Politics of Campania
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politics and government of
The Politics of Campania, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently eight, including a Vice President, all appointed by the President.
List of Presidents
|Presidents of Campania|
|Carlo Leone||DC||1970–1971||I Legislature|
|Nicola Mancino||DC||1971–1972||I Legislature|
|Alberto Servidio||DC||1972–1973||I Legislature|
|Vittorio Cascetta||DC||1973–1975||I Legislature|
|Nicola Mancino||DC||1975–1976||II Legislature|
|Gaspare Russo||DC||1976–1979||II Legislature|
|Ciro Cirillo||DC||1979–1980||II Legislature|
|Emilio De Feo||DC||1980–1983||III Legislature|
|Antonio Fantini||DC||1983–1985||III Legislature|
|Antonio Fantini||DC||1985–1989||IV Legislature|
|Ferdinando Clemente||DC||1989–1990||IV Legislature|
|Ferdinando Clemente||DC||1990–1993||V Legislature|
|Giovanni Grasso||DC/PPI||1993–1995||V Legislature|
|Antonio Rastrelli||AN||1995–1999||VI Legislature|
|Andrea Losco||UDEUR||1999–2000||VI Legislature|
|Antonio Bassolino||DS||2000–2005||VII Legislature|
|Antonio Bassolino||DS/PD||2005–2010||VIII Legislature|
|Stefano Caldoro||PdL/FI||2010–2015||IX Legislature|
|Vincenzo De Luca||PD||2015–||X Legislature|
The Regional Council of Campania (Consiglio Regionale della Campania) is composed of 60 members. 48 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 12 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 6 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 54. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.