Elections in Veneto

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This page gathers the results of elections in Veneto.

Veneto has always been characterised by the big role played by the Catholic Church and centrist politics, but was also an early stronghold of the Radical Party and the Italian Socialist Party.[1] In 1919, in the first election with male universal suffrage, the Catholic-inspired Italian People's Party won 42.6% of the vote and the Italian Socialist Party 36.2%.[2]

After World War II, Veneto was a stronghold of Christian Democracy, which was by far the largest party, successively won all the elections from 1946 to 1992 and continuously held the helm of the Regional Government from its establishment in 1970 to 1993. In 1994 the party was disbanded and its main successor, the new Italian People's Party, was much weaker.

In the 1980s Veneto saw the rise of Venetian nationalism and Liga Veneta, a regionalist party which was a founding member of Lega Nord in 1991. Liga Veneta almost replaced Christian Democracy in its heartlands, but was not initially able to gain regional power. In fact, since 1995, Christian Democracy's hegemony was replaced by that of the centre-right Pole/House of Freedoms coalition and especially Forza Italia, whose regional leader Giancarlo Galan was President of Veneto for 15 years.

After a decline in term of votes and a resurgence, in 2010 Liga Veneta gained control of the Regional Government with Luca Zaia as President and the support of The People of Freedom, a broad centre-right party resulted from the merger of Forza Italia and National Alliance. Liga Veneta and Zaia were confirmed in 2015, with a more coehsive majority.

Electoral history

The provincial breakdown of selected election results is shown in the tables below. Only parties above 5% are included.

1946 general election

The 1946 general election was the first after the return of democracy. Christian Democracy (DC) was by far the largest party (49.5%) and was especially strong in the provinces of Vicenza (61.1%), Padua (55.7%) and Treviso (53.5%). The Italian Socialist Party (PSI) came second (26.7%) and was stronger in the provinces of Rovigo (35.7%), Verona (33.3%) and Belluno (28.7%). The Italian Communist Party (PCI) was a distant third (13.6%), but came second in Rovigo (28.5%), where the parties of the left gained a large majority (56.5%). Rovigo, the southernmost province, was influenced by nearby "red" Emilia-Romagna.


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1948 general election

The 1948 general election was a triumph for DC, which won a thumping 60.5% throughout Veneto. The party did better in its traditional strongholds, Vicenza (71.8%), Padua (65.4%) and Treviso (64.9%). The PSI and the PCI, united in the Popular Democratic Front (FDP), won a mere 23.9% of the vote. Apart from Rovigo, where the FDP gained 48.2%, many Socialist votes went to DC and the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI), an outfit formed by those Socialists who opposed the alliance with the Communists. The PSDI garnered 10.1% of the vote at the regional level and was stronger in Belluno (15.9%), Treviso (12.6%) and Verona (10.1%).


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1953 general election

In the 1953 general election DC lost some ground, however gaining a convincing 53.4% of the vote (62.2% in Vicenza, 59.9% in Treviso and 59.6% in Padua). The PSI and the PCI ran separate lists, gaining 14.6 and 14.2% of the vote. Veneto was thus one of the few regions of Italy where the Socialists were stronger than the PCI, even without counting the PSDI (5.6%). The PSI got its best results in the provinces of Venice (21.6%), Rovigo (19.8%) and Verona (18.2%), but not in the traditional Socialist stronghold of Belluno, where it was passed by the PSDI (12.3 against 11.0%). The PCI was stronger in Rovigo (28.2%) and Venice (19.7%).


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1970 regional election

Election results were quite stable for four decades. In the 1970 regional election, the first after the establishment of Veneto as a Region, DC was by far the largest party with 51.8%. As usual, its strongholds included the provinces of Vicenza (64.2%), Padua (56.3%) and Treviso (56.0%). Up to that time the PCI had passed the PSI as second largest party: in 1970 the former garnered 16.8%, the second 10.4% and the PSDI 7.6%. Rovigo was the most left-wing province (the sum of PCI and PSI was 42.3%), followed by Venice (39.2%), and Belluno the most Socialist one (the sum of PSDI and PSI was 27.9%), followed by Treviso (20.6%).


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1990 regional election

Since 1980 DC experienced a steady decline in term of votes, largely due to the rise of Liga Veneta (LV) and other Venetist parties. In the 1990 regional election DC was still the largest party of Veneto (42.4%), but suffered the competition of the LV in its heartlands. Venetist parties were fairly strong in Vicenza (11.4%) and Verona (10.8%), while the PSI and the PCI retained their strongholds (Belluno with 23.8% and Rovigo with 29.0%, respectively). Both Rovigo and Venice had PCI–PSI majorities.


