List of monarchs of Mangareva

Attributs du Service de Table du Roi des Gambier et de celui de la Mission

This is a list of monarchs of Mangareva of the Gambier Islands of Polynesia until the island's annexation by France on 21 February 1881.[1] Although there were other monarchs of the Gambier Islands like Taravai, the kings of Mangareva were considered of the highest ranking. The islands kings and chiefs were called ʻakariki from the togoʻiti class.[2]

Lists of the monarchs of Mangareva

It will be seen (under the heading Tu) that these are gods. In this respect it is like many Polynesian genealogies which commence with the gods, or, perhaps, deified ancestors.[3]

Drawing of Mapou-Teoa by Jacques Marescot du Thilleul, 1838.


Bernardo Putairi, Prince Regent of Mangareva

Because of King Joseph Gregorio II's minority, he ruled alongside his mother Queen Maria Eutokia Toaputeitou and uncle Elia Teoa. In 1868, Joseph Gregorio II died without issue and a regency was installed pending the birth a male heir to Agnès or Philomèle, the two surviving daughters of Maputeoa.[5][6][7][8]

  • By 1881, when Henri Isidore Chessé visited the island, Bernardo Putairi had been named King after Philomèle's death.[7]

Family tree

Below is the genealogy of the royal line of Mangareva.[18][19]

Immigrants and heroes
Eight generation
Te Oa (m)
Purure (f)
Matapoto (f)
Te Mateoa (m)
Terehi-kura (f)
Toa-teoa (f)
Teiti-a-purepure (m)
Toa-pakia (f)
Te Ma-terehikura (m)
Te Rouru (m)
Te Ahu-o-rogo (m)
Toa-terehikura (f)
Purure (f)
Matua (m)
Toa-Matui (f)
Te Ika-Tohara (m)
Puteoa (f)
Toa-Mateoa (f)
Toa-teoaiti (f)
Toa-maevahake (f)
Bernardo Putairi*
Te Maputeoa
Maria Eutokia
Arone Teikatoara**
Elia Teoa**[20]

Gregorio II

Agnès Tepairu
or Teiti-a-Gregorio
Maria Tepano

*Bernardo Putairi was unrelated to the royal line. He was the guardian and tutor of the two daughters of Maputeoa.
**Arone and Elia were considered brothers of Maputeoa, although it is not known if they were full-brothers or half-brothers.


  1. Gonschor 2008, pp. 56–59.
  2. Buck 1938, p. 151.
  3. Smith 1918, pp. 130–131.
  4. 1 2 Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 9.
  5. 1 2 3 Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 578.
  6. 1 2 Deschanel 1888, pp. 59–60.
  7. 1 2 Deschanel 1888, pp. 68.
  8. Williamson 2013, pp. 381–382.
  9. Cuzent 1872, pp. 117–118.
  10. Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 318.
  11. 1 2 Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, pp. 610–611.
  12. Cuzent 1872, p. 144.
  13. Deschanel 1888, pp. 27–30.
  14. Deschanel 1888, pp. 59, 71.
  15. Rabou 1882, pp. 799–807.
  16. "Partie Officielle" (PDF). Journal Officiel des Etablissements Français de l'Océanie. 2 May 1889. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  17. "The Sunny South Seas Gambier Archipelago. A Little-Known Group". Te Aroha News, Volume VII, Issue 379, 22 June 1889, Page 6.
  18. Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. cxxxix.
  19. Buck 1938, pp. 19, 121; see also his First Field Note Book, genealogy given by Ioane Mamatai in 1934; MS Laval.
  20. Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 366.
  21. Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 343.


External links

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