Cáceres, Spain




Coat of arms

Location in Spain

Coordinates: 39°29′N 6°22′W / 39.483°N 6.367°W / 39.483; -6.367Coordinates: 39°29′N 6°22′W / 39.483°N 6.367°W / 39.483; -6.367
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Extremadura
Province Cáceres
Comarca Llanos de Cáceres
Judicial district Cáceres
  Mayor Elena Nevado del Campo (PP)
  Total 1,750.33 km2 (675.81 sq mi)
Elevation 459 m (1,506 ft)
Population (2014)
  Total 95,855
  Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Cacereños
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10001-10005
Website Official website
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Old Town of Cáceres
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv
Reference 384
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1986 (10th Session)

Cáceres (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaθeɾes]; Extremaduran: Caçris) is the capital of Cáceres province, in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. In 2014 its population was around 96,000. The municipio has a land area of 1,750.33 km2 (675.81 sq mi), the largest geographically in Spain. The walled city has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


There have been settlements near Cáceres since prehistoric times. Evidence of this can be found in the caves of Maltravieso and El Conejar.[1] The city was founded by the Romans in 25 BC.

The Old Town (Parte Antigua) still has its ancient walls; this part of town is also well known for its multitude of storks' nests. The walls contain a medieval town setting with no outward signs of modernity, which is why many films have been shot there . The Universidad de Extremadura, and two astronomical observatories are situated in Cáceres. The city is also a seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Coria-Cáceres.

Cáceres was declared a World Heritage City by UNESCO in 1986 [2] because of the city's blend of Roman, Moorish, Northern Gothic and Italian Renaissance architecture. Thirty towers from the Islamic period still stand in Cáceres, of which the Torre del Bujaco is the most famous.


The city of Cáceres is located in the province of Cáceres, in the Extremadura region of western central Spain. The city has a mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) which is tempered by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. In winter the average temperature does not exceed 14 °C (57 °F) maximum, reaching 8 °C (46 °F) minimum, with some frost. In summer the average maximum temperature is 34 °C (93 °F) and the average minimum is 19 °C (66 °F). Rainfall is abundant in the months of October, November, March, April and May, but very intermittent. [3]


Maltravieso Cave.

The origins of Cáceres were in prehistoric times, as evidenced by the paintings in the Cuevas de Maltravieso (Maltravieso Caves) which date back to the late Paleolithic period. Visitors can see remains from medieval times, the Roman occupation, Moorish occupation and the Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain. Cáceres has four main areas to be explored: the historical quarter, the Jewish quarter, the modern centre, and the outskirts.[5]

The first evidence of humans living in Cáceres is from the Late Paleolithic era, around 25,000 BC. Cáceres as a city was founded as Castra Caecilia by Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius and started to gain importance as a strategic city under Roman occupation, and remains found in the city suggest that it was a thriving center as early as 25 BC. Some remains of the first city walls built by the Romans in the 3rd and 4th centuries still exist, including one gateway, the Arco del Cristo.

La Paz Hermitage.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the city was occupied by the Visigoths, and entered a period of decline until the Arabs conquered Cáceres in the 8th century. The city spent the next few centuries mostly under Arab rule, although power alternated several times between Moors and Christians. During this time, the Arabs rebuilt the city, including a wall, palaces, and various towers, including the Torre de Bujaco. Cáceres was reconquered by the Christians in the 13th century (1229). During this period the city had an important Jewish quarter: in the 15th century when the total population was 2,000, nearly 140 Jewish families lived in Cáceres. The Jewish population was expelled by Queen Isabella and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1492, but many remains of the Jewish presence of the period can still be seen today in the Barrio San Antonio.

Cáceres flourished during the Reconquista and the Discovery of America, as influential Spanish families and nobles built homes and small palaces there, and many members of families from Extremadura participated in voyages to America where they made their fortunes. In the 19th century, Cáceres became the capital of the province, marking a period of growth which was halted by the Spanish Civil War. Today, the headquarters of the university as well as several regional government departments are to be found in Cáceres.

Las Veletas Palace.
San Francisco Javier Church.
Los Golfines de Abajo Palace.
Co-catedral de Santa María.
Tower of the Las Cigüeñas Palace.
La Estrella`s chemin de ronde in the Monumental City.

Main sights

Cathedrals and churches


Palaces and stately homes


Nature reserves and rural tourism



The city is served by the Cáceres railway station. Also, across the street is the bus terminal, with multiple buses daily to other cities.

Shopping and cuisine

The small streets in the historical centre have many small shops selling typical products. The convents sell homemade sweets and pastries. Typical wines from Extremadura are affordable, full-bodied reds. Local liqueurs include cherry liqueur from the nearby Jerte valley, or other original liqueurs such as chestnut and blackberry. Other produce in the Province include sheep's cheese (Torta del Casar, is not made of goat's milk, but with milk from merino sheep), fig cake, chestnuts, hams and other pork products, lamb, olive oil, and paprika (pimentón de la Vera).

Salt-cured ham and red wine are produced locally and are officially recognized by the Spanish government. Both goat's and sheep's cheese are produced by traditional methods and renowned throughout the country. Cáceres is also famous for its stews, roast meats (especially pork, lamb and game), fried breadcrumbs (migas), trout, pastries and honey.


The University of Extremadura (founded in 1973) has a campus in Cáceres.


Twin towns


Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Caceres.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cáceres (city).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cáceres.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.