Jackson Island

This article is about the island in Franz Josef Land. For the Canadian island, see Jackson Island (Nunavut).
Jackson Island
Остров Джексона

Location of Jackson Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago.
Jackson Island
Coordinates title 81°13′47″N 56°37′44″E / 81.2297222°N 56.6288889°E / 81.2297222; 56.6288889
Archipelago Franz Josef Land
Length 40 km (25 mi)
Width 30 km (19 mi)
Population 0

Jackson Island (Russian: Остров Джексона, Ostrov Dzheksona) is an island located in Franz Josef Land, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation. This island is part of the Zichy Land subgroup of the central part of the archipelago.


Jackson Island's east-west extension is about 40 km (25 mi), and the maximum distance from north to south is 30 km (19 mi).

On the northwest shore of the island is De Long Bay. Named after ill-fated American Arctic explorer George W. DeLong, this bay separates the island into two almost even peninsulas. From the south, this bay is bounded by Cape Bystrova, named in 1963 in honor of outstanding Russian paleontologist A.P. Bystrow.

Jackson Island is named in honor of English polar voyager Frederick Jackson. He explored and named several islands, among other geographical features, in Franz Josef Land. The Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic Expedition (1894—1897) was sponsored by the Royal Geographical Society.


Cape Norway (81°12′N 55°37′E / 81.200°N 55.617°E / 81.200; 55.617) on the western part of the island was where Fridtjof Nansen and Hjalmar Johansen wintered in 1895-96 after failing to reach the North Pole. A hut and a wooden post still remain.

Adjacent islands

See also


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