List of Nuragic tribes

Nuragic tribes according to the Greek geographer Ptolemy
Ancient tribes of Corsica
Ancient tribes of Sardinia.

This is a list of Nuragic tribes, listed in order of the province (Roman province) or the general area in which they lived. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

Before the Roman conquest in the 3rd century BC, the islands of Corsica and Sardinia were inhabited by three main peoples or ethnic groups, the Corsi, the Balares, and the Ilienses or Iolei, each of them divided into several tribes. With the Roman conquest, the province of Corsica and Sardinia was created, becoming the second province of the Roman Republic to be created after that of Sicily.

The ethnic and linguistic affiliation of the Nuragic people and tribes remains to be further studied. Current knowledge indicates that they may have been related to the Iberians and the Aquitanians, these peoples were Pre-Indo-Europeans and spoke Pre-Indo-European languages: Aquitanian (the ancestor of modern Basque) and Iberian. There is also the possibility that the Nuragic peoples may have been related to the Etruscans and other Tyrsenian peoples and languages.[1] Because of this, the Nuragic peoples and their languages may also have been Pre-Indo-European.

Nuragic peoples and tribes are the ancestors of most present-day native Sardinians[2] and Corsicans, and their language or languages, like Paleo-Sardinian, are the substrate of the modern Sardinian and Corsican languages (both pertaining to the Neo-Latin branch). One of the Sea Peoples (the Shardana or Sherden) may have been either a population hailing from Sardinia or a group of tribes that migrated to the island in classical antiquity.

If the Corsi, dwelling in Corsica and in the northenmost tip of Sardinia, were a Ligurian people and a group of tribes (they probably were an Indo-European people related to the Celts), then they would have been of a different ethnic and linguistic affiliation from the majority of the tribes of Sardinia. Because of this, “Nuragic” may be seen as a geographical and historical generic name for different peoples and languages of different origins, rather than indicating a single origin.

Corsica et Sardinia

Corsica and Far North-East Sardinia


See also


  1. La lingua dei Sardi Nuragici e degli Etruschi - Massimo Pittau
  2. Massimo Pittau, La lingua sardiana o dei protosardi, Cagliari, 2001


External links

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