Goods and services tax (Hong Kong)

The goods and services tax (GST) was a proposed value-added tax in Hong Kong. Consultation over a period of nine months was launched on 19 July 2006 and stirred considerable controversy.

It launched a fierce debate amongst local taxpayers, lawmakers, journalists, politicians, who hotly debated the need for the tax, and the shape any taxes should take. The plan to levy GST was dropped on 5 December 2006.


The Government argued that Hong Kong's tax base was narrow; thus, a single-rate GST was a viable option for Hong Kong in order to broaden the tax base and secure the sustainability of tax revenues base and the capacity to meet public expenditure needs in the long run.

The economic context

According to Denise Yue Chung-yee, 17% of working people paid 80% of the income tax of Hong Kong, i.e. households with monthly income more than HK$45,000 pay 80% of income tax of Hong Kong. Meanwhile, a significant portion of those 17% of working people were double income families. They are not really middle class, but only theoretically lower middle class who have economic ability of middle class. For example, a man who earns $40,000 a month pays "negligible" amount of income tax, while a family composed of a woman earning $30,000 and a man earning $30,000, totally earning $60,000 a month need to pay "very heavy" tax. The GST was supposed to curb this social problem. However, the marketing sector was getting to be the sector which employs most employees, and GST will harm the marketing sector. In addition, it was doubted whether households who earn around $20,000 a month had the economic ability to pay tax.

The Goods and Services Tax

The GST would be levied at a flat rate of 5%. The government would undertake to decrease or eliminate other taxes to make it revenue neutral.

Key features

Proposed relief measures

For individuals

For businesses

Pledge to maintain revenue neutrality

The Government proposed that, for the first five years after the GST's introduction, all revenue it would generate after deducting administrative costs would be returned to the community as tax relief and other compensation measures, for example, salaries or profits tax reduction, or to increasing public spending on education, health, social welfare, law and order or infrastructure.


The GST proposal was universally condemned by all the major parties in Legco.[1]

The first protest against GST was held on 7 August 2006 by the Liberal Party. Over 6000 people participated. The second protest against GST was held on 20 August 2006 by the Democratic Party. About 500 people participated.

According to Financial Secretary Henry Tang, the government had collected 2,200 written submissions in the five months of consultations - with 65 percent opposed to the plan and 30 percent in favour.[2]


In a surprise announcement made on 5 December 2006, Henry Tang Ying-yen withdrew the plan citing lack of public support. "It's clear ... that we've not been able to convince the majority to accept a GST as the main option to address the tax base problem," he said.[2] The withdrawal was linked to the comments, three days earlier, of Chinese state leader Wu Bangguo to senior Hong Kong officials "to keep their fingers on the pulse of the people" and to foster "social harmony", and to the impending sub-sector polls for the Election Committee which will pick the new Chief Executive in March 2007.[2] However, after the announcement, Henry Tang insisted the decision to withdraw the proposal was "entirely my own," and free of any political consideration.[3]

See also


  1. 立法會各大黨派一致聲討 議員怒斥政府分化社會 Appledaily 20060719
  2. 1 2 3 Chester Yung, "Sales tax sunk", The Standard, 6 December 2006
  3. Jonathan Cheng, "Tang chief loser with tax defeat", The Standard, 6 December 2006
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