Dutch monarchs family tree

The Princes of Orange

The following is a family tree for the Princes of Orange, a line which culminated in the Dutch monarchy with the accession of Prince William VI to the newly created throne of the Netherlands in 1815. Dates given are those of birth and death; for Princes of Orange (shown in bold), the intermediate date is the date of accession to the Princedom. By virtue of his marriage to Mary II of England, Prince William III, himself a grandson of Charles I of England, became King of England 1689–1702 (jointly with Mary II until her death in 1694) following the overthrow of his uncle and father-in-law James II of England in the Glorious Revolution. The family lineage is of note as John William Friso is the most recent common ancestor of all the current monarchs of Europe.

John V of Nassau-Dillenburg
m. Elizabeth of Hesse
Claudia of Châlon
Henry III of Nassau-Breda
William the Rich
m.(2) Juliana of Stolberg
6 others
René of Châlon
m. Anna of Lorraine
William I the Silent
married 4 times, 15 children
John VI the Elder
m.(1) Elisabeth of Leuchtenberg
Philip William
m. Eleonora, dau. of Henri I de Condé
Frederick Henry
m. Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
Ernest Casimir
m. Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg
William II
m. Mary, dau. of Charles I of England
7 othersAlbertine Agnes
William Frederick
William III
1650–1650-(Eng 1689)–1702
m. Mary II of England
Henry Casimir II
m. Henriette Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau
m. John William III of Saxe-Eisenach
John William Friso
m. Marie Luise of Hesse-Kassel
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
m. Friedrich of Baden-Durlach
William IV
m. Anne, dau. of George II of England
2 stillborn
1 died in infancy
m. Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg
William V
m. Wilhelmina of Prussia
2 died in infancyFrederika Luise Wilhelmina
m. Prince Karl of Braunschweig
William VI (King William I)
1772–1806-(King 1815-40)–1843
m. Wilhelmine of Prussia
Willem Georg Frederik

Kings and Queens of the Netherlands

This summary genealogical tree shows how the current Royal house of Orange-Nassau is related:

A summary family tree of the House of Orange-Nassau [1] from the joining of the house of Nassau-Breda/Dillenburg and the House of Châlon-Arlay-Orange to the end of the Dutch Republic is shown below. The family spawned many famous statesmen and generals, including two of the acknowledged "first captains of their age", Maurice of Nassau and the Marshal de Turenne.

John V Count of Nassau-Dietz, 1455-1516, Stadholder of Gelderland

John IV Prince of Orange, 1475-1502

William the Rich Count of Nassau-Dillenburg 1487- 1559

Henry III Count of Nassau-Breda 1483-1538

Claudia of Châlon 1498–1521
Philibert of Châlon, Prince of Orange, 1502-1530
William I "the Silent" 1533-1584, Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht, assassinated by Spanish agent

Louis 1538–1574 died in battle against Spain
Adolf 1540–1568, died in battle against Spain
Henry 1550-1574 died in battle against Spain
John VI "the Elder" 1535–1606, Stadholder of Gelderland
René of Châlon 1519–1544, Prince of Orange,1521

Philip William 1554–1618, Prince of Orange, 1584

Maurice 1567–1625, Prince of Orange,1618, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, etc.

Frederick Henry 1584–1647, Prince of Orange, 1625, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.

Louise Juliana 1576-1644 married Frederick IV Elector Palatine from whom the British royal family descends
Elisabeth 1577-1642 married Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon
Justinus van Nassau (1559 – 1631)
Admiral & General, Gov of Breda 1601-1625
William Louis "Us Heit", Count of Nassau-Dillenburg 1560–1620, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
Ernst Casimir, Count of Nassau-Dietz 1573–1632, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
John VII "the Middle", Count of Nassau-Siegen, 1561–1623
William of Nassau (1601–1627), lord of de Lek
Louis of Nassau, Lord of De Lek and Beverweerd (1602– 1665)
Frederick V, Elector Palatine, 1610 & King of Bohemia 1619-21
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne & Marshal-General of France 1611-1675
Charles I, King of England 1625-1649
Charles II
William II 1626-1650,Prince of Orange & Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, 1647

Mary,Princess Royal

James II

Louise Henriette (1627-1667) married Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg descendants were Kings of Prussia and later German Emperors
Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein (1608–1672)
general of the army, descendants were the Earls of Rochford in England
Albertine Agnes(1634– 1696)
William Frederick,1613-1664 Count later Prince of Nassau-Dietz,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
Henry Casimir I Count of Nassau-Dietz,1612–1640,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
John Maurice "the Brazilian", Prince of Nassau-Siegen,1604–1679,gov. of Dutch Brazil, Field Marshal of the Dutch Army
William III 1650-1702,Prince of Orange 1650, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, 1672, King of England, 1689

Mary II of England

ceded claims to the lands of Orange to France in 1713, but kept right to use the title in its German form: currently Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, "Prinz von Oranien"
Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz,1657-1696,Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
John William Friso 1687-1711, appointed heir by William III, Prince of Orange, 1702, Stadholder of Friesland 1696

Anne, Princess Royal of England
William IV 1711–1751, Prince of Orange, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc. 1747

