Januário Correia de Almeida
|Januário Correia de Almeida|
Januário Correia de Almeida
|Colonial governor of Cape Verde|
|Preceded by||Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Joaquim Franco|
|Colonial governor of Portuguese India|
|Preceded by||José Ferreira Pestana|
|Succeeded by||Joaquim José Macedo e Couto|
|Colonial governor of Macau|
|Preceded by||António Sérgio de Sousa|
|Succeeded by||José Maria Lobo de Ávila|
March 31, 1829|
27 May 1901|
Januário Correia de Almeida (31 March 1829 – 27 May 1901) was a Portuguese colonial administrator and a diplomat. He was the first Baron of São Januário, the Viscount of São Januário and later the Count of São Januário.
Correia de Almeira was born in Oeiras to Januário Correia de Almeida (c. 1805 - 1835) and Bárbara Luísa dos Santos Pinto (c. 1800 - 1860).
He was assigned to a square, volunteered in a second battalion on 4 November 1842. He later attended the Faculty of Sciences at the Unviersity of Coimbra and was a bachelor in mathematics and philosophy, and attended a military school and graduated as a post of a tennant. He later began his military career.
Director of Public works in Cape Verde and Governor-General of Cape Verde
In his civil career, he made many importance, he was director of public works in the District of Cape Verde in 1857. Between 1858 and 1860, he repaired Fortaleza de São José da Amura in Bissau (later part of Portuguese Guinea, now part of Guinea-Bissau) In 1860, he was the 82nd governor general of the Province of Cape Verde after succeeding Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses. As Director of Public Works, he constructed an outhouse at the Porto Praia, the city hall, quarters and streets in the island of Santiago and elsewhere on the islands of São Vicente and Fogo and other important works including a lyceum in the then provincial capital. He was succeeded by Carlos Joaquim Franco not long after in 1861, he offered to Cape Verdeans the Sword of Honour and a Portuguese Gold Medal.
As civil governor
He returned to Portugal and became Director of Public Works for the districts of Braga, and Viana do Castelo. On 15 January 1862, he was civil governor of the District of Funchal up to 20 October 1862 and later became the 25th governor of the Braga District until 26 December 1864. He was later promoted as captain on 19 March 1863. He became a royal commissioner for Vila Real District in February 1864. He became the Baron of São Januário by King Louis I unter the decree of 10 February 1866, later he was Viscount of São Januário under the decree of 9 September 1867.
Governor of Portuguese India
Between 1870 and 1875, he was the 96th colonial governor of Portuguese India. There was a military revolt during his tenure and he brought troops from Lisbon including the corvette Estefânia and the steamboat İndia and was commanded by Dom Augusto de Bragança, Duke of Coimbra and did not came into action. In Bombay (now Mumbai), he published a book titled Duas Palavras Acerca da Última Revolta do Exército da Índia (lit. Two Works on the Latest Revolt in Portuguese India).
- Grand Cross of the Military Order of Christ of Portugal
Governor of Macau
Diplomat in China, Japan and Siam
- Grand Cross of the Order of Christ of Portugal
- Grand Cross of the Order of Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Vila Viçosa ofPortugal
- Grand Cross of the Military Order of Aviz of Portugal
- Commander of the Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword of Portugal
- Gold Medal of Good Services of the Portugal
- Gold Medal of the Exemplar of the Portugal
- Grand Cross of the Order of Isabel the Catholic of Spain
- Grand Cross of the Military Order of Merit of Spain
- Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus of Sardinia and Italy
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Siam (in 1874)
- Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Cambodia (in 1874)
- Grand Crest of the Order of Leopold of Beldium
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword of Sweden
- Grand Crest of the Order of the Rising Sun of Japan (in 1874)
- Dignitary of the Order of the Rose of Brazil
- Grand-Official of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of France
- Grand-Official of the Order of Public Instructions of France
He returned to Lisbon in 1875 and was one of the founders of the Lisbon Geographic Society and became an honorary president. He was promoted to a major on 21 January 1876.
He later married Maria Clementina de Lancastre Vasconcelos e Sousa Leme Corte-Real (Porto, Sé, 21 de Setembro de 1865 - Lisboa, São João, Convento de Santos-o-Novo, 26 de Janeiro de 1939) who was daughter of Manuel Cardoso Rangel de Quadros Corte-Real (10 de Agosto de 1824 - 31 de Março de 1877) and Maria Teresa de Lancastre e Vasconcelos de Sousa Leme and had two children, Maria Teresa Correia de Almeida and Maria do Patrocínio Correia de Almeida. One of his grandchildren was D. Tomás Maria de Almeida.
He retired from politics. He died in Oeiras in 1901.
- List of colonial governors of Cape Verde
- List of governors of Portuguese India
- List of colonial governors of Macau
- History of Cape Verde
- "Cape Verde". rulers.org.
- "Cape Verde". worldstatesmen.org.
- "Tratado de Todos os Vice-Reis e Governadores da Índia", Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, Lisboa, 1962, p. 223
- "List of governors of Portuguese India".
- "Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil", Direcção de Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, 2nd Edition, Lisbon, 1989, Volume III, p. 321
- "Macau". rulers.org.
- "Macau". worldstatesmen.org.
- "Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil", Direcção de Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, 2nd Edition, Lisbon, 1989, Volume III, p. 320
- "A Ordem Militar de Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Vila Viçosa", Francisco Belard da Fonseca, Casa de Bragança Foundation, Lisboa, 1955, p. 11 e 49
- She was baptized in the See of Porto on 28 September 1865
- Pedro Gastão Mesnier, Viagem de S.ª Ex.ª o Sr. Visconde de S. Januário, Governador-Geral da Índia Portuguesa às Praças do Norte, Bombaim, Damão, Dio, Praganá, Surate, etc., Nova Goa, 1875
Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses
|Colonial governor of Cape Verde
| Succeeded by|
Carlos Joaquim Franco
José Ferreira Pestana
|Colonial governor of Portuguese India
| Succeeded by|
Joaquim José Macedo e Couto
António Sérgio de Sousa
|Colonial governor of Macau
| Succeeded by|
José Maria Lobo de Ávila