S.S.C. Napoli

Full name Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli S.p.A.
Nickname(s) Partenopei
Gli Azzurri (The Blues)
I Ciucciarelli (The Little Donkeys)
Founded 1 August 1926 (1926-08-01)
as Associazione Calcio Napoli
Ground Stadio San Paolo
Ground Capacity 60,240
Owner Filmauro S.r.l.
President Aurelio De Laurentiis
Head coach Maurizio Sarri
League Serie A
2015–16 Serie A, 2nd
Website Club home page

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli (pronounced [ˈnaːpoli]), is a professional Italian football club based in Naples, Campania. Formed in 1926, the club plays in Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. The club has won Serie A twice, and been runners-up six times, the Coppa Italia five times, the Supercoppa Italiana twice, and the 1988-89 UEFA Cup.[1][2]

Napoli have the fourth biggest fanbase in Italy,[3] and in 2015 were ranked as the fifth most valuable football club in Serie A,[4] as well as being listed on the Forbes' list of the most valuable football clubs. The club is one of the associate members of the European Club Association. In the January 2016 UEFA ratings, Napoli are ranked the eighth best club in European Football and the second best club in Italy.[5]

Since 1959 the club has played their home games at Stadio San Paolo in the Fuorigrotta suburb of Naples. Their home colours are sky blue shirts and white shorts. The official anthem of the club is "'O surdato 'nnammurato".[6] Former players include Diego Maradona, Fabio Cannavaro, and Gianfranco Zola.


For more details on this topic, see History of S.S.C. Napoli.

The first club was founded as Naples Foot-Ball & Cricket Club in 1904 by English sailor William Poths and his associate Hector M. Bayon.[7][8] Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved, the latter of whom was the club's first president.[9] The original kit of the club was a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts.[10] Naples' first match was a 3–2 win against the English crew of the boat Arabik with goals from MacPherson, Scafoglio and Chaudoir.[11] The name of the club was shortened to Naples Foot-Ball Club in 1906.

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just Northern clubs, so Southern clubs competed against sailors[7] or in cups such as Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples and Palermo FBC, Naples won three finals.[12] The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1912 to form Internazionale Napoli,[7] in time for both club's debut in the Italian Championship of 1912–13.[13] Though the sides had a keen rivalry in the Campania section, they were not as successful outside of it and a few years after World War I, they merged as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale-Naples, also known as FBC Internaples.

Associazione Calcio Napoli

Attila Sallustro in the middle, with Napoli teammates in 1927

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 23 August 1926.[14] After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship,[15] Napoli was readmitted to Serie A's forerunner National Division by the Italian FA, and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayan-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans.[16] He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which still stands today.[17]

Napoli moved to the new Stadio San Paolo in 1959, where they have played since.

Napoli entered the Serie A-era under the management of William Garbutt.[18] During his six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table.[15] This included two third-place finishes during the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons,[15] with added notables such as Antonio Vojak, Arnaldo Sentimenti and Carlo Buscaglia.[19] For the years leading up to World War II Napoli went into decline, surviving relegation in 1939–40 by goal average.[15]

Napoli lost a closely contested relegation battle at the end of 1942 and were relegated to Serie B. They moved from Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli to Stadio Arturo Collana and stayed in Serie B until after the war. When play continued, Napoli earned the right to compete in Serie A,[15] but were relegated after two seasons for a bribery scandal.[20] The club bounced back to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s.[21] Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolo in 1959. Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including a further relegation and promotion, Napoli had some cup success when they beat SPAL to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Gianni Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon.[22] Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season.[1]

Napoli on the rise: Maradona era

Napoli at the start of the 1970s with Dino Zoff, José Altafini, and others.

As the club changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli on 25 June 1964[1] they began to rise up again, gaining promotion in 1964–65. Under the management of former player Bruno Pesaola, they won the Coppa delle Alpi[1] and were back amongst the elite in Serie A, with consistent top five finishes.[15] Napoli came very close to winning the league in 1967–68, finishing just behind AC Milan in second place.[15] Some of the most popular players from this period were Dino Zoff, José Altafini, Omar Sívori, and hometown midfielder Antonio Juliano. Juliano would eventually break the appearance records, which still stands today.[19]

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–71 and 1973–74.[15] Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Cup competitions; in 1974–75 they reached the third round knocking out Porto 2–0 on the way. During the same season, Napoli finished second in Serie A; just two points behind champions Juventus.[15] Solid performances from locally born players such as Bruscolotti, Juliano and Esposito were relied upon during this period, coupled with goals from Giuseppe Savoldi.[19]