* = Including UPV
Source: Regional Council of Veneto.

1992 general election

The 1992 general election was a realigning one in Italy, due to the rise of Lega Nord, a federation of northern regionalist parties of which the LV was a founding member. The realignment was especially visible in Veneto where DC, though still being the largest party, lost almost a third of its voters between 1990 and 1992, stopping at 31.5%. The LV gained ground in the Pedemontana, that is to say the provinces at the feet of the mountains, most of which had long been DC's heartlands: 21.5% in Treviso, 20.6% in Verona and 19.5% in Vicenza. In Belluno the LV became the largest party with 27.8%, by reducing the vote of DC and halving that of the PSI. The total score of Venetist parties was 31.8% in Vicenza, 29.3% in Treviso, 27.2% in Verona and 22.9% in Padua. The PDS got just 9.9% regionally, fairly less than the PCI in 1990.


Ven. = Other Venetists, including LAV, UPV and MVRA.
Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1994 general election

The 1994 general election marked a full-scale realignment in Venetian electoral politics. In 1993–1994 the Tangentopoli scandals led to the disappearance of the main government parties, including DC and the PSI, while the PCI was transformed into the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS). The DC successor, the Italian People's Party (PPI), was not able to retain the votes of its predecessor, which were largely absorbed by the LV and Forza Italia, the new party launched by entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi.

In a highly fragmented party system, FI came first with 23.6%, the LV second with 21.6% and the PPI (along with Patto Segni, a small centrist ally) third with 20.2%. Curiously enough FI was stronger in a centre-left province, Venice (26.7%), while the LV did better in Belluno (32.4%) and in formerly DC's heartlands, Treviso (28.5%) and Vicenza (28.1%). In Padua the PPI and Patto Segni got 23.7% together, slightly behind FI (24.1%). The PCI slightly improved its performance to 12.1%. Under the new voting system, the FI–LV coalition won 37 seats out of 50 for the Chamber (36 out of 37 in single-seat districts).


* = Including Patto Segni.
Source: Regional Council of Veneto

1996 general election

The 1996 general election saw a huge success of the LV, which was by far the largest party with 29.2%. As usual, the party was especially strong in the mountains and the Pedemontana: Belluno (41.4%), Treviso (41.4%), Vicenza (36.1%) and Verona (25.7%). FI was a distant second with 17.1%, the PDS third with 11.8%, National Alliance (AN) fourth with 11.7% and the PPI fifth with 8.1%. The PDS was the largest party in Rovigo (21.3%), while AN proved particularly strong in Verona (14.7%), Padua (13.7%) and Rovigo (13.7%). Padua was the province where the PPI scored better (9.6%).


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

2000 regional election

The 2000 regional election was the heyday for FI, which replaced the LV as Veneto's largest party with 30.4% and did particularly well in Vicenza (31.8%), Belluno (31.7%) and Verona (31.4%). The LV got a poor 12.0%, due to some damaging splits and a big swing of Venetist votes to FI. A centrist federation, including the PPI, gained 13.6%, the Democrats of the Left (DS) 12.3%, AN 9.8% and the Christian democrats (CDU and CCD) 6.8%.


* = Including CCD.
Source: Regional Council of Veneto

2005 regional election

The 2005 regional election saw a comeback of Venetist parties: the LV won 14.7% of the vote, while brand new North-East Project got 5.5%. Both were especially strong in Treviso, which proved again to be a Venetist stronghold: 23.1 and 15.6%, respectively. FI was reduced to 22.7% and was no longer Veneto's largest party, as it was passed by The Olive Tree (including the DS and the successor of the PPI, DL) and its allies, which got 29.0% regionally. AN gained 8.1% and the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC), resulted from the merger of CDU and CCD, 6.4%. Padua was again the province were post-DC parties did better: FI 25.3% and UDC 9.2%.


* = Including For Veneto with Carraro.
Source: Regional Council of Veneto

2010 regional election

The 2010 regional election concluded a realignment started with the 2008 general election, under which the LV returned to be Veneto's largest party. With 35.2% of the votes it was also the first party in two decades to gain more than 30%. The party got a thumping 48.5% in Treviso, 38.1% in Vicenza, 36.1% in Verona, 32.8% in Belluno and 31.4% in Padua. In these five provinces the LV was by far the largest party. The People of Freedom (PdL), result of the merger of FI with AN, came second with 24.7% and the Democratic Party (PD), result of the merger of the DS with DL, third with 20.3%.


