Matthias Nicoll

Matthias Nicoll
6th Mayor of New York City
In office
Preceded by Thomas Delavall
Succeeded by John Lawrence
Personal details
Born 1630
Islip, Northamptonshire, England
Died 1687 (aged 5657)
Islip, New York

Matthias Nicoll (1630 – December 22, 1687), aka Nicolls, was the 6th Mayor of New York City from 1672 to 1673. He is the patriarch of the Nicoll family which settled and owned much of Long Island, New York. Numerous place names on the island now bear the Nicoll name.

Early life

Nicoll was born in 1630 and was son of a minister. He lived in Islip, Northamptonshire and practiced law there.

Life in America

In 1664, he came to the United States with Richard Nicolls. It is not known if the two were related although some sources say he was Richard's nephew. Matthias was Richard's secretary and was present to the first surrender of the Dutch New Amsterdam to the English. He was clerk of the court in the new English colony and served various judge roles.[1] He was a member of the Convention at Hempstead, New York in 1664-1665 that established the laws for the new colony.

In 1670, he bought land in present Plandome Manor, New York/Plandome, New York, and he is said to have named it for the Latin 'planus domus' meaning 'plain' or 'peaceful' home.[2]

Political career

In 1672 he was appointed New York City Mayor, and served for two years. He was Speaker of the General Assembly under Thomas Dongan in 1684 which guaranteed religious freedom to Christians.

Personal life

He and his wife were buried in front of the manor home, although the exact spot is not now known because it was vandalized. A plaque on Plandome Road marks the general area.

One of his children, William Nicoll, would sell the Plandome Manor in 1718, then over 1000 acres, and move to his own estate of 100 square miles (260 km2) on the Great South Bay in present day Islip, New York. The Suffolk estate Islip was named after their ancestral home in England.

The manor house itself was torn down in 1998 by its new owner.[2][3]


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