Takpa language

Tawang Monpa
Region India; Bhutan; Lhoka, Tibet
Ethnicity Takpa people
Native speakers
9,100 in India (2006)[1]
2,000 in Bhutan (2011);[2] 1,300 in China (2000 census)[3]
Tibetan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
dka  Dakpa
twm  Tawang Monpa
Glottolog dakp1242[4]

The Takpa or Dakpa language (Dzongkha: Tibetan: དཀ་པ་ཁ་, Wylie: dak pa kha , Dakpakha, known in India as Tawang Monpa,[5] is an East Bodish language spoken in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, claimed by Tibet as a part of Lho-kha Sa-khul, and in northern Trashigang District in eastern Bhutan, mainly in Chaleng, Phongmed Gewog, Yobinang, Dangpholeng and Lengkhar near Radi Gewog.[6][7] Van Driem (2001) describes Takpa as the most divergent of Bhutan's East Bodish languages,[8] though it shares many similarities with Bumthang. SIL reports that Takpa may be a dialect of the Brokpa language and that it been influenced by the Dzala language whereas Brokpa has not.[7]

Takpa is mutually unintelligible with Monpa of Zemithang and Monpa of Mago-Thingbu. There is no data currently available for these two languages, so they may or may not be Bodish.[9]

Wangchu (2002) reports that Tawang Monpa is spoken in Lhou, Seru, Lemberdung, and Changprong villages, Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

See also


  1. ISO change request
  2. Dakpa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. Tawang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Dakpakha". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  6. van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan" (PDF). London: SOAS. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  7. 1 2 "Dakpakha". Ethnologue Online. Dallas: SIL International. 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  8. van Driem, George (2001). Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill Publishers.
  9. Blench, Roger; Post, Mark (2011), (De)classifying Arunachal languages: Reconstructing the evidence (PDF)

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