West End Historic District (Dallas)
|West End Historic District|
Tourists in the West End stroll down Market Street
Location in Dallas
|Elevation||423 ft (129 m)|
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 972|
Westend Historic District
|Location||Bounded by Lamar, Griffin, Wood, Market, and Commerce Sts., Dallas, Texas|
|Coordinates||32°46′44″N 96°48′21″W / 32.77889°N 96.80583°WCoordinates: 32°46′44″N 96°48′21″W / 32.77889°N 96.80583°W|
|Area||67.5 acres (27.3 ha)|
|Architectural style||Chicago, Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements, Romanesque|
|NRHP Reference #||78002918|
|Added to NRHP||November 14, 1978|
The West End Historic District of Dallas, Texas, is a historic district that includes a 67.5-acre (27.3 ha) area in northwest downtown (United States), generally north of Commerce, east of I-35E, west of Lamar and south of Woodall Rodgers Freeway. It is south of Victory Park, west of the Arts, City Center, and Main Street districts, and north of the Government and Reunion districts. The district is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places as Westend Historic District. The area is also a Dallas Landmark District.
The area that would become the West End originally consisted simply of a trading post, established by John Neely Bryan. In July 1872, the Houston & Texas Central Railroad arrived in downtown, attracting manufacturing companies whose warehouses would come to define the architecture of the West End.
The district reached nationwide prominence in the 1960s, when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in a Presidential motorcade traveling through Dealey Plaza. While the assassination brought the attention to the West End, the district's economy still struggled, with many businesses leaving the city center for suburban locations.
As development changed downtown Dallas and older buildings were demolished, local developer Preston Carter Jr. began the revitalization of the West End in June 1976 in an effort to preserve its history. Old warehouses and other brick buildings were converted to restaurants and shops. In November 1978, the West End Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Today, over seven million people visit the West End annually, making it one of the city's leading tourist attractions. In recent years the area has suffered a decline. The West End Marketplace, a massive mall/entertainment complex, closed its doors on June 30, 2006. However the development in Victory Park to the north may spur a rebirth.
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
- Old Red Museum
- Dallas World Aquarium
- Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education & Tolerance
- The Sixth Floor Museum, located in the Texas School Book Depository, the building from which Lee Harvey Oswald shot President John F. Kennedy according to the conclusions of four government investigations.
- A giant dinosaur greets visitors to the West End Market Place
- Looking west along Pacific Street at West End Station
The district is zoned to schools in the Dallas Independent School District.
Residents of the district south of Pacific are zoned to City Park Elementary School, Billy Earl Dade Middle School, and James Madison High School. Residents north of Pacific are zoned to Hope Medrano Elementary School, Thomas J. Rusk Middle School, and North Dallas High School.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Dallas Historical Society – Belo to demolish West End building. (Information on the district in article.) Retrieved 18 December 2006.
- Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Dallas ISD – 2006 School Feeder Patterns – James Madison High School. (Maps: ES: City Park; MS: Dade; HS: Madison.) Retrieved 31 December 2006.
- Dallas ISD – 2006 School Feeder Patterns – North Dallas High School. (Maps: ES: Medrano; MS: Rusk; HS: North Dallas.) Retrieved 31 December 2006.