Eparchy of Srem

Eparchy of Srem
Епархија сремска

Territory Syrmia in Serbia
plus three parishes in Croatia
Headquarters Sremski Karlovci, Sremski Karlovci
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Sui iuris church Serbian Orthodox Church
Language Church Slavonic
Current leadership
Bishop Episcop Vasilije
Eparchies and monasteries of Serbian Orthodox Church in Vojvodina.
Map of the eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia, showing the Eparchy of Srem.

The Eparchy of Srem (Serbian: Сремска епархија or Sremska eparhija) is an ecclesiastical territory or eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Syrmia (Srem) region, Serbia. It is mostly situated in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, while the eparchy also include a small south-eastern part of Syrmia that belong to Belgrade as well as some Syrmian settlements that are part of Croatia. The seat of the eparchy is in Sremski Karlovci.


Eparchy of Srem is one of the oldest ecclesiastical institutions in this part of Europe. Ancient Bishopric of Sirmium was an important ecclesiastical center of the late Roman Empire during 4th and 5th century. Bishopric collapsed after 582 when ancient Sirmium was finally destroyed by Avars.

After the Christianization of Slavs, eparchy was renewed and since 1018 it belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Archbishopric of Ohrid. During the late Middle Ages, the region of Srem came under jurisdiction of Serbian Metropolitans of Belgrade. The most notable was Saint Maksim Branković, metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem (died 1516). During 16th and 17th centuries they styled themselves as Metropolitans of Belgrade and Srem. In 1708, when autonomous Serbian Metropolitanate in Habsburg Monarchy was created, Eparchy of Srem became archdiocese of the Metropolitan, whose seat was in Sremski Karlovci. Eparchy remained part of Metropolitanate of Karlovci until the end of the First World War.

In 1920, after all Serbian ecclesiastical provinces united into one Serbian Orthodox Church, Eparchy of Srem with its seat in Sremski Karlovci came under administration of Archbishop of Belgrade who was also the Serbian Patriarch. Final unification of two eparchies was completed in 1931 when Eparchy of Srem was joined with the Archbishopric of Belgrade into the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci.

In 1947, region of Srem was excluded from the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci and reestablished as separate Eparchy of Srem. Although, the name of the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci still includes the name of the town of Sremski Karlovci, this town is today part of the Eparchy of Srem and not of the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci.

Monasteries belonging to the eparchy


Monasteries of Fruška Gora



The eparchy also possess an Orthodox seminary in Sremski Karlovci. The seminary was founded in 1794. It was the second oldest Orthodox seminary in the World (After the Spiritual Academy in Kyiv), and it operates to this day.

See also


External links

Coordinates: 45°12′5″N 19°56′11″E / 45.20139°N 19.93639°E / 45.20139; 19.93639

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