Nupbi language

Region Bhutan
Native speakers
2,200 (2006)[1]
Tibetan script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 npb
Glottolog nupb1238[2]

The Nupbi language (Dzongkha: nupba'i kha "Western language") is an East Bodish language spoken by about 2200 people in central Bhutan.[3]

Historically, Nupbikha and its speakers have had close contact with speakers of Bumthang, Kurtöp and Kheng, nearby languages of central and eastern Bhutan, to the extent that they may be considered part of a wider collection of "Bumthang languages." The Nyen language, also related to the Bumthang languages, is more divergent, while the 'Ole language ("Black Mountain Monpa") is only distantly related.[4][5][6]

See also


  1. Nupbikha at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Nupbikha". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). Nupbikha. Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16 (online) ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
  4. Schicklgruber, Christian (1998). Françoise Pommaret-Imaeda, ed. Bhutan: Mountain Fortress of the Gods. Shambhala. pp. 50, 53.
  5. van Driem, George (2007). "Endangered Languages of Bhutan and Sikkim: East Bodish Languages". In Moseley, Christopher. Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages. Routledge. p. 295. ISBN 0-7007-1197-X.
  6. van Driem, George (2007). Matthias Brenzinger, ed. Language diversity endangered. Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs, Mouton Reader. 181. Walter de Gruyter. p. 312. ISBN 3-11-017050-7.
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