Development regions of Nepal

Development Regions of Nepal
Category Federated state
Location Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Number 5 (as of 2037 B.S.)
Government Region government
Subdivisions Zones
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As of 20 September 2015 Nepal is divided into 7 provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.

The administrative subdivisions of Nepal (provinces and districts).

Before the new constitution, Nepal was divided into five development regions (Nepali: विकास क्षेत्र), 14 administrative zones (Nepali: अञ्चल) and 75 districts (Nepali: जिल्ला). The 14 administrative zones were grouped into five development regions. Each district is headed by a Chief District Officer (CDO) responsible for maintaining law and order and coordinating the work of field agencies of the various government ministries.

The five development regions of Nepal were (from east to west):

Development Regions of Nepal
No. English name Nepali name Zones Districts (No.) Headquarters Population Area (km²)
1 Eastern Development Region पुर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Mechi
16 Dhankuta 5,811,555 28,456
2 Central Development Region मध्यमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Janakpur
19 Kathmandu 9,656,985 27,410
3 Western Development Region पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Gandaki
16 Pokhara 4,926,765 29,398
4 Mid-Western Development Regionमध्य पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Rapti
15 Birendranagar 3,546,682 42,378
5 Far-Western Development Region सुदुर पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Seti
9 Dipayal 2,552,517 19,539

King Birendra divided the entire Kingdom in 4 different regions in 2029 BS (1972). These regions were as belows:

  1. Eastern Development Region,
  2. Central Development Region,
  3. Western Development Region,
  4. Far-Western Development region.

To fill the gap between different parts of the nation by balanced or proportionate development. Eight years later in 2037(1982), he further divided the nation adding one more separate development region naming it as mid-western development region taking two zones from Far Western Development region Seti and Mahakali.[1]

See also


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