After beating Southampton 4–1 on aggregate to lift the Anglo-Italian League Cup,[23] Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77, where they reached the semi-finals, losing 2–1 on aggregate to Anderlecht.[24] The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76, knocking out Milan and Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Verona 4–0 in the final.[1] In terms of the Italian league, Napoli were still very much a consistent top six side for much of the late 1970s.[15] Even into the earliest two seasons of the 1980s, the club were performing respectably with a third-place finish in 1980–81, however by 1983 they had slipped dramatically and were involved in relegation battles.[15] Napoli broke the world transfer record fee, turning to Diego Maradona with a €12 million deal from Barcelona on 30 June 1984.[25] The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni, and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks.[19] The rise up the tables was gradual, by 1985–86, they had a third-place finish under their belts, but better was yet to come. The 1986–87 season was the landmark in Napoli's history; they won the double, securing the Serie A title by three points and then beating Atalanta 4–0 to lift the Coppa Italia.[1]

Napoli supporters celebrating the team's first scudetto in May 1987.

Because a mainland Southern Italian team had never won the league before, this turned Diego Maradona into a cultural, social and borderline religious icon[26] for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football.[26]

The club were unsuccessful in the European Cup in the following season and finished runners-up in Serie A. However, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup for 1988–89 and won their first major European title.[1] Juventus, Bayern Munich, and PAOK were defeated on the way to the final, where Napoli beat Stuttgart 5–4 on aggregate, with two goals from Careca and one each from Maradona, Ferrara and Alemão.[27]

Napoli added their second Serie A title in 1989–90, beating Milan by two points in the title race.[1] However, this was surrounded by less auspicious circumstances as Napoli were awarded two points for a game, when in Bergamo, an Atalanta fan threw a £100 lira coin at Alemão's head.[15] A controversial set of events set off at the 1990 World Cup, when Maradona made comments pertaining to North-South inequality in the country and the risorgimento, asking Neapolitans to root for Argentina in the semi-finals against Italy in Naples.[28]

I don't like the fact that now everybody is asking Neapolitans to be Italian and to support their national team. Naples has always been marginalised by the rest of Italy. It is a city that suffers the most unfair racism.
Diego Armando Maradona, July 1990

San Paolo was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine National Anthem wasn't jeered,[29] Maradona bowed to the Napoli fans at the end and his country went on to reach the final. However, after the final the Italian Football Federation forced Maradona to take a doping test, which he failed testing positive for cocaine; both Maradona and Napoli staff later claimed it was a revenge plot for events at the World Cup.[26] Maradona was banned for 15 months and would never play for the club again.[26] The club still managed to win the Supercoppa Italiana that year, with a record 5–1 victory against Juventus, but it would be their last major trophy for 22 years. In the European Cup however, they went out in the second round.[30]

Decline and rebirth

Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 season,[15] Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca, Ciro Ferrara and Careca had all departed by 1994. Nonetheless, Napoli did manage to qualify for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97, Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia final, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza.[31] Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 when they recorded only three wins all season.[15]

The club returned to Serie A after gaining promotion in the 1999–2000 season, though after a closely contested relegation battle, they were relegated immediately back down the following season.[15] They failed to gain promotion following this and slipped further down. The failed 2001–02 Serie B campaign was costly, the cost of production was €70,895,838, just about €10 million fewer than in 2000–01 Serie A, heavily due to the high amortisation of the player asset (€33,437,075). However value of production was just €21,183736 (excluding player profit) and the net loss was €28,856,093 that season.[32] Net asset on 30 June 2002 was €2,166,997, already including about €20 million recapitalisation. The club once quoted the law "21 February 2003 No.27" to lower the amortisation expense by extending the amortisation period beyond the contract length of players to 10-year (UEFA ruled the Italian special law was not lawful and all club should use IFRS standards, thus causing a re-capitalization crisis in 2006), which some players contract (with a total residual accounting value of €46,601,225) was amortise in special way for €4,660,123 only and the rest for €1,659,088 in 2002–03, however the cost of production was still exceed the value of production for €19,071,218 in 2002–03.[32] By August 2004, Napoli was declared bankrupt with debts estimated up to €70 million.[33] To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis refounded the club under the name Napoli Soccer,[34] as they were not allowed to use their old name. FIGC placed Napoli in Serie C1, where they missed out on promotion after losing 2–1 in play-offs to local rivals Avellino in 2004–05 Serie C1.[1]

Despite the fact that Napoli were playing in such a low division, they retained higher average attendances than most of the Serie A clubs, breaking the Serie C attendance record with 51,000 at one game.[35] The following season, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis bought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006.[1] After just one season back in Serie B, they were promoted on the final day, along with fellow sleeping giants Genoa.[36] Napoli finished the season placed eighth in the Serie A, enough to secure a place in the Intertoto Cup third round.

