Chilean general election, 1932

Chilean general election, 1932
30 October 1932

Nominee Arturo Alessandri Marmaduke Grove
Party Liberal New Public Action
Popular vote 187,914 60,856
Percentage 55.1% 17.6%

Nominee Héctor Rodríguez Enrique Zañartu Prieto
Party Conservative United Liberal
Popular vote 47,207 42,885
Percentage 13.7% 12.4%

President before election

Abraham Oyanedel


Arturo Alessandri

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General elections were held in Chile on 30 October, 1932.[1] Arturo Alessandri of the Liberal Party was elected president, whilst the Conservative Party and Radical Party emerged as the largest parties in the Chamber of Deputies.


The election took place roughly a year after the previous election, but political and economical instability caused by the Great Depression which took its bottom point in mid-1932, did only make the situation turn worse. President Montero had to resign shortly after a mutiny led by Marmaduque Grove, who headed the Socialist Republic of Chile until being overtrown by former-ally Carlos Davila who also became overtrown, this time by Bartolome Blanche who after his downfall Abraham Oyanedel became head of state. The return of Alessandri became so highly awaited that he won the election in a landslide ending a turbulent and bitter year for the country, being considered today as the worst one in Chilean history.

Electoral system

The presidential election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]



Candidate Party Votes %
Arturo AlessandriLiberal Party189,91455.1
Marmaduke GroveSocialist60,85617.6
Héctor Rodríguez de la CottaConservative Party47,20713.7
Enrique Zañartu PrietoUnited Liberal Party42,88512.4
Elías LafferteCommunist Party4,1281.2
Invalid/blank votes902
Registered voters/turnout464,87974.4
Source: Nohlen


Party Votes % Seats
Radical Party 13
Conservative Party 10
Liberal Party 5
Radical Socialist Party 5
Democratic Party 4
Democrat Party 3
New Napista Action 2
Doctrinal Liberal Party 1
United Liberal Party 1
Republican Social Party 1
Total 45
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Radical Party59,41318.134–5
Conservative Party55,26016.834+6
Liberal Party32,6459.918–16
Democratic Party25,2217.713New
Democrat Party19,8196.07–15
Unified Liberal Party18,8855.86New
Socialist parties[a]18,6425.75New
Radical Socialist Party18,1745.58New
Social Republican Party7,0092.14New
Agrarian Party6,5801.04New
Doctrinal Liberal Party5,6431.72New
Communist Party3,3501.01New
Social Democracy Party3,0290.91New
Liberal Democratic Party1,6860.51New
Other parties22,2656.80
Invalid/blank votes
Registered voters/turnout429,772
Source: Nohlen

a The Socialist parties included New Public Action (9,790 votes) and Chilean Socialists (5,352 votes).[3]


Following the elections, three of the independent candidates elected to the Chamber of Deputies joined the Communist Party.[4]


  1. Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. Nohlen, p259
  3. Nohlen, p270
  4. Nohlen, p280
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