Belaya Zemlya

"White Land" redirects here. For the film, see The White Land.
Belaya Zemlya
Russian: Белая Земля

Location of the Belaya Zemlya subgroup of the Franz Josef Archipelago.

Location Arctic
Coordinates 81°38′N 63°06′E / 81.633°N 63.100°E / 81.633; 63.100
Archipelago Franz Josef Archipelago

Belaya Zemlya (Russian: Белая Земля, lit. "White Land") is a group of three cold, glaciated islands. It is a geographical subgroup of Franz Josef Land, Russian Federation.


This area was named Hvidtenland (Norwegian: "White Land") by Fridtjof Nansen, who reached this desolate place on August 5, 1895 during his polar expedition. In his map he drew four islands. Since the limit of permanent ice crosses Belaya Zemlya, it is often difficult to distinguish between land and sea. However, as the cartography of the Franz Josef Archipelago became more accurate, it became apparent that it was a group of three islands.

Belaya Zemlya is the point of the Franz Josef Archipelago that Valerian Albanov was trying to reach when he left the Svyataya Anna with part of the crew, but owing to the polar ice drift and the abundance of polynias along his route, he ended up far to the southwest in Alexandra Land.[1]


Belaya Zemlya is separated from the main Franz Josef group by a 45 km (28 mi) broad strait known as Proliv Severo Vostochnyy.


See also


  1. Valerian Albanov. In the Land of White Death
  2. Kupol Vostok Chetvërtyy: Russia

External links

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