National Social Movement (Bulgaria)

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The National Social Movement (Bulgarian: Народно социално движение) was a minor Bulgarian political party formed in 1932 by Aleksandar Tsankov.

Although a member of the governing People's Bloc of Nikola Mushanov, Tsankov had come to be a strong admirer of Adolf Hitler and as a result he set up the NSM to offer a version of National Socialism. The group avowedly preached its own idea of 'social nationalism' which for Tsankov involved support of a national workers' syndicate against class struggle.[1] The party itself failed to find much favour, despite being popular with many urban youth[2]), although its formation helped to speed up the collapse of the coalition government. The group did gain some following in 1934 when a number of members left Zveno to join other groups, including the NSM. However, under orders from Boris III, the government of Pencho Zlatev moved against the far right groups and as a result the NSM was put down.[1]

The group maintained links with National Socialist Germany, as evidenced by the appointment of Tsankov to the leadership of a government in exile in 1944, although it did not gain power.


  1. 1 2 Philip Rees, 'TSANKOV, Aleksandur', Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, p. 394
  2. Richard J. Crampton, A Concise History of Bulgaria, p. 162

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