Parliament of the Czech Republic
|Parliament of the Czech Republic |
Parlament České republiky
– Chamber of Deputies
Milan Štěch, ČSSD
Since 24 November 2010
Jan Hamáček, ČSSD
Since 27 November 2013
- 81 Senators |
- 200 Deputies
Senate political groups
Senate last election
10–11 October 2014 |
17–18 October 2014
|25–26 October 2013|
|Palaces in Malá Strana, Prague|
Chamber of Deputies
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The Parliament (Czech: Parlament) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated in Prague.
It consists of two chambers, both elected in direct elections:
- the Lower House: Chamber of Deputies
- the Upper House: Senate
Art. 15 of the Constitution stipulates its name as the "Parliament". The Parliament exercises competences usual in parliamentary systems: it holds and passes bills, has the right to modify the Constitution, ratifies international agreements; if necessary, it declares war, approves presence of foreign military forces in the Czech Republic or a dispatch of Czech military forces abroad.
The tradition of modern parliamentarianism in the Bohemian lands dates back to times of the Austrian Empire (and then Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary), where the Imperial Council (Reichsrat, Říšská rada) was created in 1861.
After proclamation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 its National Assembly (Národní shromáždění) undertook legislative duties both of the Imperial Council and State Diets (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian). In 1938–39 and between 1948–89 there existed a parliament within non-democratic regimes (semi-authoritarian or Communist regime, respectively). As a consequence of federalization of Czechoslovakia (1968), national councils of Czech and Slovak parts of the country were created.
The Chamber of Deputies keeps continuity with the Czech National Council (Česká národní rada), while the Senate was established in 1996 (with reference to the First Czechoslovak Republic one).
- ↑ http://www.hrad.cz/en/czech-republic/constitution-of-the-cr.shtml
- ↑ Balík, S.-Hloušek, V.-Holzer, J.-Šedo, J.: Politický systém českých zemí 1848-1989. Brno 2006, p. 81.
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