French America

For the colonial French America, see French colonization of the Americas.
Map of French America.

French America (French: Amérique française) is the French-speaking community of people and their diaspora, notably those tracing back origins to New France, the early French colonization of the Americas. The Canadian province of Quebec is the centre of the community and is the point of origin of most of French America. It also include communities in all provinces of Canada (especially in New Brunswick, where francophones are roughly one third of the population),[1] Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Haiti, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Lucia, Martinique, and Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; French Guiana (Overseas region of France) in South America. Also there are minorities of French speakers in part of the United States (New England, Louisiana, Florida), Dominica, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago.

The Ordre des francophones d’Amérique is a decoration given in the name of the community to its members. It can also be described as the Francophonie of the Americas. '

Countries and French possessions

This is a list of countries and French possessions in the Americas having the French language as official or majority language. The data of each place are based in the 2012 - 2013 Census.

Country Population Area (km²)[lower-alpha 1] GDP (nominal) GDP (nominal) per capita
Canada Canada 35,427,524[2](of which about 7,000,000 people are Francophones. See Languages of Canada) 9,984,670 $1.769 trillion[3] $49,838[3]
France Clipperton 0
Dominica Dominica 72,660 (the number of French speakers is unknown) 750 $14,166[4] $7,022[4]
Haiti Haiti 9,996,731[5] 27,750 $1,242[6] $758[6]
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 173,765 617 $1.239 billion[7] $7,769[7]
Collectivity of Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint-Martin (Fr)[8] 36,286 53.2
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (Fr) 405,739[9][note 1] 1,628 €19,810 [10]
French Guiana French Guiana (Fr) 250,109[9] 83,534 €15,416 [10]
Martinique Martinique (Fr) 386,486[9] 1,128 €21,527 [10]
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy (Fr) 9,035[11] 25[12]
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Fr) 6,080[9][note 1] 242 €26,073[13]
Total More than 18,336,891 (excludes speakers of English and other languages not French of Canada) 10,100,126 $24.340 $36,738

Members and corresponding diasporas

See also

French flags of the Americas


  1. "Ethnic Origin (232), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Responses (3) (2001 Census)". Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  2. "Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  3. 1 2 "World Economic Outlook: Canada". International Monetary Fund. April 2014 data. Retrieved June 28, 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. 1 2 "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
  5. "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  6. 1 2 "Haiti". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  7. 1 2 "Saint Lucia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  8. "Demografia de Chile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 4 INSEE. "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Année 2013" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  10. 1 2 3 INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012". Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  11. INSEE, Government of France. "Populations légales 2011 pour les départements et les collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  12. INSEE. "Actualités : 2008, An 1 de la collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  13. "Evaluation du PIB 2004 de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon – janvier 2007" (PDF). p. 24. Retrieved 8 February 2013.


  1. 1 2 Figure without the territories of Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy detached from Guadeloupe on 22 February 2007.
  1. Values listed in km².

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