Location of Nemuro Province c. 1869.
Nemuro Province (根室国 Nemuro-no kuni) was an old province in Japan in what is today Nemuro Subprefecture, Hokkaidō. It was created during the Meiji Era.
After 1869, the northern Japanese island was known as Hokkaido; and regional administrative subdivisions were identified, including Nemuro Province.
- August 15, 1869 Nemuro Province created with five districts
- 1872 Population is 832.
- January 1885 Shikotan transferred to Chishima Province
- Hanasaki (花咲郡) (dissolved April 1, 1959 when Habomai Village was merged into Nemuro City; originally included Shikotan District)
- Nemuro (根室郡) (dissolved August 1, 1957 when Nemuro Town and Wada Village merged to form Nemuro City)
- Notsuke (野付郡)
- Shibetsu (標津郡)
- Menashi (目梨郡)