Wilczek Land

Wilczek Land
Native name: <span class="nickname" ">Земля Вильчека

Location of Wilczek Land in Franz Josef Land
Wilczek Land

Wilczek Land (Russia)

Location Arctic Ocean
Coordinates 80°35′N 60°30′E / 80.58°N 60.5°E / 80.58; 60.5
Archipelago Franz Josef Land
Area 2,203 km2 (851 sq mi)
Highest elevation 606 m (1,988 ft)
Highest point Wüllerstorf Mountains
Oblast Arkhangelsk Oblast

Wilczek Land (Russian: Земля Вильчека; Zemlya Vil'cheka, German: Wilczek-Land), is a large island located at 80°35′N 60°30′E / 80.58°N 60.5°E / 80.58; 60.5. It is part of Franz Josef Land, Russia.


This large island is named after Austro-Hungarian Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek.[1] Count Hans Wilczek was the most important sponsor of the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition to Franz Josef Land.

Cape Geller (80°46′N 59°36′E / 80.767°N 59.600°E / 80.767; 59.600) was the wintering site for two members of the 1899 Welle Expedition waiting for their team's return from the pole.

This island should not be confused with the small Wilczek Island, "Остров Вильчека", located south-west of Salm Island, also in the Franz Josef group and named after the same person.


Wilczek Land is the second largest island of the Franz Josef Archipelago. It is almost completely glacierized except for two narrow areas along its western shores. The highest point on the island is 606 metres (1,988 feet).

Cape Ganza (Mys Ganza) is Wilczek Land's westernmost cape. The channel to the west, between Wilczek Land and Gallya, is known as Avstriyskyy Proliv (Австрийский пролив).[2]

Glaciers and ice domes

The Kupol Arktirazvedki (Купол Арктиразведки) ice dome covers the northeastern part of the island.[3] On the western side of the Arktirazvedki ice dome there are two glaciers, the Stremitelny Glacier (Lednik Stremitel’nyy) "Rushing Glacier", west of which flows the Molochny Glacier (Lednik Molochnyy) "Milky Glacier", both having their terminus in the northern shore.[4]

Further to the south the Kupol Tindalya (Купол Тиндаля) ice dome, named after Irish glaciologist John Tyndall, covers the eastern central area of the island.[5] To the southwest of it flows the Znamenity Glacier (Lednik Znamenityy), which has its terminus in the southern coast, east of the "Cloudy Dome" Kupol Oblachnyy (Купол Облачный) ice dome located at the southern end of the island.[6]

Adjacent minor islands

See also



  1. John Nepomuk Graf Wilchek
  2. "Zemlya Vil'cheka". Mapcarta. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  3. "Kupol Arktirazvedki". Mapcarta. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  4. "Lednik Stremitel'nyy". Mapcarta. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  5. "Kupol Tindalya". Mapcarta. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  6. "Kupol Oblachnyy". Mapcarta. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  7. Gregory Petrovich Gorbunov
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/11/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.