The 2008–09 season saw Napoli qualify for the UEFA Cup via the Intertoto Cup. The team was eliminated in the first round, however, by Portuguese team Benfica. At the domestic level, Napoli made a very impressive start, proposing as one of the main candidates for a Champions League spot; results and performances, however, quickly declined in mid-season, causing Napoli to fall down to 11th place in the league table, which led to the dismissal of manager Edy Reja in March 2009, with former Italy manager Roberto Donadoni being appointed as his replacement.[37]

Despite reinforcements in the summer transfer window,[38] Napoli began the 2009–10 season with a number of poor results. After a 2–1 loss to Roma in October 2009, Donadoni was relieved of his duties and replaced by former Sampdoria manager Walter Mazzarri.[39] Under Mazzarri, Napoli climbed up the table, finishing in sixth place to qualify for a Europa League spot.[40] Napoli, under Mazzarri's guide and reinforced by players such as Edinson Cavani, spent part of the 2010–11 season in the second place, finishing third and qualifying directly to the group phase of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League.[41]

In the 2011–12 season, Napoli ended in fifth place in Serie A, but managed to defeat unbeaten champions Juventus in the Stadio Olimpico to win the Coppa Italia for the fourth time in the club's history, 25 years after their last cup win. Star striker Edinson Cavani scored from a penalty kick in the 63rd minute and Marek Hamšík decided the game in the 83rd minute. Napoli also had a successful season in the Champions League, its first participation in the European Cup since the 1990–91 season. The team finished second in its group behind Bayern Munich, and ahead of Manchester City, progressing to the round of 16, where it was knocked out by eventual winners Chelsea.

Edinson Cavani, Napoli's record sale, in a Europa League match for Napoli against AIK in 2012

In 2012–13, Napoli finished in second place in Serie A, the club's best performance since winning the 1989–90 Scudetto. Edinson Cavani finished as top scorer in the division with 29 goals, which resulted in him being sold to Paris Saint-Germain for a club record fee of £57 million.

In the 2013 close-season, Walter Mazzarri left Napoli to become coach of Internazionale, and was replaced by Spaniard Rafael Benítez, who became the club's first foreign coach since Zdeněk Zeman in 2000.[42] The money from selling Cavani went towards signing three Real Madrid players Gonzalo Higuaín, Raúl Albiol and José Callejón – and other players including Dries Mertens and Pepe Reina. They finished the season by winning the 2014 Coppa Italia Final, their fifth title in the tournament, with a 3–1 win against Fiorentina with two goals from Lorenzo Insigne and another from Mertens,[43] as well as qualifying for the Champions League by finishing 3rd in Serie A. According to the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS), Napoli was rated the third best club in the world in 2015, despite failing to qualify for the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League group stages.[44]

On 1 December 2015 in the 2015–16 season, a 2–1 home win over league leaders Inter Milan sent Napoli to the top of Serie A for the first time in 25 years.[45][46]

On 10 January 2016 an away 5–1 victory against Frosinone made Napoli the champion of the first half of 2015–16 Serie A season for the first time since the 1989–90 season, thanks to Sassuolo's 1–0 win against Inter Milan in Giuseppe Meazza.


First team squad

As of 6 September 2016[47]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Rafael Cabral
2 Albania DF Elseid Hysaj
3 Croatia DF Ivan Strinić
4 Italy MF Emanuele Giaccherini
5 Brazil MF Allan
7 Spain FW José Callejón
8 Italy MF Jorginho
11 Italy DF Christian Maggio (vice-captain)
14 Belgium FW Dries Mertens
17 Slovakia MF Marek Hamšík (Captain)
19 Serbia DF Nikola Maksimović (on loan from Torino)
20 Poland MF Piotr Zieliński
21 Romania DF Vlad Chiricheș
22 Italy GK Luigi Sepe
No. Position Player
23 Italy FW Manolo Gabbiadini
24 Italy FW Lorenzo Insigne
25 Spain GK Pepe Reina
26 Senegal DF Kalidou Koulibaly
30 Croatia MF Marko Rog
31 Algeria DF Faouzi Ghoulam
33 Spain DF Raúl Albiol
42 Guinea MF Amadou Diawara
62 Italy DF Lorenzo Tonelli
77 Morocco MF Omar El Kaddouri
94 Italy FW Roberto Insigne
95 Poland DF Igor Łasicki
99 Poland FW Arkadiusz Milik

Out on loan

As of 27 August 2016

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy DF Sebastiano Luperto (at Pro Vercelli until 30 June 2017)
Colombia DF Juan Camilo Zúñiga (at Watford until 30 June 2017)
Netherlands MF Jonathan de Guzmán (at Chievo until 30 June 2017)
Italy MF Jacopo Dezi (at Perugia until 30 June 2017)
Italy FW Nicolao Dumitru (at Nottingham Forest until 30 June 2017)
No. Position Player
France MF Eddy Gnahoré (at Crotone until 30 June 2017)
Italy MF Raffaele Maiello (at Empoli until 30 June 2017)
Colombia FW Duván Zapata (at Udinese until 30 June 2017)
Italy MF Alberto Grassi (at Atalanta until 30 June 2017)

