Makedonski Železnici

National railway Makedonski Železnici
Infrastructure company Makedonski Železnici - Infrastruktura
Passenger km 154.705.000
System length
Total 925 kilometres (575 mi)
Electrified 315 kilometres (196 mi)
Track gauge
Main 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Main 25 kV 50 Hz AC
No. stations 117

Makedonski Železnici (MŽ) (Македонски Железници, Macedonian Railways) is the public enterprise for railways in the Republic of Macedonia. Railway operations are run by Makedonski Železnici and the infrastructure maintained by Makedonski Železnici - Infrastruktura.

The Republic of Macedonia is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for the Republic of Macedonia is 65.

Macedonian Railways operates 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge gauge rail tracks in Macedonia and maintains 925 km (575 mi) of lines, 315 km (196 mi) of which are electrified with the 25 kV 50 Hz AC system.


Macedonian Railways operates a large number of train sets, which consist of passenger trains (Diesel and electric trains) and freight trains.

A contract for the purchase of 6 new passenger train sets, manufactured by China's CRRC Corporation at the Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Works, was signed in 2014. The first train-set is expected to arrive in August 2015. Each train consists of 3 rail cars, and is designed to carry 200 passengers. They will be used on routes from Skopje to Bitola, Gevgelija, Tetovo, Kumanovo, and Veles.[1] This is the first time Macedonia buys new passenger train sets since its independence,[1] and the first time a Chinese EMU or DMU manufacturer enters the European market.[2]


The train station in Bitola

The first standard gauge line in the area, from Skopje to Thessaloniki was built in 1873 during Ottoman rule.

Macedonia has a well-developed railroad system. It is connected to Kosovo via Volkovo in the northwest, to Serbia via Tabanovci in the north and to Greece via Gevgelija in the southeast and via Kremenica in the southwest. Macedonia's main rail line between the Serbian and Greek borders, from Tabanovci to Gevgelija, is entirely electrified.

The main train station in Macedonia is Skopje.

All domestic lines are operated by Macedonian Railways, with links from Skopje to Tetovo, Gostivar and Kicevo in the west, to Volkovo in the northwest, to Kumanovo and Tabanovci in the north, to Sveti Nikole, Štip, and Kocani in the east, to Veles, Negotino and Gevgelija in the south - southeast and to Bogomila, Prilep and Bitola in the southwest.

According to a local journalists' report dated 2011, passenger service within the country is quite slow, and trains and stations are often poorly maintained. Nonetheless, the inexpensive rail service is well patronized, and on occasions trains are standing-room only.[3]

Rolling stock

Electric Locomotives

DesignationProducerTotal unitsPower output(kwh) Wheel arrangementTop speedBuilding yearsNotesImage
MŽ 441Rade Končar Zagreb 83800 kWBo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h)1969–1988
MŽ 442Rade Končar Zagreb303800 kWBo'Bo' 120 km/h (140 km/h)2001Series 442 was obtained by restoring and thyristorizing of
3 former HŽ 1141 locomotives.
MŽ 461Electroputere3 5100 kW Co'Co'120 km/h1972-1980
MŽ 462 Rade Končar Zagreb 2 5100 kW Co'Co' 120 km/h 2008 Series 462 was obtained by restoring and thyristorizing of
2 MŽ 461 locomotives.

Diesel Locomotives

DesignationProducerTotal unitsTypePower output in kwhWheel arrangementTop speedBuilding yearsNotesImage
MŽ 642Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
8Diesel electric shunter606 kWBo'Bo'80 km/h1960-1964
MŽ 643Brissonneau et Lotz
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
3Diesel electric shunter680 kWBo'Bo'80 km/h1967
Đuro Đaković Slavonski Brod
23Diesel electric1454 kWCo'Co'114 km/h (124 km/h)1960–1971

Electric Multiple Units

DesignationProducerTotal unitsPower output in kwhWheel arrangementTop speedBuilding yearsNotesImage
MŽ 412Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 31360 kWBo'Bo'+2'2'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'130 km/h1985–1986's
MŽ 411Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd. 2 Bo'+2'+2'+Bo'160 km/h2015–2016's

Diesel Multiple Units

DesignationProducerTotal unitsPower output in kwhWheel arrangementTop speedBuilding yearsNotesImage
MŽ 712MACOSA192x 210 kWB'B'+2'2'+B'B'120 km/h1981-1986
MZ 711 Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd. 4 Bo'+2'+2'+Bo' 160 km/h 2015-2016

International connections and services

The train station in Prilep

The main north - south line from Niš in Serbia to the port of Thessaloniki in Greece on the Aegean Sea (Corridor X), passes through Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino, Demir Kapija, Miravci and Gevgelija.

Intercity trains link Kumanovo, Skopje, Zelenikovo, Veles, Negotino (Kavadarci), Demir Kapija, Miravci (Valandovo) and Gevgelija (Bogdanci) with Serbian Railways and Greek railways.

Connections to Bulgarian State Railways are via Niš in Serbia and via Thessaloniki in Greece.

Intercity trains link Skopje with Kosovo Railways.

In 2010, Makedonski Železnici joined Cargo 10, a joint venture with other railways in the region.[4]


Corridor VIII

Skopje train station

In the planning stage is a project to construct new rail links connecting to the existing east - west line (Beljakovci, Kumanovo, Skopje, Tetovo, Gostivar and Kičevo):

Corridor X

The Ministry of Transport and Communication has begun studies for the renewal and reconstruction of several section of the corridor X:


  1. 1 2 New Chinese Trains to Arrive in Macedonia in August, July 7, 2015
  2. “走出去”的中国动车串起世界“经济圈”, 2015-7-17
  3. Aleksandar Pisarev (Александар Писарев), Патување со Македонски железници (Traveling with Makedonski Železnici), 2011-05-11
  4. "Macedonian railways to join Cargo 10". ICT magazine. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
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