List of Nazi ideologues

This is a list of people whose ideas became part of Nazi ideology. The ideas, writings, and speeches of these thinkers were incorporated into what became Nazism, including antisemitism, eugenics, racial hygiene, the concept of the master race, and Lebensraum. The list includes people whose ideas were incorporated, even if they did not live in the Nazi era.

Philosophers and sociologists

Scientists and physicians

Theologians and spiritual leaders


Intellectuals indirectly associated with Nazism

Some writers came before the Nazi era and their writings were (sometimes falsely) incorporated into Nazi ideology:


  1. Thomas Mann und Alfred Baeumler, Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1989, p. 185
  2. Richard J. Evans (2004). The Coming of the Third Reich. London: Penguin Books. pp. 178–179. ISBN 0-14-100975-6. This was intended to provide the Nazi Party with a major work of theory. The book had sold over a million copies by 1945 and some of its ideas were not without influence.
  3. Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger - E Ettinger - Yale University Press - 1995 - ISBN 0-300-07254-6
  4. Max Weinreich. Hitler's professors: the part of scholarship in Germany's crimes against the Jewish people. Yiddish Scientific Institute-YIVO, 1946. Pp. 18.
  5. Herman Schmalenbach on Society and Experience. University of Chicago Press. 1977. ISBN 0-226-73865-5. Some of the terms that he had earlier refined such as Gemeinschaft and Bund, were incorporated into the Nazi ideology. ...
  6. Claudia Koonz, The Nazi Conscience, p 58 ISBN 0-674-01172-4
  7. Bendersky, Joseph, W., Theorist For The Reich, 1983, Princeton, New Jersey
  8. Noack, Paul, Carl Schmitt - Eine Biographie, 1996, Frankfurt
  9. Christopher Hale. Himmler's Crusade: the True Story of the 1938 Nazi Expedition into Tibet Bantam, 2004. ISBN 978-0-553-81445-3
  10. "Die Tüchtigkeit unserer Rasse und der Schutz der Schwachen", 1893, p. 141, 142. cited by Massimo Ferari Zumbini: The roots of evil. Gründerjahre des Antisemitismus: Von der Bismarckzeit zu Hitler, Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M. 2003, ISBN 3-465-03222-5, p.406
  11. Ernst Ruedin: "Honor of Prof. Dr. Alfred Ploetz", in ARGB, Bd 32 / S.473-474, 1938, p.474
  12. McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd., p. 182
  13. Kenneth Barnes, "Nazism, Liberalism and Christianity", University Press of Kentucky, Kentucky 1991.
  14. Carl G. Jung (1970); Collected Works, Volume 10; Routledge and Kegan Paul, London; ISBN 0-7100-1640-9; p 190–191.
  15. "Dietrich Eckart". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2009-01-04. Later on, he developed an ideology of a 'genius higher human,' based on earlier writings by Lanz von Liebenfels; he saw himself in the tradition of Arthur Schopenhauer and Angelus Silesius, and also became fascinated by Mayan beliefs, but never had much sympathy for the scientific method. Eckart also loved and strongly identified with Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt.
  16. Nazi Ideology: Some Unfinished Business - BM Lane - Central European History, 1974 -
  17. Munich 1923, John Dornberg, Harper & Row, New York, 1982. pg 344
  18. Henry Friedlander (1977). The Holocaust: Ideology, Bureaucracy, and Genocide. Gottfried Feder gave technocratic ideology a racist twist. ... arouses interest because he helped to shape Nazi ideology during the early 1920's. ...
  19. Dummett, Michael, 1973. Frege: Philosophy of Language. Harvard University Press.
  20. The Number One Nazi Jew-baiter: A Political Biography of Julius Streicher, Hitler's Chief Anti- … WP Varga - 1981 - Carlton Press
  21. Jackson J. Spielvogel and David Redles (1986). "Hitler's Racial Ideology: Content and Occult Sources.". Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual. 3. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
  22. DİN BİLİMLERİNİN TARİHÇESİ - Dr. Jacques WAARDENBURG - 2004/1 (281-295 s.)
  23. Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, 1959, p.105 of 1985 Bookclub Associates Edition.