Primavera squad

Retired numbers

In the summer of 2000 Napoli retired the jersey number 10 belonged to former club legend Diego Armando Maradona who played for the club from 1984 to 1991, as a tribute to his class and to the significant contribution made in the seven seasons with the shirt of Napoli. In order, the last players to wear number 10 were Fausto Pizzi (1995–1996), Beto (in 1996–1997), Igor Protti in 1997–1998 was the last player to play and score a goal with the number 10 shirt in Serie A and Claudio Bellucci in 1998–1999 and 1999–2000 in Serie B. However, for regulatory reasons, the number was reissued on blue shirts 2004 to 2006 Serie C1, a tournament where there is the old numbering from 1 to 11. The last player to wear a sign and goals with this shirt in an official match was Mariano Bogliacino in the home match of 18 May 2006 against Spezia, valid for the final leg of the Supercoppa di Lega Serie C1; primacy belongs to him also for last appearance in the championship, 12 May 2006 at the home race of Lanciano. As regards exclusively the championship, however, goes to the Argentine footballer Roberto Sosa the distinction of being the last to wear the 10 at the San Paolo and at the same time to score in the match against Frosinone on 30 April 2006.[48]

Notable players

Current coaching, technical and administrative staff

Head coach Maurizio Sarri
Assistant coach Francesco Calzona
Fitness coach Francesco Sinatti
Fitness coach Corrado Saccone
Goalkeeping coach Alessandro Nista
Tactical Simone Bonomi
Technical assistant Giandomenico Costi
Health director Dr. Alfonso De Nicola
Physiatrist Enrico D'Andrea
Sports doctor Dr. Raffaele Canonico
Rehabilitator Rosario D'Onofrio
Physiotherapist Giovanni D'Avino
Physiotherapist Agostino Santaniello
Masseur Marco Di Lullo
President Aurelio De Laurentiis
Vice President Jacqueline Marie Baudit
Vice President Edoardo De Laurentiis
Member of board Andrea Chiavelli
Head of Operations, Sales and Marketing Alessandro Formisano
Administrative manager Laura Belli
Sports general manager Cristiano Giuntoli
Communications manager Nicola Lombardo
Administrative processes and compliance manager Antonio Saracino
Secretary Alberto Vallefuoco
Team manager Giovanni Paolo De Matteis
Press Officer Guido Baldari


Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day.[50] Napoli has had many managers and trainers, some seasons they have had co-managers running the team. Here is a chronological list of them from 1926 onwards:[51]

Name Years
Giorgio Ascarelli 1926–27
Gustavo Zinzaro 1927–28
Giovanni Maresca 1928–29
Giorgio Ascarelli 1929–30
Giovanni Maresca
Eugenio Coppola
Vincenzo Savarese 1932–36
Achille Lauro 1936–40
Gaetano Del Pezzo 1941
Tommaso Leonetti 1942–43
Luigi Piscitelli 1941–43
Annibale Fienga 1943–45
Vincenzo Savarese 1945–46
Name Years
Pasquale Russo 1946–48
Egidio Musollino 1948–51
Alfonso Cuomo 1951–52
Achille Lauro 1952–54
Alfonso Cuomo 1954–63
Luigi Scuotto 1963–64
Roberto Fiore 1964–67
Gioacchino Lauro 1967–68
Antonio Corcione 1968–69
Corrado Ferlaino 1969–71
Ettore Sacchi 1971–72
Corrado Ferlaino 1972–83
Marino Brancaccio 1983
Name Years
Corrado Ferlaino 1983–93
Ellenio F. Gallo 1993–95
Vincenzo Schiano di Colella
(honorary president)
Gian Marco Innocenti
(honorary president)
Federico Scalingi
(honorary president)
Giorgio Corbelli 2000–02
Salvatore Naldi 2002–04
Aurelio De Laurentiis 2004–


Name Nationality Years
Antonio Kreutzer Austria 1926–27
Bino Skasa Austria 1927
Technical Commission
Rolf Steiger
Giovanni Terrile
Ferenc Molnár

