Chilean presidential election, 1938

Presidential election, 1938
Sunday 30 October 1938

Turnout 72.44% Decrease9.5%
Candidate Pedro Aguirre Cerda Gustavo Ross
Party Radical Liberal
Alliance Popular Front Right-Wing
Popular vote 222,720 218,609
Percentage 50.45% 49.52%
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Presidential elections were held in Chile on 25 October 1938.[1] The result was a narrow victory for Pedro Aguirre Cerda of the Radical Party, who received 50.5% of the vote.

Electoral system

The election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]


Candidate Party Votes %
Pedro Aguirre CerdaRadical Party222,72050.5
Gustavo Ross Santa MaríaLiberal Party218,60949.5
Carlos Ibáñez del CampoPopular Freedom Alliance1120.0
Invalid/blank votes3,970
Registered voters/turnout503,87188.4
Source: Nohlen


  1. Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. Nohlen, p259
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