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

2013 general election

The 2013 general election saw the rise of the Five Star Movement (M5S), a protest party which attracted disillusioned voters from all the major parties, in Veneto especially from the LV. In a very fragmented political landscape. M5S won 26.3% in the region, ahead of the PD (21.3%), the PdL (18.7%), the LV (10.5%) and Civic Choice (SC, 10.1%). The future will tell whether the 2013 election has constituted a realigning election or just a deviating one.


Source: Regional Council of Veneto

2015 regional election

The 2015 regional election were a triumph for the LV, which obtained an unprecedented 40.9% of the vote (combined result of official party list and President Luca Zaia's personal list, 17.8% and 23.1%, respectively). The LV, which was the first party in 25 years to get more than 40% of the vote, was stronger in Treviso, where it gained a landslide 53.8% of the vote. The PD won 20.5% (combined result of official party list and Alessandra Moretti's personal list, 16.7% and 3.8%, respectively), the Tosi List for Veneto, a splinter group from the LV, 7.1% (combined results of two lists named after Flavio Tosi, 5.7% and 1.4%, respectively), Venetist parties, notably including Independence We Veneto (2.7%) and Venetian Independence (2.5%), 6.3%, and Forza Italia, the latest reincarnation of FI/PdL, a mere 6.0%.


Ven. = Other Venetists, including NVI, IV, UNE, PVA and VSC.
Source: Regional Council of Veneto

Regional elections

The President of Veneto is elected directly by the people every five years. Also the Regional Council is elected every five years, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, the Council is dissolved and fresh elections are called. The Council is composed of 51 members, of which 49 are elected in provincial constituencies with proportional representation, while the remaining two are the elected President and the candidate for President who comes second.[3][4][5]

Latest regional election

The latest regional election took place on 31 May 2015.

Luca Zaia of Liga VenetaLega Nord was re-elected President by a landslide 50.1% of the vote. Liga Veneta, which ran an official party list and a list named after Zaia, was confirmed the largest in the region with 40.9%. The Democratic Party came second with 20.5% (combined result of official party list and Alessandra Moretti's personal list) and the Five Star Movement third with 10.4%. The total score of Venetist parties was 54.3%, the highest ever.

Candidates Regional lists Provincial lists Total
votes % seats Parties votes % swing seats party group
Luca Zaia 1,108,065 50.1 1 Zaia President 427,363 23.1 new 13 13 29
Liga VenetaLega Nord 329,966 17.8 -17.4 10 11
Forza Italia 110,573 6.0 -18.7 3 3
Independence We Veneto 49,929 2.7 +2.3 1 1
Brothers of Italy 48,163 2.6 new 1 1
Alessandra Moretti 503,147 22.7 1 Democratic Party 308,438 16.7 -3.6 8 9 12
Moretti President 70,764 3.8 new 2 2
Civic Veneto (incl. PSI, SC and IdV) 26,903 1.5 new 1 1
New Veneto (incl. SEL, FdV and SV) 20,282 1.1 new - -
Autonomous Veneto Project 6,242 0.3 +0.1 - -
Jacopo Berti 262,749 11.9 - Five Star Movement 192,630 10.4 +7.8 5 5 5
Flavio Tosi 262,569 11.9 - Tosi List for Veneto 105,836 5.7 new 3 3 5
Popular Area (incl. NCD and UdC) 37,937 2.0 -2.9 1 1
Il Veneto del Fare (Tosi List) 26,119 1.4 new 1 1
Pensioners' Party 14,625 0.8 new - -
North-East Union 11,173 0.6 -1.0 - -
Veneto Confederal State 3,487 0.2 new - -
Alessio Morosin 55,760 2.5 - Venetian Independence 46,578 2.5 +2.2 - - -
Laura Coletti 19,914 0.9 - The Other Veneto (incl. PRC) 13,997 0.8 -0.8 - - -
Total candidates 2,212,204 100.00 2 Total parties 1,851,005 100.00 = 49 51 51

Source: Regional Council of Veneto

List of previous regional elections

Italian general elections in Veneto

Latest general election

The election was won in Veneto by the centre-right coalition between The People of Freedom and Lega Nord (31.8%), which by the way lost almost a half of its electorate from 2008. The Five Star Movement was the largest party with 26.3%, followed by the Democratic Party (21.3%) and The People of Freedom (18.7%). Lega Nord, the party of President Luca Zaia, fell from 27.1% to 10.5%. Despite coming third in Veneto, the centre-left coalition led by the Democratic Party obtained the most Chamber seats due to the national majority premium, while the centre-right won the regional majority premium in the Senate race.