Otto Fischer Austria 1928
Giovanni Terrile Italy 1928–29
William Garbutt England 1929–35
Károly Csapkay Hungary 1935–36
Angelo Mattea Italy 1936–38
Eugen Payer Hungary 1938–39
Technical Commission
Amedeo D'Albora
Paolo Jodice
Luigi Castello
Achille Piccini
Nereo Rocco
Italy 1939
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1939–40
Antonio Vojak Italy 1940–43
Paulo Innocenti Italy Brazil 1943
Raffaele Sansone Italy Uruguay 1945–47
Giovanni Vecchina Italy 1947–48
Arnaldo Sentimenti Italy 1948
Felice Placido Borel Italy 1948–49
Luigi de Manes Italy 1949
Vittorio Mosele Italy 1949
Eraldo Monzeglio Italy 1949–56
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1956–59
Annibale Frossi Italy 1959
Amedeo Amadei Italy 1959–61
Name Nationality Years
Amedeo Amadei
Renato Cesarini
Attila Sallustro Italy Paraguay 1961
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1961–62
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1962
Bruno Pesaola
Eraldo Monzeglio
Argentina Italy
Roberto Lerici Italy 1963–64
Giovanni Molino Italy 1964
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1964–68
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1968–69
Egidio di Costanzo Italy 1969
Giuseppe Chiappella Italy 1969–73
Luis Vinicio Brazil 1973–76
Alberto Delfrati
Rosario Rivellino
Italy 1976
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1976–77
Rosario Rivellino Italy 1977
Giovanni di Marzio Italy 1977–78
Luis Vinicio Brazil 1978–80
Angelo Sormani Italy Brazil 1980
Rino Marchesi Italy 1980–82
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1982
Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy 1982–83
Pietro Santi Italy 1983–84
Rino Marchesi Italy 1984–85
Ottavio Bianchi Italy July 1, 1986 – June 30, 1989
Alberto Bigon Italy 1989–91
Claudio Ranieri Italy July 1, 1991 – June 30, 1993
Ottavio Bianchi Italy Nov 1, 1992 – June 30, 1993
Marcello Lippi Italy July 1, 1993 – June 30, 1994
Vincenzo Guerini Italy July 1, 1994 – Oct 17, 1994
Vujadin Boškov
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Oct 18, 1994–95
Name Nationality Years
Vujadin Boškov
Aldo Sensibile
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1995 – June 30, 1996
Luigi Simoni Italy 1996–97
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1997
Bortolo Mutti Italy July 1, 1997 – Oct 6, 1997
Carlo Mazzone Italy Oct 19, 1997 – Nov 24, 1997
Giovanni Galeone Italy 1997–98
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1998
Renzo Ulivieri Italy 1998–99
Vincenzo Montefusco Italy 1999
Walter Novellino Italy 1999–00
Zdeněk Zeman Czech Republic July 1, 2000 – Nov 12, 2000
Emiliano Mondonico Italy Nov 13, 2000 – June 30, 2001
Luigi De Canio Italy July 1, 2001 – June 30, 2002
Franco Colomba Italy July 1, 2002 – Dec 16, 2002
Sergio Buso Italy 2002
Francesco Scoglio Italy Dec 18, 2002 – June 30, 2003
Franco Colomba Italy 2003
Andrea Agostinelli Italy June 19, 2003 – Nov 9, 2003
Luigi Simoni Italy Nov 10, 2003 – June 30, 2004
Giampiero Ventura Italy July 1, 2004 – Jan 25, 2005
Edoardo Reja Italy Jan 3, 2005 – March 10, 2009
Roberto Donadoni Italy March 10, 2009 – Oct 5, 2009
Walter Mazzarri Italy Oct 6, 2009 – May 20, 2013
Rafael Benítez Spain May 27, 2013 – May 31, 2015
Maurizio Sarri Italy June 11, 2015 – present

Statistics and records

Giuseppe Bruscolotti holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 511 over the course of 16 years from 1972 until 1988.[52] Antonio Juliano holds the record for league appearances with 394 (355 in Serie A) over the course of 16 years from 1962 until 1978 .[19]

The all-time leading goalscorer for Napoli is Diego Armando Maradona, with 115 league goals scored.[19] He finished the season of Serie A as the league's topscorer, known in Italy as the capocannoniere, in the 1987–88 season with 15 goals.[53] The record for most goals in the league (also including tournaments Divisione Nazionale) belongs to Attila Sallustro, with 106 goals,[54] while the maximum scorer in Serie A is Antonio Vojak, with 102 goals.[54] The record for most goals in a single tournament maximum number belongs to Gonzalo Higuaín, with 36 goals scored in the season 2015–2016.

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Pro Patria, in the 1955–56 season of Serie A.[15] Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the 1927–28 season when eventual champions Torino beat them 11–0.[15]

On 26 July 2016, Napoli player Gonzalo Higuaín became the third highest football transfer of all-time and highest ever transfer for an Italian club,[55] when he signed for €90 million to Juventus.[56]

Below are appearance and goalscoring records pertaining to Napoli players of all time. Still active players in bold:[54]

As of 29 November 2016

Overall Most Appearances[57]

