Gurung language

Tamu Kyi
Native to Nepal
Ethnicity Gurung people
Native speakers
360,000 (2007)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Nepal Burma India China
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gvr
Glottolog guru1261[2]
Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali, Gurung, Kiranti, Rai, Limbu, Nepal Bhasa, Pahari, Tamang

Gurung (also, Tamu Kyi, Devanagari:तमु क्यी) is spoken by the Gurung people in two dialects with limited mutual intelligibility. Total number of all Gurung speakers in Nepal is 227,918 (1991 census). There is no distinction between Gurung as an ethnic group and the number of people who actually speak the language.

Nepali, Nepal's official language, is an Indo-European language, whereas Gurung is a Sino-Tibetan language. Gurung are recognized as an official nationality by the Government of Nepal.

Geographical distribution

Gurung is spoken in the following districts of Nepal (Ethnologue).


Some miscellaneous grammatical features of the Gurung languages are;

Phonetically, Gurung languages are tonal.

Writing system

Gurung languages did not originally have a script but they can be written using Tibetan scripts adopted by many castes belonging to Mongolian races. This language is popular not among only gurung but also other castes.

See also


  1. Gurung at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Gurung". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


Gurung language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator
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