|École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées|
|École Nationale Supérieure du Génie Maritime|
|Type||Public ; under military supervision|
|180 permanent ; 650 temporary|
The ENSTA ParisTech, École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées (English: Superior National School of Advanced Techniques), is the oldest French grande école in engineering. It is a member of ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology) and is located in Palaiseau of the Paris-Saclay campus. It is one of the prestigious engineering institutions in France, and every year about 150 engineers graduate from it. It can now be seen as the school for mechanical engineering of École polytechnique.
ENSTA offers its students general engineering training with the aim of enabling them to design, produce and oversee complex industrial systems, while meeting strict economic constraints and dealing with an international environment. To do this, the School provides high-level scientific and technological training, which is frequently updated to keep pace with changes in the leading edge technologies and supplemented by language, general culture, law and economics teaching.
The teaching is given by research professors at ENSTA with the participation of numerous auxiliary teachers from the economic and industrial world familiar with the latest technical developments in a wide variety of fields.
Research, which is one of the School's primary missions, makes a significant contribution to both fundamental and applied fields, which agrees with the School's pedagogical mission and meets the needs of business. Half is the responsibility of the School's research professors, and the other half is carried out by researchers from the CNRS, the INSERM and the École polytechnique working in ENSTA's premises.
The general nature of the training given enables ENSTA graduates to find a career in a large number of sectors such as the automotive or naval industry, networks and telecommunications, space propulsion, robotics, oceanology and the environment.
- Student numbers
- 757 students (excluding doctoral research students)
- foreign students are accounting for 30% of student numbers
- Courses available
- scientific courses
- law, economics, management courses
- culture and communication seminars
- 9 languages taught
- The teachers
- 80 full-time research professors
- More than 650 auxiliary teachers
- International relations
- +70 exchange and partnership agreements with foreign universities
- 7 double-degree agreements
- About 90 doctoral research students in 2014
Originally, the School was the brainchild of Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, inspector general of the Navy. He had identified the need to give the Navy's master carpenters a theoretical education, particularly in mathematics and physics, which were making quick progress, so that they would have a clearer understanding of their trade.
Duhamel du Monceau founded the first school in his home in Paris on the Isle Saint Louis in 1741. This date is recognised as the origin of the institution. In 1748 it was moved to the royal library on rue Richelieu, and in 1753 to the Louvre Palace, immediately adjacent to the Academie des Sciences. It was closed in 1759 during the Seven Years' War. In 1765, he managed to persuade the duc de Choiseul to reopen it as part of a sweeping overhaul of the navy. Duhamel du Monceau continued to run the school for the rest of his life.
The School of Student Engineer Constructors, as it was known, was closed in 1793 during the French Revolution. It reopened in 1795 as an application school for the Ecole Polytechnique. Later on, it became known as Ecole nationale supérieure du Génie Maritime (National Higher College of Maritime Engineering).
In 1970, the Délégation Générale pour l'Armement (Arms administration of the Ministry of Defence) merged the school with three of its other establishments:
- the École Nationale Supérieure des Poudres (Powders and explosives institute)
- the École Nationale Supérieure de l'Armement (Arms engineering institute)
- the École des Ingénieurs Hydrographes de la Marine (Hydrographic institute.
This formed the École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées (ENSTA), the role of which is to train engineers in the naval, mechanical, nuclear, chemical, electronic and related fields. The scientific skills of each of the founding institutes survives in the broad range of research disciplines covered at ENSTA, as well as in the more general nature of its teaching and the variety of specialities offered to the students.
Today, ENSTA's legal status is that of a "public administrative establishment", placed under the supervision of the Ministry of Defence. It is headed by a general officer of the Corps of Ordnance Ingineers (DGA). Some former graduates of École polytechnique attend ENSTA before joining the military Corps of Ordnance Ingineers, which staffs the DGA.
- Louis-Émile Bertin
- Alain Bouquin, General Commander of the French Foreign Legion
- Eugène Deloncle
- Charles Dupin
- Henri Dupuy de Lôme
- Ernest Mercier
- Édouard Jean Baptiste Milhaud
- Jacques-Noël Sané
- Léonce Verny
- Paul Marie Eugène Vieille