#NameNationalityPositionNapoli careerAppearancesGoals
1 Giuseppe Bruscolotti Italy DF 1972–1988 511 11
2 Antonio Juliano Italy MF 1962–1978 505 38
3 Marek Hamšík Slovakia MF 2007– 422 103
4 Moreno Ferrario Italy DF 1977–1988 396 11
5 Ciro Ferrara Italy DF 1984–1994 322 15
6 Christian Maggio Italy DF/MF 2008– 281 23
7 Paolo Cannavaro Italy DF 1998–1999/ 2006–2013 278 9
8 Bruno Gramaglia Italy MF/DF 1938–1943/ 1949–1955 275 4
9 Carlo Buscaglia Italy MF/FW 1928–1938 270 41
10 Attila Sallustro Italy Paraguay FW 1926–1937 266 108
11 Luigi Pogliana Italy DF 1967–1977 263 8
12 Dino Panzanato Italy DF 1964–1973 262 2
13 Ottavio Bugatti Italy GK 1953–1961 261 0
14 Diego Armando Maradona Argentina FW 1984–1992 259 115
15 Luciano Castellini Italy GK 1978–1985 258 0
16 Canè Brazil FW 1962–1969/ 1972–1975 254 70
= Mario Zurlini Italy DF 1964–1974 254 4
18 Bruno Pesaola Argentina Italy FW 1952–1960 253 27
= Claudio Vinazzani Italy MF 1976–1983 253 5
20 Luciano Comaschi Italy DF 1951–1960 251 4

Overall Top Scorers[57]

#NameNationalityPositionNapoli careerGoalsAppearancesAverage
1 Diego Armando Maradona Argentina FW 1984–1991 115 259 0.444
2 Attila Sallustro Italy Paraguay FW 1926–1937 108 266 0.406
3 Edinson Cavani Uruguay FW 2010–2013 104 138 0.754
4 Marek Hamšík Slovakia MF 2007– 103 422 0.244
5 Antonio Vojak Italy Croatia FW/MF 1929–1935 103 196 0.526
6 José Altafini Brazil Italy FW 1965–1972 97 234 0.415
7 Careca Brazil FW 1987–1993 95 221 0.43
8 Gonzalo Higuaín Argentina France FW 2013–2016 91 146 0.623
9 Giuseppe Savoldi Italy FW 1975–1979 77 165 0.467
10 Cané Brazil FW 1962–1969/ 1972–1975 70 254 0.276
= Luís Vinício Brazil FW 1955–1960 70 155 0.452
12 José Callejón Spain FW/MF 2013– 52 177 0.294
13 Hasse Jeppson Sweden FW 1952–1956 51 112 0.455
14 Ezequiel Lavezzi Argentina FW 2007–2012 48 188 0.255
15 Amedeo Amadei Italy FW 1950–1956 47 171 0.275
= Andrea Carnevale Italy FW 1986–1990 47 154 0.305
17 Umberto Busani Italy FW/MF 1940–1948 46 174 0.264
18 Emanuele Calaiò Italy FW 2005–2008/ 2013 44 136 0.324
19 Carlo Buscaglia Italy MF/FW 1928–1938 41 270 0.152
= Claudio Pellegrino Italy FW 1978–1979/ 1980–1984 41 175 0.234
= Giancarlo Vitali Italy FW/MF 1952–1957 41 136 0.301
22 Dries Mertens Belgium FW/MF 2013- 40 156 0.256

Colours, badge and nicknames

An AC Napoli period club logo

As Naples is a coastal city, the colours of the club have always been derived from the blue waters of the Gulf of Naples.[58] Originally while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue.[59] Since the 1920s however, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure; as thus they share the nickname azzurri with the Italian national side.[60] The shade of blue has been sky blue in many instances.

One of the nicknames of Napoli is I ciucciarelli which means "the little donkeys" in the local dialect, they were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the 1926–27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse,[61] the club however adopted the donkey as a mascot called 'O Ciuccio, displaying it with pride.[62]

The club badge Napoli are most famous for is a large N placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to Internazionale Napoli, who used a similar design on their shirts.[63] Since the club officially adopted the N badge as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not.[64] The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the N is white, although it has occasionally been gold.[65]

Partenopei is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general.[66] It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenópē tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Capri. In the story Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren; as a result Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples.[67]

Social commitment

Napoli is a company active in the social field, Napoli has stood out for its support provided to multiple charities.

Through the direct participation of its members, the blue club sponsored initiatives in support of the hospitals towns, as well as initiatives to raise awareness against violence in sport and child poverty. With the 'support association town Scugnizzi, which operates in the juvenile prison of Nisida, Naples supports various projects aimed at the social reintegration of young offenders once granted their punishment.

Through fundraising supported directly and indirectly by its members, the Naples has provided its support to institutions such as the Robert F. Kennedy Foundation, Telethon, the Fondazione San Raffaele, the Stefano Borgonovo Foundation and Massimo Leone Foundation .

The Neapolitan club also undertook several initiatives in support of the victims of the earthquake of 2009, from the transfer of the proceeds of the games to raise funds for the construction of a sports center in the capital of the Abruzzo.

