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Salaries tax is a type of income tax that is levied in Hong Kong, chargeable on income from any office, employment and pension for a year of assessment arising in or derived from the territory. For purposes of calculating liability, the period of assessment is from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.
Salaries tax is also charged on the unrealized capital gain of shares or options granted as part of an employee share scheme that are subject to a vesting period. Events that trigger tax are when the vesting period ends or when the employee leaves Hong Kong.
Office basically refers to the holding of office as a director of the company resident in Hong Kong. Director's fee is fully taxable in Hong Kong irrespective where the director rendered services in Hong Kong or not.
Income derived from employment sourced in Hong Kong are taxable in Hong Kong. The source of employment is laid down in the Goepfert Rules and Departmental Interpretation and Practice Note No.10. However, those individuals who visit Hong Kong for not exceeding 60 days will be exempt from paying Salaries Tax. This provision is known as "sixty-day rule". Employment sourced in Hong Kong will be fully chargeable to Salaries Tax whereas offshore employment will be chargeable on a "time-in-time-out" basis, the taxable income of which will be apportioned by reference to the days staying at Hong Kong. Employment of a government civil servant is considered sourced in Hong Kong and therefore its income is always fully taxable in Hong Kong. The above-mentioned "sixty-day rule" shall not be applied to seamen and aircrew. Instead, they are bound by stricter conditions for exemption. To exempt from charge of Salaries tax, they shall be present in Hong Kong not more than 60 days in the year and not more than 120 days in the two consecutive years, one of them is the current tax year.
Pension will be considered to be sourced in Hong Kong if it is managed and controlled in Hong Kong.
Liability to tax
Employers must report details relating to new hires to the Inland Revenue Department within three months of the commencement of employment, which will enable to IRD to send out tax returns for the year of assessment. If the employee does not receive a return, he is required to send the Department a notification of chargeability by 31 July following the year of assessment.
The tax is payable directly by the taxpayer, who is also obliged to remit provisional salaries tax by instalments based on the previous year's liability.
Income subject to tax
- employment income and pensions arising or derived from Hong Kong, and
- income derived from services rendered in Hong Kong (other than from visits totalling 60 days or less in any given year), except for:
Under Commissioner of Inland Revenue v George Andrew Goepfert, the following factors must be taken into account to determine where the source of income arises for an employment (whether inside or outside the territory):
- where the contract of employment was negotiated, entered into and is enforceable;
- where the employer is resident; and
- where the employee's remuneration is paid to him.
- wages, salaries and other compensation (other than severance payment or long service payment on termination of employment) whether from the employer or another person,
- amounts received from a pension or provident fund connected with the employment,
- amounts received from a recognized occupational retirement scheme,
- the rental value of any place of residence provided rent-free (or any discount from the rental value from any rent paid) by the employer or an associated corporation, and
- any gain realized by the exercise of, or by the assignment or release of, a stock option.
Calculation of liability
Salaries tax is chargeable on the lower of:
- net chargeable income (total income less deductions and allowances)
- net total income (total income less deductions)
Deductions include expenses necessary for earning such income (such as professional membership dues for one association), expenses for self-education (subject to a ceiling of $80,000), charitable donations (subject to minimum and maximum limits), contributions to the Mandatory Provident Fund or other occupational retirement schemes, home loan interest (subject to a lifetime limit of 15 years) and elderly residential care expenses (subject to a ceiling of $76,000). Allowances are available for married persons, single parents and various dependents.
For the taxation year 2013/14, the rates are:
|Net chargeable income||Progressive rate||Net total income at standard rate|
|on the first $40,000||2%||15%|
|on the next $40,000||7%|
|on the next $40,000||12%|
|on the remainder||17%|
The tax payable is reduced by 75% (but such reduction cannot exceed $10,000).
- Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap 112, s.8(1)
- http://www.gov.hk/en/residents/taxes/salaries/salariestax/exemption/index.htm, Application for Full or Partial Exemption of Income under Salaries Tax - Directors, GovHK, retrieved on 17 Jan 2015.
- epartmental Interpretation and Practice Note No.10, Inland Revenue Department, retrieved on 17 Jan 2015
- Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap 112, s.8(1A)(b)(ii)
- Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap 112, s.8(1B)
- http://www.ird.gov.hk/eng/pdf/pam42e.pdf, A Guide to Salaries Tax for people coming to work in Hong Kong, Pamphlet issued by Inland Revenue Department, retrieved on 18 Jan 2015.
- Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap 112, s.8(2)(j)
- "A guide for first time salaries tax taxpayers" (PDF). Inland Revenue Department.
- "Inland Revenue Ordinance, Cap. 112, s. 8 (Charge of salaries tax)". Hong Kong Government.
- Inland Revenue Ordinance, s.8(1A)
- Commissioner of Inland Revenue v George Andrew Goepfert,  HKCFI 100; HCIA5/1986; 2 HKTC 210 (10 April 1987), Hong Kong Court of First Instance
- "Inland Revenue Ordinance, Cap. 112, s. 9 (Definition of income from employment)". Hong Kong Government.
- "A Guide to Salaries Tax (2)" (PDF). Inland Revenue Department.
- "A Guide to Salaries Tax (1)" (PDF). Inland Revenue Department.
- "A Brief Guide to Personal Assessment" (PDF). Inland Revenue Department.
- "Salaries Tax - What you need to know as an employee". Inland Revenue Department.
- "Departmental Interpretation and Practice Notes No. 10 (Revised): The Charge to Salaries Tax" (PDF). Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department. June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2013.