President of Nepal

President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Bidhya Devi Bhandari

since 29 October 2015
Style The Right Honourable
Residence Shital Niwas
Appointer Indirect election
Term length Five years, renewable once in succession
Inaugural holder Ram Baran Yadav
Formation 28 May 2008 (2008-05-28)
Deputy Vice President of Nepal
Salary NPR 1,09,410 (monthly)[1]

The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: राष्ट्रपति) is the head of state of Nepal. The office was created after the country was declared a republic in May 2008. The first President of Nepal was Ram Baran Yadav. The current President of Nepal is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, elected in October 2015. She is the first female head of state of Nepal. The President is to be formally addressed as "The Right Honourable (Nepali: सम्माननीय)".

Election and powers

The President is elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of Nepal and the members of the provincial legislatures.

Whoever receives a majority of the delegates' votes is elected. If no one receives a majority in the first round, runoffs are held between the top two candidates until one receives a majority.

The presidential term is five years. A President may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in succession.

The President's powers are almost entirely ceremonial. In most parliamentary republics, the president is vested with executive powers on paper, but is bound by convention to act on the advice of the prime minister and the government. In Nepal, however, the President is not even the nominal chief executive, as the Constitution explicitly vests executive power in the Council of Ministers and the Prime Minister.

History of the Presidency

Under the Interim Constitution adopted in January 2007, all powers of governance were removed from the King of Nepal, and the Nepalese Constituent Assembly elected in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election was to decide in its first meeting whether to continue the monarchy or to declare a republic. During the suspension of the monarchy, Girija Prasad Koirala, then Prime Minister of Nepal, acted as Head of State. On 28 May 2008, the Assembly voted to abolish the monarchy. Dr. Ram Baran Yadav won the historic election from the Constituent Assembly, and was sworn in as the nation's first president ending a 247 year old monarchy.

Presidents of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present)

Portrait Elected Took office Left office Vice President Votes
1 Ram Baran Yadav
Nepali presidential election of 2008 23 July 2008 29 October 2015 Parmanand Jha
308 / 601

(2nd round)
2 Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nepali presidential election of 2015 29 October 2015 Incumbent Nanda Kishor Pun
327 / 601
Bidhya Devi Bhandari had previously held the post of Minister of Defence in the Government of Nepal

Latest election

Presidential election

Candidate Parties Votes
Bidhya Devi Bhandari Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) 327
Kul Bahadur Gurung Nepali Congress 214
Invalid votes 37

See also

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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  1. "Salary of President". Naya Patrika. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
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