Salm Island

Salm Island
oстров Сальм

Location of Salm Island and its neighboring islands in the Franz Josef Archipelago
Salm Island
oстров Сальм
Location Arctic Ocean
Coordinates 80°04′N 59°16′E / 80.067°N 59.267°E / 80.067; 59.267
Archipelago Franz Josef Land
Length 20 km (12 mi)
Highest elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Highest point Chernyshev Ice Cap

Salm Island (Russian: oстров Сальм; Ostrov Sal'm) is a roughly round-shaped island in Franz Josef Land, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.[1]

Salm Island was named by the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition after the Salm-Hoogstraten aristocratic dynasty to which Count Karl Alexander,[2] one of the expedition's main sponsors, belonged.[3]


Salm Island is almost completely glacierized except for two headlands in its western and its southern shore. The Chernyshev Ice Cap (Lednik Chernysheva) covers most of the island.[4] Salm Island's maximum length is 17 km (11 mi) and its area is 344 km2 (133 sq mi). The highest point of the island is 343 m high summit of the Chernyshev Ice Cap.

Adjacent smaller islands

Salm Island is surrounded by smaller islands. Ostrova Bisernyye are two small islets located right off Salm Island's southern shore.[5]

Wilczek Island

Southwest of Salm Island lies 10 km (6 mi) long Wilczek Island (oстров Вильчека) —which should not be confused with Wilczek Land in the same archipelago. It is separated from Salm Island by a 3 km (2 mi) wide sound. This island is named after Austro-Hungarian nobleman Johann Nepomuk Graf Wilczek.

Litke Island

4 km (2 mi) southeast of Salm Island lies small and round Litke Island (oстров Литке). Its area is 14 km2 (5 sq mi) and it was named after Russian Count Fyodor Petrovich Litke.

Hochstetter Islands

A few miles to the northeast lie the Hochstetter Islands (oстрова Гохштеттера or oстрова Хохштеттера), made up of a 6.5 km (4 mi) long by 4 km (2 mi) wide island, Hochstetter Island (also known as Gogstettera Yuzhnyy), and two smaller islets Gogstettera Sredniy and ostrov Al'batros. The Hochstetter Islands are named after the German Hochstetter princely dynasty of the Austro Hungarian Empire.

Koldewey Island

Roughly north lies 3.7 km (2 mi) long Koldewey Island (oстров Kольдевея), named after Captain Carl Koldewey leader of the Second German Expedition to the Arctic in 1869-70.[6] Highest point 66 m.

Schoenau Island

Off Koldewey Island's northern point there is a smaller island, Schoenau Island (oстров Шёнау). This island was named after Teplitz-Schönau (now Teplice, Czech Republic), the birthplace of Austro-Hungarian arctic explorer Julius Payer, who made a discovery of Franz Josef Land, when he led, as a Commander at Shore, the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition together with Karl Weyprecht, who was a Commander at sea.

See also


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/17/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.