Sponsors and manufacturers


Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1978–80 Puma None
1980–81 NR (Ennerre)
1981–82 Snaidero
1982–83 Cirio
1983–84 Latte Berna
1984–85 Linea Time Cirio
1985–88 NR (Ennerre) Buitoni
1988–91 Mars
1991–94 Umbro Voiello
1994–96 Lotto Record Cucine
1996–97 Centrale del Latte di Napoli
1997–99 Nike Polenghi
1999–00 Peroni
2000–03 Diadora
2003–04 Legea Russo di Cicciano
2004–06 Kappa Sky Captain / Christmas in Love / Manuale d'amore / Mandi
2005–06 Lete
2006–09 Diadora
2009–11 Macron
2011–14 Lete-MSC (Champions League and Europa League Lete only)
2014–15 Lete-Pasta Garofalo (Champions League and Europa League Lete only)
2015– Kappa

Supporters and rivalries

In the morning we went to the San Paolo to warm up, Carlos (Tevez) was telling me about this stadium, but I've played for Barça so I said to myself, it can't be that big of a deal! Yet when I set foot on that pitch I felt something magical, different. In the evening, when there was the anthem of the Champions League, hearing 80,000 people whistling us I realized what a mess we were in! I did play some important matches in my career, but when I heard that cry for the first time my legs were shaking! Well, it was there that I realized that for those people this is not just a team, it is a visceral love, like the one between a mother and a son! It was the only time I remained on the pitch after losing a match, just to enjoy the show.
Yaya Touré


Napoli ultras at Stadio San Paolo

Napoli is the fourth most supported football club in Italy with around 13% of Italian football fans supporting the club.[3] Like other top clubs in the country, Napoli's fanbase goes beyond the Italian border; it has been estimated by the club that there are around 6 million fans worldwide.[70] Napoli is reputed to be one of the biggest clubs in Europe, with one of the highest average home attendance in Europe.


The Napoli fans have always had bad relations especially with the teams from the North of Italy. One of the first historical rivalries was with Hellas Verona, and later on in the second half of the 1980s rivalry with Inter Milan, Juventus and AC Milan was born, as Napoli defied the "Triad of the North" for the title of Champions of Italy.

The hostility of the ultras of Napoli with the fans of Lazio comes from the old friendship that Napoli had in the eighties with Roma fans, Napoli fans used to call Roma fans "cousins", friendship then broke after the umbrella gesture of Salvatore Bagni of 25 October 1987 which spawned a very strong rivalry with the Roma fans.

Also there still remain rivalries with Sampdoria, Reggina and also with the Atalanta, Avellino, Bari, Bologna, Brescia, Cagliari, Lecce, Salernitana, Vicenza and Udinese. Other minor rivalry with Foggia, Perugia, Pisa, Pistoiese and Ternana.


Unlike other Italian cities such as Genoa, Milan, Rome and Turin, Napoli is the only major football club in the city and therefore there is no derby in the strict sense of the term. Nevertheless, the fans of Napoli do co-star in two particular derbies in Italy against other regional teams:

Derby della Campania generally refers to a rivalry with regional clubs, mainly Avellino and Salernitana.[71] However, both teams have largely played in the lower divisions and meetings are largely limited to the Coppa Italia.

Derby of the Sun (also called Derby of the South), at the height of its popularity in the seventies and eighties, starring Napoli and Roma.


The twinning between supporters of the clubs Napoli and Genoa football club is one of the oldest in Italian football which started back on 16 May 1982 following a 2–2 draw in Naples between the two teams on the final day of the 1981–1982 Serie A season, a result that allowed the escape of Genoa from relegation and condemned AC Milan for the second time to relegation from Serie A to Serie B in its history. The history and friendship got even stronger for both teams when on the last day of the season in Serie B in the 2006–2007 season when both teams finished with a 0–0 draw at Genoa, ensuring both teams promotion to Serie A. Genoa ultras could be seen holding up banners saying "Benvenuto fratello napoletano", meaning "Welcome, Neapolitan brother". The historic partnership between the two groups of supporters was also honoured and supported by marketing initiatives.

There is also a strong supporter of friendship with Ancona and there are good relations with the fans of Catania and Borussia Dortmund.

A sympathy and good friendship was born with supporters of the Romanian football team Universitatea Craiova following the elimination of rivals FC Steaua Bucureşti from the Europa League at the hands of Napoli. They have a long-standing friendship with Bulgarian fans of Lokomotiv Plovdiv; Napoli gave birth to the name Napoletani Ultras Plovdiv and that is how the friendship arose.[72]

S.S.C. Napoli as a company

S.S.C. Napoli was expelled from the professional league in 2004. Thanks to Article 52 of N.O.I.F., the sports title was transferred to Napoli Soccer (later the new Napoli) in the same year, while the old Napoli was liquidated. In the eve of bankruptcy, the club was in deep financial trouble to achieve positive operating income (excluding windfall profit from players trading). At that time clubs using cash plus player swap to boost short term profit (€28,329,090 in 2000–01;[73] €17,721,534 in 2001–02 season[74]), but also increased the long term cost (as amortization) by purchasing players. In the second last season before bankruptcy, the club was partially saved by the non-standard accounting practice of amortization. it was due to Silvio Berlusconi, owner of Milan and prime minister of Italy, introduced Italian Law 91/1981, Article 18B. Napoli was dramatically reduced the amortization from €33,437,075 to €1,659,088 + €4,660,123, due to €46,601,225 of the intangible asset (player contract), was deferred to amortize in 10-year installments, instead of varying from 1 to 5 years by the length of player contract.[75] However, the practice was unable to save the club from the financial aid from the sugar daddy, which the owner withdrew.

