List of political parties in the Czech Republic

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This is a list of political parties in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has a multi-party system. Due to the electoral system operated, a limited number of parties are successful in parliamentary elections.

Parliamentary parties

There are currently seven parties in the Chamber of Deputies – the Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), ANO 2011, the Communist Party (KSČM), TOP 09, the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) and Dawn of Direct Democracy (Dawn). All except the Dawn have also seats in the Senate, as do the Green Party (SZ), Mayors and Independents (STAN), Severočeš (, the Party of Civic Rights (SPO), the Pirate Party (Pirates), Party of Freeholders of the Czech Republic (SsČR) and political movement Ostravak. Other parliamentary party is the Party of Free Citizens which have one MP in the European Parliament.

In March 2015, founder and former leader of Dawn of Direct Democracy, Tomio Okamura, was expelled from the party and the party was renamed to Dawn - National Coalition, changed logo, leadership and opened itself for new members and cooperation with newly founded Bloc against Islam. Tomio Okamura meanwhile founded a new party called Freedom and Direct Democracy with two other ex-Dawn members and managed to reclaim most of the voters from the Dawn.

Three parties – ČSSD, ODS, and KSČM – have managed to elect members to every Parliament since the Czech Republic's independence.

The current government is composed of ČSSD, ANO 2011 and KDU-ČSL.

Next Legislative election will be held in October 2017.

Logo Party Representation European affiliation Comments
Chamber Senate Regions Europe
Czech Social Democratic Party
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
ČSSD 50 35 280 4 PES Major centre-left (social democratic) party. Chairman is Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka.
ANO 2011
ANO 2011 47 4 0 4 ALDE Centrist and populist political party led by Czech republic's second wealthiest man Andrej Babiš.
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy
KSČM 33 1 114 3 EL (observer) Far-left party, heir of the former ruling Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. It has so far not been part of any government coalition since the advent of democracy in the Czech Republic.
TOP 09
TOP 09
TOP 09 26 1 12 4 EPP Liberal conservative, pro-European and fiscally conservative political party. Primary agenda of TOP 09 is cutting budget deficit. Leader of TOP 09 is Miroslav Kalousek.
Civic Democratic Party
Občanská demokratická strana
ODS 16 15 180 2 AECR Liberal conservative, soft eurosceptic party created by the former Czech President Václav Klaus. Its chairman is Petr Fiala.
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová
KDU-ČSL 14 10 56 3 EPP Medium-sized Christian democratic party. Traditionally strong in South Moravia. KDU-ČSL left chamber of deputies in 2010, after 91 years of continuous presence. In legislative election of 2013 it returned and formed governing coalition.
Dawn - National Coalition
Úsvit - Národní koalice
Dawn 8 0 0 0 - Right-wing populist and eurosceptic[1] political party focused on issues of direct democracy, opposition to immigration and opposition to Islam.
Freedom and Direct Democracy
Svoboda a přímá demokracie
SPD 3 0 0 0 MENF Eurosceptic political party that advocates direct democracy and opposition to immigration. Founded by Tomio Okamura, former leader of Dawn.
Green Party
Strana zelených
SZ 0 4 0 0 EGP Minor left-wing, environmental and liberal political party.
Severočeš 0 2 0 0 - Cross-spectrum regional party from northern Bohemia.
Party of Civic Rights
Strana Práv Občanů
SPO 0 2 0 0 - Minor left-wing (social democratic) party connected with Czech President Miloš Zeman.
Party of Free Citizens
Strana svobodných občanů
Svobodní 0 0 0 1 ADDE (observer) Right-wing, libertarian and eurosceptic political party led by Petr Mach.


Non-parliamentary parties

Defunct parties

See also


External links

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