Austrian Federal Railways

"ÖBB" and "OEBB" redirect here. For other uses, see OBB.
Austrian Federal Railways
Industry Transport
Predecessor Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways
Austrian Southern Railway
Founded 1923 (refounded 2004)
Headquarters Vienna, Austria
Area served
Central Europe
Key people
Andreas Matthä
Products Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Revenue Increase 5,239 million (2013)[1]
Increase € 103 million (2013)[1]
Increase € 5,17 Mrd(2015)[1]
Number of employees
Railjet (RJ), the high-speed-train of ÖBB
Map of the Intercity-Express (ICE) network in Austria
A ÖBB EuroCity (EC) train in Bozen, South Tyrol
RegionalExpress train (REX) in Vienna
Regional train (R) in Styria
The Vienna S-Bahn is a suburban metro railway network in the Metropolitan area of Vienna
A freight train of Rail Cargo Austria
The ÖBB runs 9 classification yards in Austria
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, a junction between local and long-distance transport routes
The current main hall of Linz Hauptbahnhof
Typical commuter rail station south of Vienna

The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways. The ÖBB group is owned entirely by the Republic of Austria and is divided into several separate businesses that manage the infrastructure and operate passenger and freight services.

The Austrian Federal Railways has had two discrete periods of existence. It was first formed in 1923, using the Bundesbahn Österreich name, as a successor to the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (kkStB), but was incorporated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn during the 1938-1945 Anschluss. It was reformed in 1947, using the slightly different Österreichische Bundesbahnen name, and remains in existence in this form.

Major changes currently being made to the Austrian railway network are the construction of the Wien Hauptbahnhof (Vienna main station), the Koralm Railway, the Semmering Base Tunnel and the Brenner Base Tunnel connection with Italy.


The Austrian rail system is largely electrified. Electrification of the system began in 1912 but did not reach an advanced state until the 1950s. The last steam locomotive in regular service on the standard gauge network was retired in 1978.

The post-war laws related to the Austrian railways were the:

The various logos of the ÖBB over time

Current structure

By a law of August 2009, the organisational structure dating from 2005 was further modified; the railways are under the control of ÖBB-Holding AG, a holding company wholly owned by the Austrian state, under the Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie.[5]

The holding company has (2014) a number of subsidiaries[6]

Operating subsidiary:

Subsidiary companies of ÖBB-Holding AG:

Subsidiary companies of ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG and Rail Cargo Austria AG are:


The infrastructure of the state-owned Austrian network is managed by ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, which was formed from former infrastructure-related units including Brenner Eisenbahn GmbH. It now manages 9,740 km of track, 788 signal boxes, 247 tunnels, 6,207 bridges and eight hydro-electric power (hep) stations for the 16.7 Hz electrification system, and two hep stations for 50 Hz power generation.

At the end of 2009 it employed 17,612 staff.[5]

Österreichische Bundesbahnen
Sales Infrastructure
Passenger transport Network
Freight transport Tracks
Traction Signal-/System technology
Technical services Telekom
Power plants Energy network
Facility management Planning/Engineering
Facility management


According to the Annual Report 2013, the company employs 39,513, there of 13,599 employees, 24,251 tenured employees and 1,663 apprentices. In 2013, ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG carried 469 million passengers of which 235 million were bus passengers.[7] The ÖBB has

Principal Lines

Rail links to adjacent countries

All neighbouring railways have the same gauge.

Active Rolling Stock

Electric Locomotives

Diesel Locomotives

Electrical multiple units

Diesel Railcars

Maintenance of way equipment

See also

Other railways in Austria


  1. 1 2 3 "(untitled)" (PDF). ÖBB. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 27, 2014.
  2. ÖBB-Holding AG. "Aufgaben".
  3. "„Verdrängte Jahre – Bahn und Nationalsozialismus in Österreich 1938–1945"" (in German). Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  4. "The Suppressed Years Railway and National Socialism in Austria 1938 – 1945" (PDF). ÖBB. 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  5. 1 2 Richter, Karl Arne, ed. (2010). Europäische Bahnen '11. Hamburg: Eurailpress. ISBN 978-3-7771-0413-3.
  6. "Organigramm". ÖBB. 3 March 2014.
  7. "Daten & Fakten". ÖBB.

External links

Media related to Österreichische Bundesbahnen at Wikimedia Commons

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