Since refound in 2004, S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. had a sustainable management strategy. The club has one of thee largest supporting group in Italy (or fourth, behind Juventus and Milan teams) which was the main source of income, in terms of gate revenue and TV rights. Except the first few seasons, Napoli made an aggregate profit in successive years: in 2004–05[76] and 2005–06 season the net loss were €7,061,463 and €9,088,780.[77] In 2006–07 Serie B, Napoli made its first profit of €1,416,976[78] The first Serie A season made new born Napoli had a net profit of €11,911,041[79] It followed by a net profit of €10,934,520,[80] due to the income from European matches was offset by the increase in cost. In 2009–10 season, Napoli heavily invested on players, made that season had a net profit of just €343,686.[81] In 2010–11 Serie A, Napoli returned to the right track with €4,197,829 net profit. It was due to the new collective TV rights of Serie A, as well as qualified to 2010–11 UEFA Europa League.[82]

Napoli shareholder equity on 30 June 2005 was a negative of €261,466, which the club started from €3 million capital and re-capitalized €3.8 million during 2004–05 Serie C1. On 30 June 2006 the equity was increased to €211,220, as the net loss was backup by a re-capitalisation of €9.3 million + €261,466 for previous net loss. On 30 June 2007 the equity was increased to €1,961,975, due to the net profit and a re-capitalised of €288,780 (to make the share capital back to €500,000). On 30 June 2008 the equity was increased to €13,829,015 with a capital increase of just €1,000. The net income contributed the increase in equity on 30 June 2009, which was €24,763,537. On 30 June 2010 the equity was at €25,107,223. On 30 June 2011 the equity was increased to €29,305,052. Though less than €17 million equity contribution in total from Filmauro, Napoli achieved self-sustainability by good management and its large fans base.

S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A.
separate financial statements (source)
Year Turnover Result Total Assets Net Assets Re-capitalization
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 03486600632) exchange rate €1 = L1936.27
1999–2000 Serie B[73] €25,120,308*# €203,378*[83] €111,556,811* €5,952,921*
2000–01 Serie A[73] Increase €54,966,464*# Decrease (€2,036,451)* Increase €154,624,699* Decrease €3,896,132* €0
2001–02 Serie B[74] Decrease €21,183,736*# Decrease (€28,856,093)* Decrease €92,721,662* Decrease (€2,166,997)* Increase ~€22.8 million
2002–03 Serie B[75] Decrease €20,428,522*# Increase (€13,754,506) Decrease €67,994,171*¶ Increase (€966,735) Decrease ~€15 million
2003–04 Serie B Not available due to bankruptcy
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 04855461218) startup capital: €3 million**
2004–05 Serie C1[76] €11,174,000 (€7,061,463) Increase €37,117,126 Decrease (€261,466) €3,800,000
2005–06 Serie C1[77] Increase €12,068,630 Decrease (€9,088,780) Increase €37,299,498 Increase €211,220 Increase €9,561,466
2006–07 Serie B[78] Increase €41,411,837 Increase €1,419,976 Increase €47,917,274 Increase €1,916,975 Decrease €288,780
2007–08 Serie A[79] Increase €88,428,490 Increase €11,911,041 Increase €86,244,038 Increase €13,829,015 Decrease €1,000
2008–09 Serie A[80] Increase €108,211,134 Decrease €10,934,520 Decrease €81,199,725 Increase €24,763,537 Decrease €0
2009–10 Serie A[81] Increase €110,849,458 Decrease €343,686 Increase €117,237,581 Increase €25,107,223 Steady €0
Increase €131,476,940 Increase €4,197,829 Decrease €110,053,332 Increase €29,305,052
2011–12 Serie A Increase €155,929,550 Increase €14,720,757 Increase €138,168,981 Increase €44,025,810
2012–13 Serie A Decrease €151,922,436 Decrease €8,073,447 Decrease €136,748,114 Increase €52,099,258
2013–14 Serie A Increase €237,034,664 Increase €20,217,304 Increase €215,764,185 Increase €72,316,563
2014–15 Serie A


National titles

European titles

Minor titles

  • Winners (1): 1976
  • Winners (1): 1966

See also


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    83. excluding 10% profit contribution to youth sectors, by article 10 of Italian Law 91/1981

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