Teófilo Duarte

Teófilo Duarte
Colonial governor of Cape Verde
In office
Preceded by Abel Fontoura da Costa
Succeeded by Manuel Firmino de Almeida da Maia Magalhães
Colonial governor of Portuguese Timor
In office
Preceded by Raimundo Enes Meira
Succeeded by Cesário Augusto de Almeida Viana
Personal details
Born 6 October 1898
Idanha-a-Nova, Oledo
Died 16 May 1958
Nationality Portuguese

Teófilo Duarte (6 October 1898 – 16 May 1958) was a Portuguese colonial administrator, a military personnel and a politician. He was leader of the Portuguese Legion, the Minister of Colony and took part in administrative roles in different companies in the Portuguese overseas colonies.[1]


He was born in Idanha-a-Nova in Oledo.

He studied at São Fiel College, a Jesuit college in Covilhã and later made preparations for admission to the Military School at the University of Coimbra, as a cavalier. In 1914, he was promoted an officer, he was arrested in 1916 for collaborating with a communal revolt led by Machado Santos on December 13. In the followng year, he took part in a revolt led by Sidónio Pais, having commanded the 7th Cavalry Regiment. He was later posted as captain.

He became governor of Cape Verde from 1918 to 1919.,[2][3] the year that a democratic revolution took place in Covilhã and Álvaro de Castro in Santarém.

After the death of Sidónio Pais, he was high commissioner of the Castelo Branco district, he had took part in a revolt against the government of José Relvas, later he went to prison for six months. In 1920, he was fired from the Portuguese Army.

He was Governor of Portuguese Timor from 30 September 1926 to 22 December 1928.[4][5][6]

Between 1936 and 1937, he was member of the Central Board of the Portuguese Legion which was run by rJoão Pinto da Costa Leite (Lumbrales) presiding João Nepomuceno Namorado de Aguiar as commander-general, Armando Álvaro Gil Fortée Rebelo and Artur Águedo de Oliveira. He was removed from the post in 1937 and resulted in a great internal crisis that occurred in June.

He was Minister of Colonies from 2 February 1947 to 2 August 1950, director of the Mozambique Company and Benguela Railway Company.

On 1 September 1950, he was awarded with the Grand Cross of the Military Order of Christ.[7]


Published works

He wrote several journals including:

He had also written several articles in the review Portugal Colonial (Colonial Portugal)[8] which existed between 1931 and 1937.

See also


  1. Barreto, Madalena. Teófilo Duarte (PDF). History and Anthropology of "Portuguese Timor", 1850-1975. An Online Dictionary of Biographies. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  2. "Cape Verde". rulers.org.
  3. "Cape Verde". worldstatesmen.org.
  4. "History of East Timor" (PDF). Technical University of Lisbon. (pdf)
  5. "Portuguese Timor". rulers.org.
  6. "Portuguese Timor". worldstatesmen.org.
  7. 1 2 "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas" (in Portuguese). Presidency of the Portuguese Republic. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  8. Rita Correia (11 June 2014). "Ficha histórica:Portugal colonial : revista de propaganda e expansão colonial (1931-1937)" (PDF). Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
Preceded by
Abel Fontoura da Costa
Colonial governor of Cape Verde
Succeeded by
Manuel Firmino de Almeida da Maia Magalhães
Preceded by
Raimundo Enes Meira
Governor of Portuguese Timor
Succeeded by
Cesário Augusto de Almeida Viana
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