Januário Correia de Almeida

Januário Correia de Almeida

Januário Correia de Almeida
Colonial governor of Cape Verde
In office
Preceded by Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses
Succeeded by Carlos Joaquim Franco
Colonial governor of Portuguese India
In office
Preceded by José Ferreira Pestana
Succeeded by Joaquim José Macedo e Couto
Colonial governor of Macau
In office
Preceded by António Sérgio de Sousa
Succeeded by José Maria Lobo de Ávila
Personal details
Born March 31, 1829
Died 27 May 1901
Nationality Portuguese

Januário Correia de Almeida (31 March 1829 – 27 May 1901) was a Portuguese colonial administrator and a diplomat.[1][2] He was the first Baron of São Januário, the Viscount of São Januário and later the Count of São Januário.


Early life

Correia de Almeira was born in Oeiras to Januário Correia de Almeida (c. 1805 - 1835) and Bárbara Luísa dos Santos Pinto (c. 1800 - 1860).

Military career

He was assigned to a square, volunteered in a second battalion on 4 November 1842. He later attended the Faculty of Sciences at the Unviersity of Coimbra and was a bachelor in mathematics and philosophy, and attended a military school and graduated as a post of a tennant. He later began his military career.

Director of Public works in Cape Verde and Governor-General of Cape Verde

In his civil career, he made many importance, he was director of public works in the District of Cape Verde in 1857. Between 1858 and 1860, he repaired Fortaleza de São José da Amura in Bissau (later part of Portuguese Guinea, now part of Guinea-Bissau) In 1860, he was the 82nd governor general of the Province of Cape Verde after succeeding Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses. As Director of Public Works, he constructed an outhouse at the Porto Praia, the city hall, quarters and streets in the island of Santiago and elsewhere on the islands of São Vicente and Fogo and other important works including a lyceum in the then provincial capital. He was succeeded by Carlos Joaquim Franco not long after in 1861, he offered to Cape Verdeans the Sword of Honour and a Portuguese Gold Medal.

As civil governor

He returned to Portugal and became Director of Public Works for the districts of Braga, and Viana do Castelo. On 15 January 1862, he was civil governor of the District of Funchal up to 20 October 1862 and later became the 25th governor of the Braga District until 26 December 1864. He was later promoted as captain on 19 March 1863. He became a royal commissioner for Vila Real District in February 1864. He became the Baron of São Januário by King Louis I unter the decree of 10 February 1866, later he was Viscount of São Januário under the decree of 9 September 1867.

Governor of Portuguese India

Between 1870 and 1875, he was the 96th colonial governor of Portuguese India. There was a military revolt during his tenure and he brought troops from Lisbon including the corvette Estefânia and the steamboat İndia and was commanded by Dom Augusto de Bragança, Duke of Coimbra and did not came into action. In Bombay (now Mumbai), he published a book titled Duas Palavras Acerca da Última Revolta do Exército da Índia (lit. Two Works on the Latest Revolt in Portuguese India).[3][4][5]

Governor of Macau

In his career as the 60th governor alongside the 51st governor of Portuguese Timor (a subordinate of Macau), he defended the city of Macau from invasion by Chinese pirates.[6][7]

Diplomat in China, Japan and Siam

In 1874, he was minister plenipotentiary to China, Japan and Siam, achieving that China had recognized the rights of Portugal on the Hainan peninsula, later he organized consular service in Japan.[5]


He received decorations including:[8]

Academic life

He returned to Lisbon in 1875 and was one of the founders of the Lisbon Geographic Society and became an honorary president. He was promoted to a major on 21 January 1876.[8]


He later married Maria Clementina de Lancastre Vasconcelos e Sousa Leme Corte-Real (Porto, Sé, 21 de Setembro de 1865[10] - Lisboa, São João, Convento de Santos-o-Novo, 26 de Janeiro de 1939) who was daughter of Manuel Cardoso Rangel de Quadros Corte-Real (10 de Agosto de 1824 - 31 de Março de 1877) and Maria Teresa de Lancastre e Vasconcelos de Sousa Leme and had two children, Maria Teresa Correia de Almeida and Maria do Patrocínio Correia de Almeida. One of his grandchildren was D. Tomás Maria de Almeida.

Later life

He retired from politics. He died in Oeiras in 1901.

See also


  1. "Cape Verde". rulers.org.
  2. "Cape Verde". worldstatesmen.org.
  3. "Tratado de Todos os Vice-Reis e Governadores da Índia", Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, Lisboa, 1962, p. 223
  4. "List of governors of Portuguese India".
  5. 1 2 "Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil", Direcção de Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, 2nd Edition, Lisbon, 1989, Volume III, p. 321
  6. "Macau". rulers.org.
  7. "Macau". worldstatesmen.org.
  8. 1 2 "Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil", Direcção de Afonso Eduardo Martins Zúquete, Editorial Enciclopédia, 2nd Edition, Lisbon, 1989, Volume III, p. 320
  9. "A Ordem Militar de Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Vila Viçosa", Francisco Belard da Fonseca, Casa de Bragança Foundation, Lisboa, 1955, p. 11 e 49
  10. She was baptized in the See of Porto on 28 September 1865

Further reading

Preceded by
Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses
Colonial governor of Cape Verde
Succeeded by
Carlos Joaquim Franco
Preceded by
José Ferreira Pestana
Colonial governor of Portuguese India
Succeeded by
Joaquim José Macedo e Couto
Preceded by
António Sérgio de Sousa
Colonial governor of Macau
Succeeded by
José Maria Lobo de Ávila
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