Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg

Charles Christian
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg

Charles Christian painted by Wilhelm Böttner, ca.1780
Born (1735-01-16)16 January 1735
Died 28 November 1788(1788-11-28) (aged 53)
Münster-Dreissen, near Kirchheim
Spouse Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
Barbara Giessen von Kirchheim
House Nassau-Weilburg
Father Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Mother Augusta Frederika Wilhelmina of Nassau-Idstein
Prince Charles Christian portrayed on a medal with his wife Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau

Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (Weilburg, 16 January 1735 – Münster-Dreissen, near Kirchheim, 28 November 1788), till 1753 Count of Nassau-Weilburg, was the first ruler of the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg between 1753 and 1788.

Family and rule

He was the son of Charles August of Nassau-Weilburg and Augusta Frederika Wilhelmina of Nassau-Idstein. He succeeded his father in 1753 and united his territories in 1783 with Nassau-Saarbrücken, Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Dietz.


He married on 5 March 1760 in The Hague Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (1743–1787), daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange and Anne, Princess Royal.

He became a general in the Dutch infantry, governor of Bergen op Zoom and governor of Maastricht (1773–1784). He negotiated in vain with the Patriots in 1787.

After the death of his wife, he concluded a morganatic marriage with Barbara Giessen von Kirchheim. He died in 1788 and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Frederick William.


He and Carolina had 15 children, some of whom became ancestors of 19th century royalty:



  1. Theroff, Paul. "Princely House of Reuss-Greiz". (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site).
  2. Theroff, Paul. "Princely House of Wied". (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site).
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Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: 16 January 1735 Died: 28 November 1788
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles August
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
1753 - 1788
Succeeded by
Frederick William
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