Wilhelmina of Prussia
William V 1748–1806, Prince of Orange,1751 Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc. 1751-1795

Carolina 1743–1787
Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, 1735-1788
Princess Louise of Orange-Nassau, 1770– 1819 married Karl, Hereditary Prince of Braunschweig(-Wolfenbuttel), son of Princess Augusta of Great Britain
Prince Frederick of Orange-Nassau, 1774–1799 an Austrian General, no issue
William VI, Fürst of Nassau-Orange-Fulda 1803–1806, Fürst of Nassau-Orange, Prince of Orange 1806
William I, King of the Netherlands 1815

Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, 1768-1816
Royal Family of the Netherlands, see next table below
William, Duke of Nassau, 1792-1839
Adolphe 1817–1905, Duke of Nassau 1839-1866,Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1890-1905
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
William I, 1772-1843, King of the Netherlands, 1815-1840

Wilhelmina of Prussia
William II, 1792-1849, King of the Netherlands, 1840

Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, 1797-1881

Princess Pauline of Orange-Nassau, 1800-1806
Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, 1810-1883

married Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872)
Emma of Waldeck-Pyrmont
William III, 1817-1890, King of the Netherlands, 1849

Sophia of Württemberg
Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, 1818–1848
Prince Henry of the Netherlands, "the Navigator" 1820–1879
Princess Sophie of the Netherlands, 1824–1897 married Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Princess Louise of the Netherlands,1828–1871 married Charles XV of Sweden
Princess Marie of the Netherlands, 1841-1910 married William, Prince of Wied one son was William, Prince of Albania
Wilhelmina, 1880-1962, Queen of the Netherlands, 1890-1948

To 1907 after 1907
Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1876-1934, Prince of the Netherlands

William, Prince of Orange 1840-1879

Prince Maurice of the Netherlands1843-1850
Alexander, Prince of Orange, 1851-1884

Juliana 1909-2004, Queen of the Netherlands, 1948-1980

Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince of the Netherlands 1911-2004

Beatrix,1938-, Queen of the Netherlands,1980-2013

Claus van Amsberg,1926-2002, Prince of the Netherlands

Princess Irene of the Netherlands, 1939, m.(1964–1981) Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma, 4 children not eligible for throne
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, 1943-

Pieter van Vollenhoven
Princess Christina of the Netherlands,1947, m. Jorge Pérez y Guillermo (m. 1975; div. 1996), 3 children not eligible for throne
William-Alexander of the Netherlands,1967-

Prince of Orange & Heir Apparent, 1980, King of the Netherlands, 2013-
Queen Maxima of the Netherlands

Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau 1968-2013 m.(2004) Mabel Wisse Smit without permission, his children are not eligible for the throne and he was no longer a Prince of the Netherlands after his marriage
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands, 1969-

Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands
4 sons, 2 of whom were eligible for the throne until Beatrix abdicated in 2013

Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands,2003- Princess of Orange & heiress apparent, 2013-

Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, 2005-

Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, 2007-

Countess Eloise of Orange-Nassau, 2002-
Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, 2004-
Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau, 2006-

The following image is a family tree of the Monarchs of the Netherlands. Dates given are those of birth and death; for Monarchs of the Netherlands (shown in bold), the intermediate dates are dates of accession to the throne and (where applicable) abdication.

William V of Orange Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia (1751–1820) Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Frederick William III of Prussia Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) William I of the Netherlands Wilhelmina Marianne of Orange-Nassau Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) Prince Frederick of the Netherlands William II of the Netherlands Anna Pavlovna of Russia Catherine Pavlovna of Russia William I of Wurttemberg Karl Alexander of Saxe-Eisenach Princess Sophie of the Netherlands Prince Alexander of the Netherlands Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont William III of the Netherlands Sophie of Wurttemberg Amalia Maria of Saxe-Eisenach Prince Henry of the Netherlands Princess Marie of Prussia (1855–1888) William, Prince of Orange Prince Maurice of the Netherlands Alexander, Prince of Orange Hendrik of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Juliana of the Netherlands Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld Irene of Orange-Nassau Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma Margriet of Orange-Nassau Pieter van Vollenhoven Christina of Orange-Nassau Claus von Amsberg Beatrix of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands Máxima Zorreguieta Alexia of Orange-Nassau Ariane of Orange-Nassau Friso of Orange Nassau Mabel Wisse Smit Luana of Orange-Nassau Zaria of Orange-Nassau Constantijn of Orange-Nassau Laurentien Brinkhorst Eloise of Orange-Nassau Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau Leonore of Orange-NassauDutch monarchy.jpg
About this image

See also


  1. "Official Website of the Dutch Royal House". Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD), The Hague, the Netherlands. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  2. Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1875). Handboek der Wapenkunde. the Netherlands: Theod. Bom. p. 348. Prins FREDERIK: Het koninklijke wapen, in 't shcildhoofd gebroken door een rooden barensteel, de middelste hanger beladen met een regtopstaanden goud pijl.
  3. Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. ...de tweede oon voert het koninklijk wapen gebroken door een barensteel van drie stukken met een zilveren pijl.
  4. Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. ...is het wapen afgebeeld van de oudste dochter van den Koning der Nederlanden. De barensteel is van keel en beladen met een gouden koningskroon.
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