Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Urban district
  Lord Mayor Hansjörg Eger (CDU)
  Total 42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
  Total 50,284
  Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 67346
Dialling codes 06232
Vehicle registration SP
Website www.speyer.de

Speyer (older spelling Speier, known as Spire in French and formerly as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants. Located beside the river Rhine, Speyer is 25 km south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities. The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area. Around the year 500 the name Spira first appeared in written documents and, as well as the French, this is still reflected in the names Spira and Espira used in Italian and Spanish. The city's name may be the origin of the Ashkenazi Jewish name, Shapiro, and its variants.

Speyer is dominated by the Speyer Cathedral, a number of churches and the Altpörtel (old gate). In the cathedral, beneath the high altar, are the tombs of eight Holy Roman emperors and German kings.


Imperial Town of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Speyer
Languages Palatine German
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
  Founded ca 10 BC
   Gained Reichsfreiheit 1294
  Speyer Diet confirms Edict of Worms 19 April 1529
  Protestation at Speyer 20 April 1529
  Town razed by France 1688
  Annexed by France 1792
   Annexed to Bavaria 1816 1792
  Rhenish Palatinate merged into Rheinland-Pfalz 10 August 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bishopric of Speyer
Main article: History of Speyer
Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background


Main sights

Twin towns – sister cities

Speyer is twinned with:[2]

Notable natives

See also


  1. "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
  2. "Städtepartnerschaften" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  3. "International collaboration". gmiezno.eu. Gniezno. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  4. "Ningde (China)" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
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