Chamber of Deputies

Coalition leaders votes votes (%) seats Parties votes votes (%) seats
Silvio Berlusconi 935,404 31.8 12 The People of Freedom 549,692 18.7 7
Lega Nord 310,173 10.5 5
Brothers of Italy 44,383 1.5 -
Pensioners' Party 14,474 0.5 -
Others 16,682 0.5 -
Beppe Grillo 775,862 26.3 10 Five Star Movement 775,862 26.3 10
Pier Luigi Bersani 686,970 23.3 24 Democratic Party 628,384 21.3 22
Left Ecology Freedom 53,043 1.8 2
Others 5,543 0.2 -
Mario Monti 349,353 11.9 5 Civic Choice 296,920 10.1 4
Union of the Centre 44,622 1.5 1
Others 7,811 0.3 -
Oscar Giannino 67,082 2.3 - Act to Stop the Decline 67,082 2.3 -
Antonio Ingroia 39,608 1.3 - Civil Revolution 39,608 1.3 -
Lodovico Pizzati 33,274 1.1 - Venetian Independence 33,274 1.1 -
Fabrizio Comencini 15,838 0.5 - Liga Veneta Repubblica 15,838 0.5 -
Others 41,318 1.4 - Others 41,318 1.4 -
Total coalitions 2,944,710 100.0 51 Total parties 2,944,710 100.0 51

Source: Regional Council of Veneto


Coalition leaders votes votes (%) seats Parties votes votes (%) seats
Silvio Berlusconi 895,425 32.8 14 The People of Freedom 523,029 19.2 9
Lega Nord 298,412 11.0 5
Brothers of Italy 38,511 1.4 -
Pensioners' Party 20,631 0.8 -
Others 14,842 0.5 -
Pier Luigi Bersani 681,501 25.0 4 Democratic Party 633,311 23.2 4
Left Ecology Freedom 42,635 1.6 -
Others 5,555 0.2 -
Beppe Grillo 670,089 24.6 4 Five Star Movement 670,089 24.6 4
Mario Monti 299,906 11.0 2 With Monti for Italy 299,906 11.0 2
Oscar Giannino 50,497 1.9 - Act to Stop the Decline 50,497 1.9 -
Lodovico Pizzati 29,696 1.1 - Venetian Independence 29,696 1.1 -
Antonio Ingroia 27,576 1.0 - Civil Revolution 27,576 1.0 -
Fabrizio Comencini 20,381 0.7 - Liga Veneta Repubblica 20,381 0.7 -
Others 48,953 1.8 - Others 48,953 1.8 -
Total coalitions 2,724,024 100.0 24 Total parties 2,724,024 100.0 24

Source: Regional Council of Veneto

List of previous general elections

European Parliament elections in Veneto

Latest European Parliament election

The European Parliament election of 2014 took place in Italy on 25 May 2014. In Veneto the Democratic Party came largely ahead with 37.5% of the vote, followed by the Five Star Movement, distant second at 19.9%. Among the parties of the governing coalition in the region, Lega Nord came first with 15.2% of the vote, followed by Forza Italia (14.7%) and the New Centre-Right (3.5), which ran in a joint list with the Union of the Centre. The centre-right's tally, including also Brothers of Italy (3.3%), was 36.7%: it was the first time ever that the centre-left topped the centre-right in a regionwide election.[6]

Party Votes %
Democratic Party 899,723 37.5
Five Star Movement 476,305 19.9
Lega Nord 364,477 15.2
Forza Italia 352,788 14.7
New Centre-Right – Union of the Centre 83,859 3.5
Brothers of Italy 79,503 3.3
The Other Europe 65,821 2.7
Green Italy – European Greens 24,719 1.0
European Choice 20,594 0.9
South Tyrolean People's Party 13,459 0.6
Italy of Values 11,302 0.5
I ChangeMAIE 5,194 0.2
Total 2,397,744 100.00

Source: Ministry of the Interior

List of previous European Parliament elections

Provincial elections in Veneto

2007 provincial elections

House of Freedoms (incl. Lega Nord) The Union VPPE, DC, LVR, etc. Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Vicenza Attilio Schneck
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
60.0% - Pietro Collareda
(Democracy is Freedom)
17.2% - Giorgio Carollo
(Veneto for the EPP)
9.9% - 13.0%

