Main street in Rottweil

Coat of arms

Coordinates: 48°10′5″N 8°37′29″E / 48.16806°N 8.62472°E / 48.16806; 8.62472Coordinates: 48°10′5″N 8°37′29″E / 48.16806°N 8.62472°E / 48.16806; 8.62472
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Rottweil
  Lord Mayor Ralf Broß
  Total 71.76 km2 (27.71 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
  Total 24,915
  Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78628, 78652 (Unterrotenstein)
Dialling codes 0741, 07427 (Neukirch)
Vehicle registration RW

Rottweil (/ʁɔtvaɪl/  listen ) is a town in southwest Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Rottweil has been a Free Imperial City for nearly 600 years.

Located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alps, Rottweil has about 25,000 inhabitants. The old town is famous for its medieval center and for its traditional carnival, (called "Fasnet" in the local Swabian dialect). It's the oldest town in Baden-Württemberg[2] and its appearance has changed very little since the 16th century.

Depiction of St. Veronica's sudarium over the portal of the Minster of the Holy Cross
A statue for Rottweiler dogs in Rottweil
Rottweiler "Fasnet" 2007


Imperial City of Rottweil
Reichsstadt Rottweil
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Rottweil
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
  Founded AD 73
   Gained Imp. immediacy 1140
  Treaty with Swiss 1463
  Swiss associate 1519
   Mediatised to Württemberg 1802
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Duchy of Württemberg
Imperial Abbey of Rottenmünster
Reichskloster Rottenmünster
Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Rottenmünster
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
  Founded 9 May 1224
   Gained Imp. immediacy 1237
  Razed by Württemberg in Thirty Years' War 1643
   Mediatised to Württemberg 23 November 1802
  Abbey abandoned 1850
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Imperial City of Rottweil
Duchy of Württemberg

Rottweil was founded by the Romans in AD 73 as Arae Flaviae and became a municipium, but there are traces of human settlement going back to 2000 BC. Roman baths and a mosaic of Orpheus (c. AD 180) date from the time of Roman settlement. The present town became a ducal and a royal court before 771 and in the Middle Ages it became a Free Imperial City in 1268.

In 1463 the city joined the Swiss Confederacy, with which it was closely aligned for several centuries. Both its status as free city and its alliance with the Swiss Confederacy were eventually lost with the conquest of the region by Napoleon in 1803.

Lord Mayors since the 19th century

Main sights


Sons and daughters of the town

International relations

Rottweil is twinned with:

See also


  1. "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
  2. Website of Dominikaner Museum Rottweil (retrieved May 22, 2014), on permanent display is a wooden table from August 4, AD 186 naming arae flaviae as municipium thus making Rottweil the oldest town in Baden-Württemberg
  3. Brown, Eliot. "Elevators Elevate German City's Image". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-10-27.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rottweil.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/3/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.