Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

Parlamentu České republiky
Coat of arms or logo
Milan Štěch, ČSSD
Since 24 November 2010
1st Vice-President
Miluše Horská, KDU-ČSL
Since 16 November 2016
Ivo Bárek, ČSSD
Since 19 November 2014
Jaroslav Kubera, ODS
Since 19 November 2016
Jiří Šesták, STAN
Since 19 November 2016
Seats 81
Political groups


  •      ČSSD (25)
  •      KDU-ČSL (16)
  •      STAN (11)
  •      ODS (10)
  •      ANO (7)
  •      Non-Inscrits (11)
  •      vacant (1)
Two-round system
Last election
7–8 October 2016
14–15 October 2016
Meeting place
Wallenstein Palace, Prague

The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech: Senát Parlamentu České republiky), usually referred to as Senát, is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The seat of the Senate is Wallenstein Palace in Prague.


Wallenstein Palace in Prague, the main building of the Senate
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The Senate has 81 members, elected for six years, every two years one third of them, in one-seat constituencies through two rounds majority system (the second round is between two candidates with highest number of votes from the first round – if no candidate obtains 50+% majority in the first round). A candidate for the Senate does not need to be on a political party's ticket (unlike the lower chamber).

The senate has one President and four Vice-Presidents.[1] Its members participate in specialised committees and commissions.[2][3]

The Senate Chancellery has been created to provide professional, organisational and technical services. The Senate occupies several historical palaces in centre of Prague, in Malá Strana quarter.[4] In 2005 its budget was 561.2 million CZK.


The Senate can delay a proposed law which was approved by the Chamber of Deputies but this veto can be overridden by an absolute majority (i.e. at least 101 of all 200 members) of the Chamber of Deputies in a repeated vote. The Senate however cannot be overridden when it votes on constitutional law and on international treaties.

Senate decides on confirmation of judges of the Constitutional Court, proposed by the President, right it often uses to block unacceptable nominees, and may propose new laws. However, the Senate does not get to vote on the country budget and on confidence in the government, unlike the Chamber of Deputies.

The President (Speaker or Chairperson) of the Senate is the second-highest official of the Czech Republic for ceremonial purposes, after the President of the Republic, but without much real power.


The Senate was established in constitutional law of the Czech National Council (ČNR) No. 1/1993 on 16 December 1992.[5] The immediate reason for its creation was a need to find a place for members of the Federal Assembly, dissolved together with Czechoslovakia. Other reasons given were the positioning of the Senate as a safety device ("pojistka") correcting laws endorsed by lower chamber and as a power balancing tool against the dominance of a single party.

Due to opposition by the Civic Democratic Alliance (who had members in ČNR, the new lower chamber, but not in the Federal Assembly) and those politicians fearing dilution of power the Senate was not set up. The first elections were held in 1996, with voter turnout around 35% (much lower than turnout for the lower chamber). Further elections were held in accordance with the Constitution every two years after that.

The Senate has received criticism for being essentially powerless and unnecessary for a country of the size of the Czech Republic.

Political parties

 Summary of the 10–11 and 17–18 October 2014 Czech Senate election results
Party First round Second round Seats
Votes % Votes % Won Total +/–
Czech Social Democratic Party226,23922.04165,62934.9510 -13
ANO 2011180,13617.5571,73915.144 +4
Civic Democratic Party110,48510.7644,2649.341 -2
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia99,9739.740 -1
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party84,3288.2177,10316.274 +4
KDU-CSLGreen Party34,7653.3932,8546.933 +3
Party of Civic Rights22,0802.1511,9712.531 +1
Mayors and Independents15,5761.5211,0992.341 +1
Party of Free Citizens14,5081.410
Freeholder Party of the Czech Republic14,0711.3711,6602.461 +1
Dawn of Direct Democracy13,3311.300 New
Republika9,1070.890 New
Civic Democratic PartyKC7,7830.768,8851.871 +1
Green Party6,6700.650
Mayors for the Liberec Region6,6330.658,2461.741 +1
Czech Pirate Party5,4540.530
TOP 094,9940.490
Czech Pirate PartyGreen Party4,2310.410
Mayors for Citizens4,0800.400
City for You3,9450.380
Our City F-M3,3560.330
Club of Committed Non-Party Members2,7380.270
Dawn of Direct Democracy–Hora 20142,3870.230
O.K. strana2,2700.220
United Democrats–Association of Independents1,5340.150
No Brussels1,4760.140
For Sport and Health1,1040.110
Conservative Alliance 20141,0550.100
VIZE 20148190.080
Ostrava Forum7790.080
SNK European Democrats5600.050
MoravanéLEV 214500.040
Independents15,2281.480 0
Invalid/blank votes53,9332,176
Registered voters/turnout2,853,10637.87


Composition of the Senate of the Czech Republic
Party Seats
2008 2010 2011 by 2012 TOTAL
Czech Social Democratic Party 22 12 1 13 48
Civic Democratic Party 3 8 4 15
TOP 09Mayors and Independents 2 2 4
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 2 2 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 1 1 2 2 2
Czech Pirate Party 1 1
Green Party 1 1
Ostravak Movement 1 1
Independents 1 2 3
Total 26 27 1 27 81
Source: Senate

Constituencies in which the election was held:

  • 2008: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 33, 36, 39 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57, 60, 63, 66, 69, 72, 75, 78, 81
  • 2010: 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, 46, 49, 52, 55, 58, 61, 64, 67, 70, 73, 76, 79
  • 2011 by-election: 30
  • 2012: 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44, 47, 50, 53, 56, 59, 62, 65, 68, 71, 74, 77, 80

Senators and members of the Cabinet

Members of the Senate of the Czech Republic include these:

See also


  1. Senators Senate website
  2. Senate Committees Senat website
  3. Senate Commissions Senate website
  4. Seat of the Senate Senate website
  5. Ústavní zmìny v dobì od pádu komunismu Bulletin Scientia Politica (Czech)

Coordinates: 50°05′24″N 14°24′19″E / 50.09000°N 14.40528°E / 50.09000; 14.40528

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