Serra de Tramuntana

For other uses, see Tramontana (disambiguation).
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Cultural Landscape of Serra de Tramuntana
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Location Mallorca
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, v
Reference 1371
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Coordinates 39°43′51″N 2°41′41″E / 39.73083°N 2.69472°E / 39.73083; 2.69472
Inscription history
Inscription 2011 (35th Session)

The Serra de Tramuntana (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsɛrə ðe tɾəmunˈtanə], Spanish: Sierra de Tramontana) is a mountain range running southwest–northeast which forms the northern backbone of the Spanish island of Mallorca. It is also the name given to the comarca of the same area. On 27 June 2011, The Tramuntana Range was awarded World Heritage Status by UNESCO as an area of great physical and cultural significance.


The highest peak is the Puig Major, which, at its 1,445 metres is the highest mountain in the Balearic Islands. It is closely followed by the Puig de Massanella, which stands at 1,364 metres.

The climate in the Tramuntana Range is significantly wetter than the rest of the island, recording as much as 1507 mm (59.3 inches) of precipitation per year, in comparison with some other parts of the island where annual rainfall is less than 400mm (15 inch). It is also cooler due to the height and a few days of snow are not unusual during winter.

The Serra de Na Burguesa is the southernmost portion of the Tramuntana Range.

Municipalities in the region

Municipalities of the Serra de Tramuntana, Majorca
Municipality Population Surface area
Population density
(persons per km2)
Andratx 11,348 81.45 139.3
Banyalbufar 627 18.05 34.7
Bunyola 5,910 84.63 69.8
Calvià 50,777 144.97 350.3
Deià 754 15.12 49.9
Escorca 276 139.33 2.0
Esporles 4,696 35.27 133.1
Estellencs 388 13.39 29.0
Fornalutx 732 19.49 37.6
Pollença 16,997 151.44 116.4
Puigpunyent 1,763 42.28 41.7
Sóller 13,625 42.75 318.7
Valldemossa 1,977 42.84 46.2

Population as at 1 January 2008

Environmental protection

In June 2011, the entire mountain range, which has been preserved as an important nature reserve, outstanding in their geology and forest cover and harboring a diversity of plant and animal species, away from rapid urbanization, was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The UNESCO introductory statement refers to:

The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. Millennia of agriculture in an environment with scarce resources has transformed the terrain and displays an articulated network of devices for the management of water revolving around farming units of feudal origins. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works - including water mills - as well as dry stone constructions and farms.[1]


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