Ala al-Din Atsiz

Ala al-Din Atsiz
Sultan of the Ghurid dynasty
Reign 1213-1214
Predecessor Baha al-Din Sam III
Successor Ala al-Din Ali
Born ca. 1159
Died 1214
House Ghurid
Father Ala al-Din Husayn
Religion Sunni Islam

Ala al-Din Atsiz (Persian: علاء الدین دراست), was Sultan of the Ghurid dynasty from 1213 to 1214. He was the relative and successor of Baha al-Din Sam III.


Ala al-Din Atsiz was the son Ala al-Din Husayn, who died in 1161. At the death of Ala al-Din Husayn, Atsiz was very young and the succession passed to his brother Sayf al-Din Muhammad, who shortly died in 1163, and was succeeded by his cousin Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad. When Atsiz became an adult, he began serving Ghiyath and the latter's brother Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad. After the death of Ghiyath in 1202, the Ghurid chieftains supported Atsiz to become the new ruler of the Ghurid dynasty. However, Mu'izz al-Din managed keep him away from the Ghurid chieftains and send him to the court of his relatives in Bamiyan, where Atsiz's daughter married the eldest son of the Bamiyan ruler Baha al-Din Sam II.

After the death of Mu'izz al-Din in 1206, his nephew Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud succeeded him as the ruler of the Ghurid dynasty. Atsiz, however, challenged the rule of Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud and demanded the throne for himself, and requested aid from the Khwarazmian dynasty, who declined his request. Ghiyath al-Din Mahmud later died in 1212, and was succeeded by his son Baha al-Din Sam III, who was one year later carried by the Khwarazmians to Khwarezm,[1] who finally agreed to help Atsiz, and made him ascend the Ghurid throne.

One year later, however, Atsiz was killed by the Turkish ghulam Tajuddin Yildoz, and was succeeded by his cousin Ala al-Din Ali.


  1. The Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, ed. J. A. Boyle, John Andrew Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 1968), 161-170.


Preceded by
Baha al-Din Sam III
Sultan of the Ghurid dynasty
Succeeded by
Ala al-Din Ali
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/27/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.