Governorate of Cuba

Governorate of Cuba
Governorate of Castile (Spanish Empire)
Banner of Castille under the Habsburgs
Flag Coat of arms
Islands and Mainland in the Ocean Sea at 1513
Capital Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Baracoa
Languages Spanish
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
List of Castilian monarchs Joanna of Castile, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Governor Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar
Historical era Spanish Empire
   Established 1511
   Incorporation to New Spain 1519
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Captaincy General of Santo Domingo
New Spain

Since the 16th century the island of Cuba had been under the control of the governor-captain general of Santo Domingo. The conquest of Cuba was organized in 1510 by the recently restored Viceroy of the Indies, Diego Colón, under the command of Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, who became Cuba's first governor until his death in 1524.

Velázquez founded the city of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Baracoa in 1511 and convoked a general cabildo (a local government council) to govern Cuba, which was authorized by the king of Spain.

Hernán Cortés's Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was undertaken from Cuba. Cuba was incorporated in New Spain after the conquest of Mexico.


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