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party. The Communists and their successors (the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democrats of the Left and finally the Democratic Party) have governed the region since 1970.
The Regional Assembly of Umbria (Assemblea Regionale dell'Umbria) is composed of 30 members. 24 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 6 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 3 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 26. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the ministers or assessors (Assessori), who are currently five, including a Vice President.
List of Presidents
|Name||Term of office||Political Party||Legislature|
|1||Pietro Conti||1970||1975||PCI||I (1970)|
|6||Bruno Bracalente||24 April 1995||16 April 2000||PDS/DS||VI (1995)|
|7||Maria Rita Lorenzetti||16 April 2000||3 April 2005||DS/PD||VII (2000)|
|3 April 2005||30 March 2010||VIII (2005)|
|8||Catiuscia Marini||30 March 2010||1 June 2015||PD||IX (2010)|
|1 June 2015||incumbent||X (2015)|
|Perugia||671,821||Nando Mismetti||Democratic Party||2014|
|Terni||234,665||Leopoldo De Girolamo||Democratic Party||2014|
|Perugia||168,169||Andrea Romizi||Forza Italia||2014|
|Terni||113,324||Leopoldo De Girolamo||Democratic Party||2014|
|Foligno||58,162||Nando Mismetti||Democratic Party||2014|
|Città di Castello||40,567||Luciano Bacchetta||Italian Socialist Party||2016|
|Spoleto||39,574||Fabrizio Cardarelli||New Centre-Right||2014|
|Gubbio||32,998||Filippo Mario Stirati||Left Ecology Freedom||2014|
|Assisi||28,143||Stefania Proietti||Democratic Party||2016|
|Bastia Umbra||21,874||Stefano Ansideri||Forza Italia||2014|
|Corciano||21,332||Cristian Betti||Democratic Party||2013|
|Orvieto||21,130||Giuseppe Germani||Democratic Party||2014|
Parties and elections
Latest regional election
In the latest regional election, which took place on 31 May 2015, Catiuscia Marini of the Democratic Party (PD) was narrowly re-elected President over the joint-centre-right candidate, Claudio Ricci. The PD was by far the largest party, while the Five Star Movement and Lega Nord Umbria had a breakthrough.
|Candidates & parties||votes||votes (%)||seats|
|Left Ecology Freedom||8,330||2.56||1|
|Civic and Popular (List)||5.172||1.47||-|
|Lega Nord Umbria||49,203||13.99||2|
|Brothers of Italy||21,931||6.23||1|
|Change in Umbria (incl. SC)||9,374||2.66||-|
|For Popular Umbria (incl. NCD, UdC)||9,285||2.64||-|
|Five Star Movement||51,203||14.55||1|
|Umbria for Another Europe (incl. PRC)||5,561||1.58||-|
|Simone Di Stefano||2,457||0.65||–|
|Amato John De Paulis||2,155||0.57||–|
|Workers' Communist Party||1,662||0.47||-|
|Fulvio Carlo Maiorca||1,304||0.34||–|
Source: Ministry of the Interior