Source: La Repubblica

2009 provincial elections

The People of Freedom & Lega Nord Democratic Party and allies Union of the Centre Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Belluno Gianpaolo Bottacin
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
47.1% 51.1% Sergio Reolon
(Democratic Party)
41.2% 48.9% Luigi De Cesero
(Union of the Centre)
8.0% - 3.7%
Padua Barbara Degani
(The People of Freedom)
53.9% - Antonio Albuzio
(Italy of Values)
30.6% - Antonio De Poli
(Union of the Centre)
11.3% - 4.2%
Rovigo Antonello Contiero
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
48.7% 47.7% Tiziana Virgili
(Democratic Party)
36.7% 52.3% Michele Raisi
(Union of the Centre)
6.2% - 8.3%
Venice Francesca Zaccariotto
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
48.4% 51.9% Davide Zoggia
(Democratic Party)
41.9% 48.1% Ugo Bergamo
(Union of the Centre)
5.6% - 4.1%
Verona Giovanni Miozzi
(The People of Freedom)
59.1% - Diego Zardini
(Democratic Party)
23.3% - Mario Rossi
(Union of the Centre)
8.4% - 9.2%

Source: La Repubblica

2011 provincial elections

The People of Freedom & Lega Nord Democratic Party and allies Union of the Centre & North-East Union Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Treviso Leonardo Muraro
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
57.5% - Floriana Casellato
(Democratic Party)
32.9% - Marco Zabotti
(Union of the Centre)
6.8% - 2.8%

Source: Ministry of the Interior

2014 provicial elections

Province Candidate Party Coalition Vote %
Belluno Daniela Larese Italian Socialist Party PD, LV, FI, NCD, UdC, PSI, FdI, others 73,538 100.0
Total 73,538 100.0
Sources: Province of Belluno, Corriere delle Alpi
Padua Enoch Soranzo Independent (Liga Veneta) PD, LV–faction, FI–faction, NCD, UdC, PSI, others 46,313 54.8
Massimiliano Barison Forza Italia LV–faction, FI–faction, FdI, others 38,181 45.2
Total 84,494 100.0
Sources: Province of Padua, Corriere del Veneto, Il Mattino di Padova
Rovigo Marco Trombini Forza Italia FI, LV, FdI, others 45,322 51.4
Nicola Garbellini Democratic Party PD, NCD, UdC, PSI, others 42,787 48.6
Total 88,109 100.0
Sources: Province of Rovigo, Corriere del Veneto, RovigoOggi.it
Verona Antonio Pastorello Forza Italia FI–majority, LV, Tosi List, NCD, FdI, FP, others 47,166 51.5
Giovanni Peretti Union of the Centre PD, FI–minority, UdC, PSI, others 44,437 48.5
Total 91,603 100.0
Sources: Province of Verona, Corriere del Veneto, L'Arena
Vicenza Achille Variati Democratic Party PD, FI, NCD, UdC, PSI, others 52,288 63.7
Milena Cecchetto Liga Veneta LV, FdI, others 29,741 36.3
Total 82,029 100.0
Sources: Province of Vicenza, Corriere del Veneto, Il Giornale di Vicenza, VicenzaReport

Municipal elections in Veneto

2012 municipal elections

Lega Nord The People of Freedom Democratic Party & allies Five Star Movement Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Verona Flavio Tosi
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
57.3% - Luigi Castelletti
(The People of Freedom)
8.9% - Michele Bertucco
(Democratic Party)
22.7% - Gianni Benciolini
(Five Star Movement)
9.3% - 1.8%

Source: La Repubblica

2013 municipal elections

Lega Nord & The People of Freedom Democratic Party & allies Five Star Movement Local list & Civic Choice Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Treviso Giancarlo Gentilini
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
35.8% 44.5% Giovanni Manildo
(Democratic Party)
42.5% 55.5% Alessandro Gnocchi
(Five Star Movement)
6.9% - Massimo Zanetti
10.6% - 5.1%
Vicenza Manuela Dal Lago
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
27.4% Achille Variati
(Democratic Party)
53.5% Liliana Zaltron
(Five Star Movement)
6.5% - 12.6%

Source: La Repubblica

2014 municipal elections

Lega Nord & Forza Italia Democratic Party & allies Local list & New Centre-Right Padua2020 (local list) Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Padua Massimo Bitonci
(Liga VenetaLega Nord)
31.4% 53.5% Ivo Rossi
(Democratic Party)
33.8% 46.5% Maurizio Saia
10.6% with Bitonci Francesco Fiore
(Padua2020, Green Italy)
9.9% with Rossi 14.3%

Source: La Repubblica

2015 municipal elections

Local list & Forza Italia Democratic Party & allies Five Star Movement Lega Nord Others
candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round candidate 1st round 2nd round 1st round
Venice Luigi Brugnaro
28.6% 53.2% Felice Casson
(Democratic Party)
38.0% 46.8% Davide Scano
(Five Star Movement)
12.6% - Gian Angelo Bellati
11.9% with Brugnaro 8.9%

Source: La Repubblica


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