  24. Aaron Gillette. Racial Theories in Fascist Italy. London Routledge 2002.
  25. Friedrich Nietzsche - Antisemit oder Judenfreund? - T Hanke - 2003 - GRIN Verlag
  26. Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines - A de Gobineau, H Juin - 1940 - Archived October 30, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. The New Race Consciousness: Race, Nation, and Empire in American Culture, 1910-1925 – Matthew Pratt – Journal of Word History – Volume 10, Number, Fall 1999, pp. 307–352.
  28. Norman Solkoff (2001). Beginnings, Mass Murder, and Aftermath of the Holocaust. University Press of America. ISBN 0-7618-2028-0. The book by the American lawyer Madison Grant ... was turned on its head by Nazi ideology. ...
  29. Stern, Fritz The Politics of Cultural Despair: a study in the Rise of the Germanic Ideology, 1961 (see Chapter I, "Paul de Lagarde and a Germanic Religion").
  30. Michael, Robert. Holy Hatred: Christianity, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, p. 110.
  31. Martin Luther (1543). On the Jews and their Lies. Our Lord also calls them a "brood of vipers"; furthermore in John 8 [:39,44] he states: "If you were Abraham's children ye would do what Abraham did.... You are of your father the devil. It was intolerable to them to hear that they were not Abraham's but the devil's children, nor can they bear to hear this today.
  32. Michael, Robert. Holy Hatred: Christianity, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, p. 112.
  33. Obermann, Heiko. Luthers Werke. Erlangen 1854, 32:282, 298, in Grisar, Hartmann. Luther. St. Louis 1915, 4:286 and 5:406, cited in Michael, Robert. Holy Hatred: Christianity, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, p. 113.
  34. Luther, Martin. "On the Jews and Their Lies", Luthers Werke. 47:268-271.
  35. Michael, Robert. "Luther, Luther Scholars, and the Jews", Encounter, 46 (Autumn 1985) No.4:343.
  36. Luther, Martin. On the Jews and Their Lies, cited in Michael, Robert. "Luther, Luther Scholars, and the Jews", Encounter 46 (Autumn 1985) No. 4:343-344.
  37. McKim, Donald K. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 58; Berenbaum, Michael. "Anti-Semitism", Encyclopaedia Britannica, accessed January 2, 2007. For Luther's own words, see Luther, Martin. "On the Jews and Their Lies", tr. Martin H. Bertram, in Sherman, Franklin. (ed.) Luther's Works. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971, 47:268–72.
  38. Johannes Wallmann, "The Reception of Luther's Writings on the Jews from the Reformation to the End of the 19th century", Lutheran Quarterly, n.s. 1 (Spring 1987) 1:72-97.
  39. The Nietzsche Legacy in Germany: 1890-1990 - SE Aschheim - 1992 - University of California Press - ISBN 0520085558
  40. The Roots of Evil. Cambridge University Press. 1992. ISBN 0-521-42214-0. Many Nazi beliefs and ideals seem to be highly similar to those expressed by Nietzsche.
  41. Weaver Santaniello, Nietzsche, God, and the Jews, SUNY Press, 1994, p 41: "Hitler probably never read a word of Nietzsche".
  42. Berel Lang, Post-Holocaust: Interpretation, Misinterpretation, and the Claims of History, Indiana University Press, 2005, p 162: "Arguably, Hitler himself never read a word of Nietzsche; certainly, if he did read him, it was not extensively".
  43. Golomb 1997, p. 9: "To be sure, it is almost certain that Hitler either never read Nietzsche directly or read very little."
  44. Andrew C. Janos, East Central Europe in the Modern World, Stanford University Press, 2002, p 184: "By all indications, Hitler never read Nietzsche. Neither Mein Kampf nor Hitler's Table Talk (Tischgesprache) mentions his name. Nietzschean ideas reached him through the filter of Alfred Rosenberg's Myth of the Twentieth Century, and...through what was coffeehouse Quatsch in Vienna and Munich. This at least is the impression he gives in his published conversations with Dietrich Eckart."
  45. Journal of Church and State - JC Fout - Adolf Stoecker Antisemitism – 1975.
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