Gongduk language

Gongdukpa Ang
Region Bhutan
Native speakers
2,000 (2006)[1]
  • Gongduk
Tibetan script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 goe
Glottolog gong1251[2]

Gongduk or Gongdu (Tibetan: དགོང་འདུས་, Wylie: Dgong-'dus ) is an endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken by about 1,000 people in a few inaccessible villages located near the Kuri Chhu river in the Gongdue Gewog of Mongar District in eastern Bhutan. The names of the villages are Bala, Dagsa, Damkhar, Pam, Pangthang, and Yangbari (Ethnologue).

Gongduk has complex verbal morphology, which Ethnologue considers a retention from Proto-Tibeto-Burman,[1] and is lexically highly divergent.[3] On this basis, it is apparently not part of any major subgroup and will probably have to be assigned to its own branch.[3][4]

Currently, George van Driem is working towards the completion of a description of Gongduk based on his work with native speakers in the Gongduk area.[4]


  1. 1 2 Gongduk at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Gongduk". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. 1 2 Blench, R. & Post, M. W. (2013). Rethinking Sino-Tibetan phylogeny from the perspective of Northeast Indian languages
  4. 1 2 Himalayan Languages Project. "Gongduk". Himalayan Languages Project. Retrieved 2009-11-06.


External links

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