Sayf al-Din Suri

Sayf al-Din Suri
Malik of the Ghurid dynasty
Reign 1146-1149
Predecessor Izz al-Din Husayn
Successor Baha al-Din Sam I
Born Ghor
Died 1149
Pul-i Yak Taq
House Ghurid
Father Izz al-Din Husayn
Religion Sunni Islam

Sayf al-Din Suri (Persian: سیف الدین سوری) was the king of the Ghurid dynasty from 1146 to 1149. He was the son and successor of Izz al-Din Husayn.


When Sayf al-Din Suri ascended the throne, he divided the Ghurid kingdom among his brothers; Fakhr al-Din Masud received land near the Hari River; Baha al-Din Sam I received Ghur; Shihab al-Din Muhammad Kharnak received Madin; Shuja al-Din Ali received Jarmas; Ala al-Din Husayn received Wajiristan; and Qutb al-Din Muhammad received Warshad Warsh, where he built the famous city of Firuzkuh.[1] However, Sayf later quarreled with his brother Qutb, who took refuge in Ghazna, and was poisoned by the Ghaznavid sultan Bahram-Shah of Ghazna.

In order to avenge his brother, Sayf marched towards Ghazna in 1148, and scored a victory at the Battle of Ghazni while Bahram fled to Kurram.[2] Building an army, Bahram marched back to Ghazna. Sayf fled, but the Ghaznavid army caught up with him and a battle ensued at Sang-i Surakh. Sayf and Majd ad-Din Musawi were captured and later crucified at Pul-i Yak Taq. After his death, he was succeeded by his brother Baha al-Din Sam I.


  1. History of Civilizations of Central Asia, C.E. Bosworth, M.S. Asimov, pp. 185-186.
  2. C.E. Bosworth, The Later Ghaznavids, 113-114.


Preceded by
Izz al-Din Husayn
Malik of the Ghurid dynasty
Succeeded by
Baha al-Din Sam I
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