Prime Minister of Albania

Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania

Emblem of the Council of Ministers
Edi Rama

since 15 September 2013
Appointer Bujar Nishani,
as President of Albania
Inaugural holder Ismail Qemali
Formation 29 November 1912
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Prime Ministers of Albania (Albanian: Kryeministri, Kryetari i Këshillit të Ministrave) is the head of government of the Republic of Albania.

The Prime Minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. Executive power rests with the Council of Ministers (cabinet). The Chairman of the Council (Prime Minister) is appointed by the President; ministers are nominated by the President on the basis of the Prime Minister's recommendation. The People's Assembly must give final approval of the composition of the Council. The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organs.

The first Prime Minister of Albania was Ismail Qemali. The current Prime Minister is Edi Rama, since 15 September 2013.

Powers and Duties

The Constitution of Albania states that the Prime Minister:

...represents the Council of Ministers and chairs its meetings, outlines and presents the principal general policies of the state and is responsible for them, assures the implementation of legislation and policies approved by the Council of Ministers, coordinates and supervises the work of the members of the Council of Ministers and other institutions of the central state administration, performs other duties contemplated in the Constitution and laws, resolves disagreements among ministers, and issues orders in the exercise of his powers.[1] The Prime Minister can also initiate a proceeding of the Constitutional Court of Albania.[2]

List of Prime Ministers of Albania

Living former Prime Ministers

NameTermDate of birth
Fatos Nano
September 16, 1952
Ylli Bufi
May 25, 1948
Vilson Ahmeti 1991–1992 September 5, 1951
Aleksandër Meksi 1992–1997 March 8, 1939
Bashkim Fino
October 12, 1962
Pandeli Majko 1998–1999
November 15, 1967
Ilir Meta 1999–2002 March 24, 1969
Sali Berisha 2005–2013 October 15, 1944

See also


  1. Article 102 of the Constitution of Albania Section 1-3, Constitution of Albania (November 22, 1998; in English). Retrieved on 8 July 2016.
  2. Article 134 of the Constitution of Albania Section 1(b), Constitution of Albania (November 22, 1998; in English). Retrieved on 8 July 2016.
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